The Missing Link in      Sustainable Education:  Understanding Product LifecyclesDaniel Gross, Valleyview Middle School, C...
Lifecycle of many of the chemicals in              our lives
Lifecycle of a product      Cradle to grave Design to dispose or reuse
How does this happen?     Poor Design (understatement of a generation)1st Chapter and Last Chapter - Today learn new chapt...
Introduction• Where you work currently• Couple other places you have  worked that participants might  be linked to• What y...
Agenda• Introductions• Sample introduction to product lifecycle:  Sweet Honey in the Rock• Paradigm Shift in Thinking: Sto...
California“ What is the most important   environmental issue?”
Intentional Design:Toxic agents in the environment• Every human carries traces of industrial  chemicals.• 80% of U.S. stre...
Types of toxicants based on health effects:these are all human designed products             • Carcinogens: cause cancer  ...
nature24 seconds to 3:11 TED talk
Going beyond Cost/Benefit Analysis…                    Model Natural Systems:                   been here billions of year...
Right to Know  Ewg: Environmental Working GroupCell phone radiation                                 Cosmetic data base    ...
We need a systems/cycle view
United Nations is starting to get involved
The greatest way we make an impact is  with what we buy and how we use it.  1. What is effected by what we                ...
Listen to the following song and write                        downLocation              step in PLC          Costs________...
Cotton and polyester shirt• Sustainable Solutions:   – Buy organic shirts                          Shirt donated,         ...
Evaluating Full Cost of Resources Use• Examples  – Clear-cutting + habitat loss  – Commercial fishing + depletion of fish ...
Story of Stuff:   change the  paradigm of    “planned obsolenscence”
Electronics• They rule so many people’s lives• The cultural effect is just as important …• But where do they come from…Sto...
Electronics• Sustainable Solutions:               Disposal/                                        Reuse/                 ...
Electronics after videoSustainable Solutions:                                    Disposal/                                ...
Two approaches for determining safety
Classroom ideas: positiveResearch a sustainable company1. Create a product lifecycle for one of  their products as best yo...
Make a Map of PLC of a Shoe1. Set up the 7      5. Pass fishing line as   continents          tell story2. What materials ...
Classroom ideas: positiveSustainable Solutions Survey1. Research a sustainable product:Sustainable( using a product lifecy...
Analyze a Product LifecycleSource: Use Worldwatch Institute or   another organization1st Give students existing product   ...
Connect to Food Miles Lesson
Key topics in Sustainability that     connect to product lifecycle1. Ecological Footprint2. Lifecycle of a Product3. Biomi...
Ideas for the classroom:Have students trace thelifecycle of bottled water  . Show story of bottled water  . Campaign to ha...
Applying to younger grades• Ideas
Website: http://tinyurl.com/4ar3t7x•   WEB RESOURCES                                                           REFERENCE:•...
Systems approach:
Timeline• Introductions-• Present and modify goals of session- 10 min.• Sample introduction to product lifecycle: Sweet  H...
Notes and don’t forget•   Get cent pp and 8th grade pp•   Cd song•   Need speakers•   Notes on each slide
Product Lifecycle Presentation- New England Environmental Education Alliance
Product Lifecycle Presentation- New England Environmental Education Alliance
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Product Lifecycle Presentation- New England Environmental Education Alliance

  1. 1. The Missing Link in Sustainable Education: Understanding Product LifecyclesDaniel Gross, Valleyview Middle School, Centenary College, Schiff Nature PreserveContact info: dgross242@live.com, http://tinyurl.com/4ar3t7x
  2. 2. Lifecycle of many of the chemicals in our lives
  3. 3. Lifecycle of a product Cradle to grave Design to dispose or reuse
  4. 4. How does this happen? Poor Design (understatement of a generation)1st Chapter and Last Chapter - Today learn new chapter 1 and a different ending
  5. 5. Introduction• Where you work currently• Couple other places you have worked that participants might be linked to• What you hope to get out of today: ex. lessons for classroom, background on product lifecycle, or _____________________
  6. 6. Agenda• Introductions• Sample introduction to product lifecycle: Sweet Honey in the Rock• Paradigm Shift in Thinking: Story of Stuff• Adding more wood to the fire• Lifecycle of common products• Other Resources and ideas from the group
  7. 7. California“ What is the most important environmental issue?”
