Product Lifecycle Presentation- New England Environmental Education Alliance
The Missing Link in Sustainable Education: Understanding Product LifecyclesDaniel Gross, Valleyview Middle School, Centenary College, Schiff Nature PreserveContact info: email@example.com, http://tinyurl.com/4ar3t7x
Lifecycle of many of the chemicals in our lives
Lifecycle of a product Cradle to grave Design to dispose or reuse
How does this happen? Poor Design (understatement of a generation)1st Chapter and Last Chapter - Today learn new chapter 1 and a different ending
Introduction• Where you work currently• Couple other places you have worked that participants might be linked to• What you hope to get out of today: ex. lessons for classroom, background on product lifecycle, or _____________________
Agenda• Introductions• Sample introduction to product lifecycle: Sweet Honey in the Rock• Paradigm Shift in Thinking: Story of Stuff• Adding more wood to the fire• Lifecycle of common products• Other Resources and ideas from the group
California“ What is the most important environmental issue?”
Intentional Design:Toxic agents in the environment• Every human carries traces of industrial chemicals.• 80% of U.S. streams contain at least trace amounts of 82 wastewater contaminants. How toxics move through the environment
Types of toxicants based on health effects:these are all human designed products • Carcinogens: cause cancer • Mutagens: cause DNA mutations • Teratogens: cause birth defects • Neurotoxins: assault the nervous system • Endocrine disruptors: interfere with the endocrine (hormone) system heart disease, diabetes and liver-enzyme abnormalities
Going beyond Cost/Benefit Analysis… Model Natural Systems: been here billions of years try to create self sustaining cycles Cradle to Cradle U.S. Current Thinking ex.Less toxic products: Flame retardant kids pajamas 1. designed to be taken Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): apart, re-handled, and remade Benefit: kids safety 2. Smallest loop/cycle is Also used in: computers, televisions, more sustainable plastics, and furniture Costs: 1. Persist and accumulate in living tissue 2. Affect thyroid/hormones 3. may cause cancer 4. affect brain and nervous system development 5. Costs not mentioned: ______________ Note: The European Union banned them in 2003.
Right to Know Ewg: Environmental Working GroupCell phone radiation Cosmetic data base Health Tips Household cleaners Safe SeafoodWater database andBottled water database
The greatest way we make an impact is with what we buy and how we use it. 1. What is effected by what we buy? (THAT WE HAVE LEARNED SO FAR)2. What are all “costs” / “externalities” or additional areas that are effected by the products we buy?
Listen to the following song and write downLocation step in PLC Costs________________________________________________________El salvador cotton – materials extraction pesiticides, $2/day, civil warPanama canal transport cotton GHG, invasive speciesSouth carolina polyester and cotton combinedVenezuela oil for polyester air+ water pollution workers $6/dayTrinidad and tobago oil upgradedHaiti make the shirt label practices, $3/daySears in USWhat steps are not included in the song?Make this into a cycle.
Cotton and polyester shirt• Sustainable Solutions: – Buy organic shirts Shirt donated, Shirt Designed Or thrown out – Pay attention to where your shirt is from and only buy from countries that pay workers fairly and don’t use harmful pesticides• Negative Environmental Sold at Sears Materials: Polyester from Venezuelan oil Issues: In the US Cotton El Salvador Cotton – Workers get paid $3/day and absorb pesticides – Polyester comes from oil. Oil extraction can cause air and Manufacture: water pollution. Thread spun in South Carolina Shirt made in Haiti
Evaluating Full Cost of Resources Use• Examples – Clear-cutting + habitat loss – Commercial fishing + depletion of fish stocks• Tax breaks• Subsidies ex. Farm bill – What is the cheapest food in the grocery store? – We subsidize farmers to grow corn, soy and wheat which all require huge amounts of chemicals and contribute to the fattening up of America
Story of Stuff: change the paradigm of “planned obsolenscence”
Electronics• They rule so many people’s lives• The cultural effect is just as important …• But where do they come from…Story of Electronics:1st- list the steps in a product’s lifecycle in general2nd- with something erasable, write down your hypothesis for typical electronic lifecycle including costs3rd- Watch 8 minute video and fill in effects
Electronics• Sustainable Solutions: Disposal/ Reuse/ Material Extraction: Recycle• Negative Environmental Use product: Production Issues: “Products life” Transportation:
Electronics after videoSustainable Solutions: Disposal/ Reuse/ Material Extraction:. You made it, you deal with it Recycle . Old TV 5 l. lead 1000 materials mines . Extended user responsibility . China recycling 25 million tons/yr . Product take back. Longer lasting, less toxic, more recyclable/reusable/modular. Consumer demand for greener products. Ask recycler where e-waste goes. Design government policy to encourage green innovation Use product: Production PVC, flame “Products life” retardants, chemicalNegative Environmental Issues:• Design for the dump• Workers exposed to chemicals (40% > miscarriages)• Silicon Valley polluted• Toxics in . . . Toxics out Transportation:• Externilizing costs of production – Cost vs. Benefit analysis
Classroom ideas: positiveResearch a sustainable company1. Create a product lifecycle for one of their products as best you can2. Write a letter to company with compliments and suggestions to make their products more sustainable. Include areas where they need to have more transparency.
Make a Map of PLC of a Shoe1. Set up the 7 5. Pass fishing line as continents tell story2. What materials need to be extracted3. (hand out pics)4. Location of materials
Classroom ideas: positiveSustainable Solutions Survey1. Research a sustainable product:Sustainable( using a product lifecycle mentality) worker rights, fair pay, environmentally sound, reuse, etc…2. Create a survey of their productteach others about the product after the survey3. Graph and write a newspaper article about their survey and results and the importance of their product.
Analyze a Product LifecycleSource: Use Worldwatch Institute or another organization1st Give students existing product lifecycle2nd Have students make note-cards of their lifecycles3rd Create stations where kids need to put cards in a cycle4th Stations: a. List Negative Environmental Impacts b. List Sustainable Solutions (may not be in article)
Key topics in Sustainability that connect to product lifecycle1. Ecological Footprint2. Lifecycle of a Product3. Biomimicry3 Tools you need to help understand keys to sustainability:Natural capital, bioregional studies, developing local economies, permaculture, ____________________
Ideas for the classroom:Have students trace thelifecycle of bottled water . Show story of bottled water . Campaign to have school bottled water free . Bottle water towerOther MS and HS andcollege ideas/lessons
Website: http://tinyurl.com/4ar3t7x• WEB RESOURCES REFERENCE:•• background and key vocab. related to•• LESSONS: product lifecycle••• Patagonia Co. specific lifecycles• Facing the Future: 9th-12th: 10 lessons called "Buy,• Use,Toss" Connects with Story of Stuff Impact of materials in shoes: good as a•• research point• 7-12th grade: lifecycle of shoes•• paper vs. plastic bag lifecycle analysis Story of Stuff downloads:• Story of: bottled water, cosmetics,• simple lesson for a marketing teacher electronics, stuff,•• cap and trade and more• to come••• William McDonough TED talk: this guy is amazing How to prevent toxins in your life Environmental Working Group: great site for helping to make sustainale buying decisions
Timeline• Introductions-• Present and modify goals of session- 10 min.• Sample introduction to product lifecycle: Sweet Honey in the Rock- 30 min.• Paradigm Shift in Thinking: Story of Stuff- 30 min• Adding more wood to the fire- 20 min• Lifecycle of common products- 15 min.• Other Resources and ideas from the group
Notes and don’t forget• Get cent pp and 8th grade pp• Cd song• Need speakers• Notes on each slide