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The Largest Democracy - India


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The Largest Democracy (India) Poised forElectronic Government and ElectronicDemocracy Suggested Framework: Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive (VOTERS) eDemocracy (Singara Rao Karna) #CeDEM12

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The Largest Democracy - India

  1. 1. The Largest Democracy (India) Poised forElectronic Government and ElectronicDemocracy Suggested Framework: Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive (VOTERS) eDemocracy
  2. 2. India Against Corruption (IAC) Protests• A Voluntary Online Movement against Corruption• Dedicated Software Engineers and Social Engineers• Young Techno Savvy Population of 450 Million Online Social Media and on Net Phones• 65 percent of 1.2 Billion population is below 35 years age• 50 percent of 1.2 Billion population is below 25 years age• By 2020 India will have the largest youngest people in the world
  3. 3. IAC – 2nd Indian Freedom Movement• Nearly half of the Indian population (640 million) own GSM mobile phones now• texting at least ten other friends was the advice given by the Team GANDHIAN.
  4. 4. IAC Protest – Gandhian Non- Violent Way• IAC – Apolitical Organisation• Gandhian Activism• Smart Mobs (Howard 2009)• Non-violent/Ethical Online and Offline• National Pride
  5. 5. IAC & Smart Mobs & eWord of MouseHoward Rheingold coined the term smart mob in a book( by the same name. Smart mobs are aMore inclusive form of digital technology-based mobilization. Rheingold usesthe term to refer to a series of sharing, collaborative, performativeengagements that they have Emerged around the world, especially with youngpeople using the Internet. Such people don’t know each other, but throughdifferent peer to peer protocols, are able to share their resources towards aparticular purpose.So it might be a group of friends who want to seek sharing theiridle computing time or people using location based applicationsto meet each other in a café and form friendship. Smart mobsare essentially different from flash mobs because they have aspecific agenda and are geared towards a longer, sustained and enduring practice of community belonging and building.
  6. 6. Drivers for a Spontaneous Protest• Wikileaks Assange disclosing that Indians have per capita most unaccounted money in secret bank accounts outside India• Major scam coming to light in Telecom Contract award sector
  7. 7. Evolutionary Indian Civic Community Appears Virtual Social RevolutionaryHow Self Organised Virtual Communities Happened?The Role of• Mass Media• Social Network Media (Twitter, Facebook, You Tube)• ICT Media
  8. 8. Contd..No movement in India has ever had a Twitterhandle, a Facebook page, an Orkut community,LinkedIn group, an e-mail address, an Interactive Voice Responsive System (IVRS), a mobileapp for Nokia and Android. The movement led by “Anna” Hazare, India Against Corruptpersonalities attracted experts such as a lawyer, asoftware engineer, a system analyst, a journalist,and others that are driven to keep this “worthwhile” cause alive.
  9. 9. The Framework of V.O.T.E.R.SVerifiable: Authenticate; Certifiable; Possible to verify;Verifiable account of an incident (i.e. Social Audit)Open: Free of prejudice; Receptive to new ideas and arguments;Citizens Rights and Citizens setting public agendaTransparent: Free from deceit or fraud; Frank; Easily detectableor seen through; Readily understood; Characterized by visibilityor accessibility of information especially concerning businesspracticesEmpathetic: Compassionate ; HumaneResponsive: Responsive to the needs of customers - receivers ofproducts and services ie Citizen CustomersSensitive: Discretionary authority over important policy matters
  10. 10. "There is no longer any doubt of the linkages betweencorruption, poverty and human rights abuses. An open and transparent state will provide for fuller realization of economic, social and political rights. There will be fewer secrets, less discrimination, and more equalaccess to public services like education and health care, as well as to fair treatment by the police and judiciary. Let us join together to fight corruption. It is a battle that can be won." (Robinson, Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, home page, Transparency International, 2012, p.1)
  11. 11. E-Information: Government websites provide information onpolicies and programs, budgets, laws and regulations; along withother briefs on key public interest. Tools for broadcasting ofInformation is available for timely access and use of publicinformation, including web Forums, email lists, newsgroups, andchat rooms;E-Consultation: The government website explains waysand means of e-consultation and tools, while offering choice ofpublic policy topics online for discussion with real time andarchived access to audio and video of public meetings. Thegovernment encourages citizens to participate in discussions;E-Decision-making: The government informs that it will takecitizen input into decision-making, while undertaking to provideactual feedback on the outcome of specific issues.
  12. 12. eDemocracy Maturity Meta Model Web Presence Web Interactive Web Transactive Transfaormational eDemocracy V.O.T.E.R.S eDemocracy
  13. 13. One Year after IAC Movement• The Civil Activist – Gandhian Anna Hazare on Twitter• Prime Minister of India joins Twitter• Cases of Corruption are not overlooked• Many politicians and beuracrats being investigagted• Government working to introduce genuine Peoples Anti - Corrutiption Bill• No persecution of Social Media• Citizen-centric IT laws passed for service delivery• Government officials made accountable with penalties
  14. 14. Karna S. Rao PhD (Tsukuba University, Japan)Center for EGovernment and Open Democracy (CEGOD), Bangalore, India email: skar009@gmail.comMobile: Australia 0061 413792591