  8. 8. Intentional Design:Toxic agents in the environment• Every human carries traces of industrial chemicals.• 80% of U.S. streams contain at least trace amounts of 82 wastewater contaminants. How toxics move through the environment
  9. 9. Types of toxicants based on health effects:these are all human designed products • Carcinogens: cause cancer • Mutagens: cause DNA mutations • Teratogens: cause birth defects • Neurotoxins: assault the nervous system • Endocrine disruptors: interfere with the endocrine (hormone) system heart disease, diabetes and liver-enzyme abnormalities
  10. 10. nature24 seconds to 3:11 TED talk
  11. 11. Going beyond Cost/Benefit Analysis… Model Natural Systems: been here billions of years try to create self sustaining cycles Cradle to Cradle U.S. Current Thinking ex.Less toxic products: Flame retardant kids pajamas 1. designed to be taken Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): apart, re-handled, and remade Benefit: kids safety 2. Smallest loop/cycle is Also used in: computers, televisions, more sustainable plastics, and furniture Costs: 1. Persist and accumulate in living tissue 2. Affect thyroid/hormones 3. may cause cancer 4. affect brain and nervous system development 5. Costs not mentioned: ______________ Note: The European Union banned them in 2003.
  12. 12. Right to Know Ewg: Environmental Working GroupCell phone radiation Cosmetic data base Health Tips Household cleaners Safe SeafoodWater database andBottled water database
  13. 13. We need a systems/cycle view
  14. 14. United Nations is starting to get involved
  15. 15. The greatest way we make an impact is with what we buy and how we use it. 1. What is effected by what we buy? (THAT WE HAVE LEARNED SO FAR)2. What are all “costs” / “externalities” or additional areas that are effected by the products we buy?
  16. 16. Listen to the following song and write downLocation step in PLC Costs________________________________________________________El salvador cotton – materials extraction pesiticides, $2/day, civil warPanama canal transport cotton GHG, invasive speciesSouth carolina polyester and cotton combinedVenezuela oil for polyester air+ water pollution workers $6/dayTrinidad and tobago oil upgradedHaiti make the shirt label practices, $3/daySears in USWhat steps are not included in the song?Make this into a cycle.
  17. 17. Cotton and polyester shirt• Sustainable Solutions: – Buy organic shirts Shirt donated, Shirt Designed Or thrown out – Pay attention to where your shirt is from and only buy from countries that pay workers fairly and don’t use harmful pesticides• Negative Environmental Sold at Sears Materials: Polyester from Venezuelan oil Issues: In the US Cotton El Salvador Cotton – Workers get paid $3/day and absorb pesticides – Polyester comes from oil. Oil extraction can cause air and Manufacture: water pollution. Thread spun in South Carolina Shirt made in Haiti
  18. 18. Evaluating Full Cost of Resources Use• Examples – Clear-cutting + habitat loss – Commercial fishing + depletion of fish stocks• Tax breaks• Subsidies ex. Farm bill – What is the cheapest food in the grocery store? – We subsidize farmers to grow corn, soy and wheat which all require huge amounts of chemicals and contribute to the fattening up of America
  19. 19. Story of Stuff: change the paradigm of “planned obsolenscence”
  20. 20. Electronics• They rule so many people’s lives• The cultural effect is just as important …• But where do they come from…Story of Electronics:1st- list the steps in a product’s lifecycle in general2nd- with something erasable, write down your hypothesis for typical electronic lifecycle including costs3rd- Watch 8 minute video and fill in effects
  21. 21. Electronics• Sustainable Solutions: Disposal/ Reuse/ Material Extraction: Recycle• Negative Environmental Use product: Production Issues: “Products life” Transportation:
