Ross King, Policy Recommendations for Open Research


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CeDEM13 Day 2 morning Workshop – Open Research: Data Management and Policies in the Austrian national context (Michela Vignoli, Ross King)

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Ross King, Policy Recommendations for Open Research

  1. 1. Policy Recommendationsfor Open ResearchIntroductionDr. Ross KingSenior ScientistSafety & Security DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH
  2. 2. SCAPE Project§  Planning and executing computing-intensive digital preservation processessuch as the large-scale ingestion, characterisation or migration of large(multi-Terabyte) and complex data sets§  EU FP7 Collaborative Project§  16 Partners, 11 M€§  SCAPE-Enlarged§  20 Partners, 12 M€www.scape-project.eu2from
  3. 3. Why Open Research?Do we need a democratization of science?323.05.13
  4. 4. Why Open Research?Hypothesis: Open Research is easier than Open Government§  Research is more homogeneous worldwide§  Less institutional resistance§  Fewer legislative hurdles§  Synergy – requirements for Open Government data portals aresimilar to those for Open Research§  More research data!423.05.13
  5. 5. Why Austria?§  Advanced in eGovernment, Open Government§  Relatively high level of awareness§  Good size for a testbed§  Top-down national polices can have a strong effect§  BUT…§  Highly federalized523.05.13
  6. 6. Status in Austria§  No national Open Access Strategy§  OA driven at the institutional level (e.g. FWF, ÖAW)§  OA is established in performance agreements between AustrianUniversities and the BMWF§  But at a somewhat restricted level„Die Universitätsbibliothek der Universität Wien wird in Weiterführung der Open Access-InitiativeServices und Infrastruktur zur Selbstarchivierung („Grüner Weg“) des Forschungsoutputs(Publikationen und primäre Forschungsdaten) der Universität Wien anbieten und Services zurPublikationsunterstützung entwickeln. Zugleich wird sie eine Studie zur weltweiten Diskussionüber die Konsequenzen einer weitreichenden Umsetzung der Open Access-Strategie erstellen.“§  Open Access Network Austria (OANA) established§§  Open Government data established§
  7. 7. Supporting Actions§  High-level (Ministry Sektionschef) champion needed§  Code for the responsible conduct of research§  Austrian investment in e-Infrastructure supporting Open Access toresearch data§ is just a starting point•  e.g. Australian National Data Service – ANDS•  e.g. ENGAGE§  Institutionally driven§  Federated, with standards for discovery and exchange•  9 Austrian repositories registered with ROAR, see
  8. 8. Policy Recommendations should:§  Be clearly formulated in order to be a strong guideline for a successfulimplementation of Open Research§  Consider proprietary interests (i.e. not force to publish Open Access whennot possible)§  Address legal aspects (i.e. licensing, copyright issues)§  Include Data Management and accessibility requirements§  Include provenance requirements of Research Data (i.e. attribution,versioning)§  Make transparent statements about costs and define how/by whom theseshould be financed823.05.13
  9. 9. Research Council UK Policy on Open AccessThis policy covers access to research publications§  All peer‐reviewed research and review articles normally published in academicjournals or conference proceedings, and which acknowledge Research Councilfunding§  Does not cover monographs, books, critical editions, volumes and catalogues, orforms of non‐peer‐reviewed material. However, RCUK encourages authors of suchmaterial to consider making them Open Access where possible.§§  Highly detailed§  Definitions§  Time frames§  Eligible costs923.05.13
  10. 10. Science Europe Position StatementPrinciples for the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications§  Publication and dissemination of results are an integral part of the research process.The allocation of resources within the research system must take this into account;§  Open Access to the published results of publicly-funded research will have huge valuefor the research community and will offer significant social and economic benefits topotential users in industry, charitable and public sectors, to individual professionals,and to the general public;§  Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, is […] also about the opportunity tore-use information with as few restrictions as possible, subject to proper attribution;§  The common goal of Science Europe Members is to shift to a research publicationsystem in which free access to research publications is guaranteed, and which avoidsundue publication barriers. This involves a move towards Open Access, replacing thepresent subscription system with other publication models whilst redirecting andreorganising the current resources accordingly.1023.05.13
  11. 11. Open Access Policy Objectives for "Horizon 2020"Open access to research results will boost Europes innovation capacity§  As a first step, the Commission will make open access to scientific publications ageneral principle of Horizon 2020, the EUs Research & Innovation fundingprogramme for 2014-2020. As of 2014, all articles produced with funding from Horizon2020 will have to be accessible:§  Articles will either immediately be made accessible online by the publisher (Goldopen access) - up-front publication costs can be eligible for reimbursement by theEuropean Commission; or§  Researchers will make their articles available through an open access repository nolater than six months (12 months for articles in the fields of social sciences andhumanities) after publication (Green open access).§
  12. 12. Policy Recommendations: Suggestions§  Change evaluation and incentive structures§  Funding agencies•  Policies for the evaluation of research proposals and projects•  Funding agencies should require institutions participating innationally funded to make their research results available to OpenAccess principles when possible (like FWF)•  Funding Open Access publishing and infrastructure should beeligible costs§  Institutions•  Institutions participating in nationally funded research should have aData Management Plan•  Policies for the evaluation of scientific staff–  San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment
  13. 13. AIT Austrian Institute of Technologyyour ingenious partnerDr. Ross