Promoting (meta)-data standards - The European Commission ISA Programme perspective


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Presentation at the Open Government Data Standardisation Workshop of Informatik 2013, Koblenz

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Promoting (meta)-data standards - The European Commission ISA Programme perspective

  1. 1. JOINING UP GOVERNMENTS EUROPEAN COMMISSION Promoting (meta)-data standards - The European Commission ISA Programme perspective Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation Koblenz, 17/09/2013
  2. 2. 2 Content
  3. 3. 3 Introduction and Background
  4. 4. 4 Cooperating partners with compatible visions, aligned priorities, and focused objectives Political context Semantic Interoperability in the European Interoperability Framework 4
  5. 5. 5 What is “Semantic Interoperability” How to promote semantic interoperability? 
  6. 6. 6 Semantic Standards Semantic Standards = common ways to describe information • Generic and abstract data models (data patterns) • Reference data (e.g. codelists, taxonomies, dictionaries, vocabularies) Sharing and Reuse of semantic standards contributes to: a) Reduce development costs, not reinventing the wheel b) Reduce integration, and sharing of information costs c) Increase interoperability between systems
  7. 7. 7 Content
  8. 8. ADMS & Catalogue of semantic standards
  9. 9. How to increase visibility of semantic standards A large number of semantic standards already exists These are scattered in numerous places linked with various initiatives – Several national initiatives to create repositories/libraries/catalogs of semantic standards (e.g. Germany, Denmark, Finland, Estonia…) – Standardization bodies and third party initiatives generate valuable and highly reusable specifications (e.g. OASIS, W3C, UN/CEFACT…) – Independent projects make available semantic standards to their own websites How could we promote reuse at a European level?
  10. 10. The need for federation How could we promote use of semantic standards at a European level? … by increasing the visibility of what already exists …enabling a federation of semantic standards repositories – Cross-querying and discovery should be supported – Respect the autonomy of each repository
  11. 11. How to federate? Common template (metadata) for describing semantic standards Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS)
  12. 12. 57 16 people Member States representatives Multi-disciplinary working group Statistics October 2011-April 2012 Number of virtual meetings of ADMS Working Group Number of messages on ADMS WG mailing list Number of accesses to ADMS versions on Joinup Number of public comments Number of JIRA issues tracked and resolvedGovernment Business Academia Libraries Repository owners Standardisation bodies Wide range of backgrounds 7 295 > 2500 15 232 ADMS Working Group in figures
  13. 13. ADMS endorsement • May 2012: Endorsed by the EU member states (ISA Coordination Group)
  14. 14. ADMS implementation • Semantic standards are described using ADMS • Features simple and advanced search of semantic standards • 2000+ semantic standards from 25 repositories are currently searchable through Joinup (Sep. 2013) ADMS-based federation of semantic standards repositories Catalogue of semantic standards Since January 2013
  15. 15. ADMS as W3C Note
  16. 16. Core Vocabularies ADMS & Catalogue of semantic standards
  17. 17. "…What has been discovered over the years is that there are a number of structures that are universal and applicable to all kinds of organizations, both private and public. There are four fundamental categories: People and Organizations, Geography, Physical Resources and Activities and Events" David Hay, Describing the World: Data Patterns Core Vocabularies
  18. 18. Core vocabularies Simplified, re-usable, generic and extensible data models that capture the fundamental characteristics of a data entity in a context-neutral fashion. CORE VOCABULARY PUBLIC SERVICE Core Vocabularies
  19. 19. 19 Usage - New systems: As default starting points for data modeling - Existing systems: - As reference data models for integration and information sharing - As export specifications for publishing open data Core Vocabularies CORE VOCABULARY PUBLIC SERVICE
  20. 20. 20 How ISA develops Core Vocabularies Core Business TF: chaired by DG MARKT (European Business Registry project) Core Location TF: chaired by EC Joint Research Centre/H6 (INSPIRE Directive) Core Person TF: chaired by EUROJUST Core Vocabularies Working Group W3C methodology 67 21 people Member States and the US, South Africa and Croatia Multi disciplinary working group + EU institutions Standardization bodies External experts/academia
  21. 21. ISA Open Metadata License v1.1 License Core Vocabularies specs Core Vocabularies are available through the Join.up platform since April 2012 Core Vocabularies have been endorsed by the member states in the context of the ISA Coordination Group, May 2012
  22. 22. Core Business Vocabulary as W3C Note
  23. 23. Pilots using Linked Data technologies Core Vocabularies ADMS & Catalogue of semantic standards
  24. 24. 5 Linked Data pilots featuring the Core Vocabularies 1) Interconnecting Belgian address data using the Core Location Vocabulary – In collaboration with AGIV, CIRB, bpost, FEDICT, SPW, NGI /IGN and EC INSPIRE team. – Pilot available at: 2) Linking national plant protection products registers In collaboration with DG SANCO and agencies from 8 Member States, i.e. Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, The Netherlands and Sweden. • Pilot available at: • using the Registered Organization Vocabulary
  25. 25. 5 Linked Data pilots featuring the Core Vocabularies 3) Publishing organisational data as Linked Open Government Data – In collaboration with the Greek Ministry of Administrative Reform and e-Government and Agenzia per l'Italia Digitale. – Pilot available at: 4) Reusable public service descriptions using the Core Public Service Vocabulary – In collaboration with SPOCS and e-CODEX large scale pilots, Flemish Intergovernmental Product and Service Catalogue and DERI, National University of Ireland, Galway. – Pilot available at:
  26. 26. 5 Linked Data pilots featuring the Core Vocabularies 5) Interconnecting maritime surveillance data using the Core Location and the Registered Organization Vocabularies – In collaboration with DG MARE, EMSA and the Spanish Armada. – Pilot available at: (under development)
  27. 27. 27 6) eCodex LSP uses the Core Person vocabulary for exchanging judicial information amongst EU MSs 7) The Flemish Local Authority Association has used all Core Vocabularies and has created an extension to cover local authorities needs 8) eSENS LSP will use ADMS to document interoperability solutions across Europe Core Vocabularies uptake
  28. 28. Guidelines & good practices Pilots using Linked Data technologies Core Vocabularies ADMS & Catalogue of semantic standards
  29. 29. Re-use Do not reinvent More good practices & case studies Guidelines & good practices
  30. 30. 30 Content
  31. 31. 31 Next Steps • Raise awareness on semantic standards • Promote the use of Core Vocabularies and ADMS • Develop operational pilots using the core vocabularies and linked data • Work towards metadata alignment in MSs and in EU institutions • Support DGs and MSs in metadata, and reference data management • Identify high value data and make it available as open and linked data • Develop more core vocabularies
  32. 32. • Technical standards have contributed to mature solutions at the technical interoperability layer for decades • Semantic standards are still missing to address semantic interoperability • The EC ISA Programme has initiated work in this area to promote semantic standardization Conclusions
  33. 33. References • ISA Programme, Action 1.1 on semantic interoperability: • Joinup platform: • Open Government Metadata: • Core Vocabularies: – – – – • DCAT-AP: • ADMS: • Federation of semantic assets repositories: • ADMS promotion video:
  34. 34. Contact us Follow @SEMICeu on Twitter Join the SEMIC group on LinkedIn Get involved Join the SEMIC community on Joinup Visit our initiatives SOFTWARE FORGES COMMUNITY ADMS. SW CORE VOCABULARY PUBLIC SERVICE