Berry Wellmanwhich stands in contrast to the longstanding social arrangements formed around large hierarchical bureaucracies and small, densely knit groups such as households, communities, and workgroups.people who have much more capacity to act on their own, to solve their problems and organize their lives, but they do it in a networked way.
Youth ic ts and political engagement in asia
Youth, ICTs and Political Engagement in Asia A project supported by Ideacorp / IDRC
Southeast Asia Manila, Philippines KL, Malaysia SingaporeSouth Asia Dhaka, Bangladesh Colombo, Sri Lanka Delhi, India • To examine the types of ICTs (e.g., short message service) youth is using for engaging in the political process and to what effect; • To understand the role of ICTs in changing relationships between young citizens and the political institutions (e.g., the government, NGOs, etc); • To examine how the usage of ICTs is transforming the nature of young citizen’s political engagement.
The Final Team• Dr. Weiyu Zhang, National Univ. of Singapore• Dr. Clarissa David, UP Diliman, Philippines• Dr. Joanne Lim Bee Yin, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus• Dr. P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan, India Institute of Technology, Delhi• Dr. Sahid Ullah, Chittagong University, Bangladesh
The Design • Six-country comparative study – 20-30 in-depth interviews with young activists – 5-10 focus groups with average youth Malaysia Philippines Singapore Bangladesh India Sri LankaInterviewees 26 29 24 23 26 15FGDs 8 8 12 7 6 N.A.
Bypassing the political institutionsTRENDS (DECLINING)
Media• ICTs as alternative channels, for both acquiring and disseminating information – Lack of access to mass channels (Singapore and Malaysia) – Two-step activism (Bangladesh, India and Philippines)
Parties• The demise of party politics? – Weak partisanship, built upon social cleavages and ideological differences (Singapore and Malaysia) • Oppose for the sake of opposing? – Corrupt and closed party systems (Bangladesh, India and Philippines) • Increasingly cynical about party activities
Community• A break away from state-dominated development and participation – Making up for the ineffectiveness of government (India and Philippines) – Opening up spaces for political activism (Singapore and Malaysia)• Online communities – a generation whose social capital exists in visible networks of“friends of friends of friends”
Issues• Issue-based politics vs. party-based politics – Young connected people are increasingly exposed to issues that their peers care about through social network sites • Issues come to the attention of the young even without coverage from the traditional press • Youth turned away from mechanisms of engagement provided for by the State• The glocalization of issues