eParticipation that works

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Some reflections
The “added value” of electronic Participation
Requirements for eParticipation “to work”
Our experience in the PARTERRE project
The issue
The two ICT tools
The six European pilots
Comments and conclusions
Preliminary lessons learnt

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eParticipation that works

  1. 1. eParticipation that worksFrancesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it http://www.parterre-project.eu
  2. 2. Contents   Some reflections on   The “added value” of electronic Participation   Requirements for eParticipation “to work”   Our experience in the PARTERRE project   The issue   The two ICT tools   The six European pilots   Comments and conclusions   Preliminary lessons learnt   The (prospective, integrated) service2 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  3. 3. eParticipation = ICT + Participation   Foundational research lying at the intersection between   Computer Science   Political Science (…broadly speaking…)   Approximately two (convergent? parallel?) strands   Which ICT tools can be deployed to improve Participation   Used to be referred to portals, now to social software etc.   “Build it and they will come” logic, tempered by some extra degree of awareness in the recent past   “Where” and “why” does Participation actually require “which” ICT tools to be deployed?3 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  4. 4. Analogy? http://www.smecc.org/microwave_oven.htm http://cn1.kaboodle.com/hi/img/b/0/0/1b/ 1/AAAAC6wd3fQAAAAAABsSMg.jpg? v=12294637200004 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  5. 5. Or…? http://www.deastore.com/covers/ http://www.infoniac.com/hi-tech/latest-invention-motorized- 978/073/609/ knee-that-allows-running-faster-using-less-muscle-power.html batch3/9780736095501.jpg? 13185170495 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  6. 6. Added value? http://lithgow-schmidt.dk/sherry-arnstein/ ladder-of-citizen-participation.html Hutch Carpenter, http://bhc3.com/2008/12/02/90-9-1-participation-and-enterprise-social-software-adoption/6 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  7. 7. Two pyramids7 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  8. 8. Whom is eParticipation helpful to?http://www.flickr.com/photos/39879026@N06/3700988996/ http://www.globalenvision.org/files/rio.jpg 8 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012 http://pep-net.eu/blog/2011/07/28/scratching-where-it-doesnt-itch-time-to-talk-about-eparticipation-and-elephants/
  9. 9. Is this what we are looking for? eParticipation as a political eParticipation as a policy goal tool   Dependent on the “slavery of   Goal/Process dependent numbers”, in two ways:   Solves concrete problems of decision making   Too few participants break up   Immediately operational the representativeness rule and   May work fine with several ICT provide little input to the tools appointed   Replicable under analogous   Too many voices are, in fact, conditions unheard (J. Fishkin) or provide   (suitable for counter factual junk decisions (F. Zakaria) analysis)   Requires political support from   Effective with even small numbers the Establishment (usually   Sustainable? That depends on a contingent & temporary) variety of factors9 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  10. 10. Past research Molinari @ ePart201010 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  11. 11. This research11 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  12. 12. The issue   Spatial planning and Strategic Environmental Assessment   Both themes of European and National/Regional relevance   Both strongly related to Public Participation (and sometimes, eParticipation) requirements   Scenario   A legal framework completely defined at EU level, which makes consultation and/or participation compulsory (and devolves most regulatory power to local Public Administration)   A plethora of one-off experiments mostly unrelated to the underlying normative process and possibly unaware of each other’s achievements, but also   A number of successful trials — some of which are funded by the EC under the ICT Framework Programmes, INTERREG III or the eParticipation Preparatory Action — which have demonstrated their political and financial advantages12 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  13. 13. The tools: a) DEMOS-Plan13 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  14. 14. The tools: b) Electronic TM14 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  15. 15. The pilots (2011-2012)   Hamburg City State, DE (3+ DEMOS-Plan iterations)   Regione Toscana, IT (2 E-TM’s)   Regione Siciliana/University of Palermo, IT (1 E-TM)   Larnaca District Development Agency, CY (1 E-TM + 1 DEMOS-Plan experiment)   University of Ulster, UK (8 E-TM’s)   University of Turku, FI (4 E-TM’s including closed door experimentations + 1 DEMOS-Plan experiment)15 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  16. 16. Preliminary lessons learnt   It’s a long way to institutionalising eParticipation…   Living Labs acted as eParticipation intermediaries   Our ICT tools seemingly outperform generic forums and social software, not to speak of non-electronic participation tools, in terms of efficiency and effectiveness   There is good potential for integration between the two tools and their underlying processes   Further contribution to take-up may derive from progress in the INSPIRE directive implementation at pan-European and Member State level16 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012
  17. 17. The (prospective) service workflow17 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012 More soon @ www.parterre-project.eu
  18. 18. Thanks for your kind attention   All texts and images used in this presentation, though belonging to the public domain or extracted from Internet sites, are © of their respective authors. Their usage has been limited to the purposes, divulgative and not lucrative, of the present communication. I apologise for any involuntary omission of acknowledgements.   The statements made in this presentation do not involve or engage in any way the European Commission, whom the PARTERRE Project is funded by under the CIP (ICT-PSP) Program.   The original contents included in this presentation are licensed by the PARTERRE Project Partners for free reuse and translation, by always mentioning the source and with the full responsibility of the user in case of adaptation or change. To read the full license go to: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/)   Any errors in the above texts are only mine anyway.18 Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Krems, Austria, 3-05-2012

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