  22. 22. Electronics after videoSustainable Solutions: Disposal/ Reuse/ Material Extraction:. You made it, you deal with it Recycle . Old TV 5 l. lead 1000 materials mines . Extended user responsibility . China recycling 25 million tons/yr . Product take back. Longer lasting, less toxic, more recyclable/reusable/modular. Consumer demand for greener products. Ask recycler where e-waste goes. Design government policy to encourage green innovation Use product: Production PVC, flame “Products life” retardants, chemicalNegative Environmental Issues:• Design for the dump• Workers exposed to chemicals (40% > miscarriages)• Silicon Valley polluted• Toxics in . . . Toxics out Transportation:• Externilizing costs of production – Cost vs. Benefit analysis
  23. 23. Two approaches for determining safety
  24. 24. Classroom ideas: positiveResearch a sustainable company1. Create a product lifecycle for one of their products as best you can2. Write a letter to company with compliments and suggestions to make their products more sustainable. Include areas where they need to have more transparency.
  25. 25. Make a Map of PLC of a Shoe1. Set up the 7 5. Pass fishing line as continents tell story2. What materials need to be extracted3. (hand out pics)4. Location of materials
  26. 26. Classroom ideas: positiveSustainable Solutions Survey1. Research a sustainable product:Sustainable( using a product lifecycle mentality) worker rights, fair pay, environmentally sound, reuse, etc…2. Create a survey of their productteach others about the product after the survey3. Graph and write a newspaper article about their survey and results and the importance of their product.
  27. 27. Analyze a Product LifecycleSource: Use Worldwatch Institute or another organization1st Give students existing product lifecycle2nd Have students make note-cards of their lifecycles3rd Create stations where kids need to put cards in a cycle4th Stations: a. List Negative Environmental Impacts b. List Sustainable Solutions (may not be in article)
  28. 28. Connect to Food Miles Lesson
  29. 29. Key topics in Sustainability that connect to product lifecycle1. Ecological Footprint2. Lifecycle of a Product3. Biomimicry3 Tools you need to help understand keys to sustainability:Natural capital, bioregional studies, developing local economies, permaculture, ____________________
  30. 30. Ideas for the classroom:Have students trace thelifecycle of bottled water . Show story of bottled water . Campaign to have school bottled water free . Bottle water towerOther MS and HS andcollege ideas/lessons
  31. 31. Applying to younger grades• Ideas
  32. 32. Website: http://tinyurl.com/4ar3t7x• WEB RESOURCES REFERENCE:•• background and key vocab. related to•• LESSONS: product lifecycle••• Patagonia Co. specific lifecycles• Facing the Future: 9th-12th: 10 lessons called "Buy,• Use,Toss" Connects with Story of Stuff Impact of materials in shoes: good as a•• research point• 7-12th grade: lifecycle of shoes•• paper vs. plastic bag lifecycle analysis Story of Stuff downloads:• Story of: bottled water, cosmetics,• simple lesson for a marketing teacher electronics, stuff,•• cap and trade and more• to come••• William McDonough TED talk: this guy is amazing How to prevent toxins in your life Environmental Working Group: great site for helping to make sustainale buying decisions
  33. 33. Systems approach:
  34. 34. Timeline• Introductions-• Present and modify goals of session- 10 min.• Sample introduction to product lifecycle: Sweet Honey in the Rock- 30 min.• Paradigm Shift in Thinking: Story of Stuff- 30 min• Adding more wood to the fire- 20 min• Lifecycle of common products- 15 min.• Other Resources and ideas from the group
  35. 35. Notes and don’t forget• Get cent pp and 8th grade pp• Cd song• Need speakers• Notes on each slide

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