Windhager+smuc cedem14-theartsofthepossible

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Windhager+smuc cedem14-theartsofthepossible

  1. 1. Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. the arts of the possible Florian Windhager & Michael Smuc Information Visualization in the Field of Politics
  2. 2. Politics is the art of the possible. Otto von Bismarck, 1867
  3. 3. Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly and applying the wrong remedies. Groucho Marx
  4. 4. The art of making it look like you are actually helping those that your represent in a government organization while actually creating more problems and blaming them on other politicians so you can get re‐elected. urbandictionary.com
  5. 5. political apathy ‐ (also) a matter of (bad) information design?
  6. 6. information visualization for the people ‐ a second chance for communicating complex topics? rethinking “the standard rationale” (Danziger, 2008) in the field of politics
  7. 7. a visual communication model
  8. 8. Atopic B words images information design methods methods of ‚naturalistic‘ visualization methods of information visualization paintings portraits photos films satellite images physical maps statistical diagrams political maps infographics cartograms network diagrams bubble charts
  9. 9. images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ? 
  10. 10. visualization methods
  11. 11. political maps statistical diagrams cartograms bubble charts networks word clouds infographics
  12. 12. maps
  13. 13. https://www.google.de/maps/
  14. 14. http://derstandard.at/interaktiv/2014‐04‐einkommen/fullscreen.html
  15. 15. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey‐cage/wp/2014/04/07/the‐less‐americans‐know‐about‐ukraines‐location‐the‐more‐they‐want‐u‐s‐to‐intervene/
  16. 16. cartograms
  17. 17. LA times | beyond 7 billion   http://www.latimes.com/world/population/#axzz2ryMCnKNJ
  18. 18. bubble charts
  19. 19. hans rosling | gapminder  www.gapminder.org
  20. 20. networks
  21. 21. FAS.research |  Netzwerk Österreich   www.fas.at/download‐document?gid=49
  22. 22. Josh On |  They Rule   www.theyrule.net/
  23. 23. word clouds
  24. 24. Dr. Michael Spindelegger, budget speech Roland Düringer, angry speech http://www.wordle.net/
  25. 25. Santiago ORTIZ | Inaugural Speeches   http://intuitionanalytics.com/other/inauguralSpeeches/
  26. 26. infographics
  27. 27. body of law traffic &  infrastructure tradeinternal matters international affairs culture justice families  environment defense social affairs finances health sports science & education administration
  28. 28. statistical diagrams
  29. 29. derstandard.at / APA visualine   http://derstandard.at/1379291084354/Nationalratswahl‐2013
  30. 30. traffic &  infrastructure tradeinternal matters international affairs culture justice families  environment defense social affairs finances health sports science & education
  31. 31. visualizing.org    http://www.visualizing.org/full‐screen/56588
  32. 32. Moritz Stefaner | OECD Better Life   http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/
  33. 33. Atopic Binformation design methods methods of ‚naturalistic‘ visualization methods of information visualization paintings portraits photos films satellite images physical maps statistical diagrams political maps infographics cartograms network diagrams bubble charts
  34. 34. barriers to understanding
  35. 35. iv images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ?  Know your audience!
  36. 36. experts scholars ? ? ?  casual infoviz users
  37. 37. experts intrinsic motivation to … … explore data … make sense out of it … and it‘s their job! intrinsic motivation to ….  … learn something new … utilitarian motives … want to get entertained extrinsic motives: … social pressures … avoid boredom … collaborate Let`s try some profiling (Sprague & Tory, 2012) Motivation NON‐experts in casual contexts
  38. 38. experts high skills and knowledge actively hunt for insights => clear conclusion necessary skills and domain knowledge vary „gather“ insights  also awareness insights are OK  get a feeling for the data  about social life and social situations  reflective insights profiling c‘t (Pousman et al, 2012; Smuc, Mayr & Risku, 2010) Skills, knowledge & insights NON‐experts in casual contexts
  39. 39. iv images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ?  Some design strategies for casual contexts (Danziger, 2008) Involve & entertain the user aesthetic appeal (to some extent) narration techniques affective / contextual cues (like Isotypes do) Use User Centered Design Methods for early and continual focus on users Use modern interaction methods to reduce complexity and provide cognition support
  40. 40.  Gapminder: http://www.gapminder.org/world/  GoogleMaps: http://maps.google.com  GooglePublicData: www.google.com/publicdata/  Krempel&Plümper:  http://www.mpi‐fg‐koeln.mpg.de/~lk/netvis/trade/worldtrade.html  InauguralSpeeches: http://intuitionanalytics.com/other/inauguralSpeeches/  LATimes: http://www.latimes.com/world/population/#axzz2ryMCnKNJ  Mappingworlds: http://show.mappingworlds.com/world/  Relationbrowser: http://moritz.stefaner.eu/projects/relation‐browser/  State of the World: http://projects.flowingdata.com/state‐of‐the‐world/index.html  NYTimes: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/08/04/sports/olympics/20080804_MEDALCOUNT_MAP.html  UNdata: http://data.un.org/  VizGedProject: http://viz.ged‐project.de  Vizualizing: http://www.visualizing.org/full‐screen/56588  Wordle: http://wordle.net  WorldbankDataVisualizer: http://devdata.worldbank.org/DataVisualizer  WorldFactbookDashboard: http://visunetdemos.demos.ibm.com/blogsamples/factbook2/FactBookSE.html  Information Design (MSc) at Danube University Krems: http://www.donau‐uni.ac.at/de/studium/informationsdesign/index.php

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