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E-Participation in Slum-Upgrading

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copyright by Mohamed El Sioufi, UN-HABITAT and Peter Sonntagbauer, Cellent AG at CeDEM14

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E-Participation in Slum-Upgrading

  1. 1. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ E-Participation in Slum-Upgrading Mohamed El Sioufi, UN-HABITAT Peter Sonntagbauer, Cellent AG
  2. 2. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda  Introduction  Background PSUP  Mtwapa Pilot  Technology and Features  Experiences so far
  3. 3. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Slum Upgrading Unit / Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch / UN-Habitat Nairobi UNHABITAT  UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future.  Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.
  4. 4. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Slum Upgrading Unit / Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch / UN-Habitat Nairobi • PSUP initiated by the Secretariat of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP), funded by the European Commission (EC) and implemented by UN-Habitat. • PSUP in 34 ACP countries. PSUP
  5. 5. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/  Large Scale Research Project 2011 – 2015 with a budget of 9,0 Mio EUR within the Framework 7 Program of the European Union  17 Partners from Austria, Croatia, China, Cyprus, France, Macedonia, Germany, Kenya, Latvia, Romania, Spain, UK providing a good balance of international ICT companies, universities and political institutions FUPOL
  6. 6. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda Setting (Demand) Analysis Policy Design Formulation Implementation Monitoring FUPOL Integrated Technology Solution E-Services to support the policy-lifecycle involving all stakeholders Citizens Politicians Civil Servants
  7. 7. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ History Cooperation  2012 First talks between UN-HABITAT and FUPOL  End of of 2012 MOU signed  2013 UN-HABITAT joined FUPOL as a full partner Main activities • Joint Publication “E-Governance in Developing Countries” • Mtwapa Pilot • Conferences & Dissemination
  8. 8. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda  Introduction  Background PSUP  Mtwapa Pilot  Technology and Features  Experiences so far
  9. 9. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Slum Upgrading Unit / Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch / UN-Habitat Nairobi • The overall objective of PSUP is to contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of the urban poor, thus contributing to the Millennium Development Goal 7, targets C and D. • PSUP applies a human rights-based approach, mainstreaming: the right to participate in public decision-making, the right to adequate housing, the right to basic urban services and the right against unlawful evictions. • PSUP is operationalized to address the 5 deprivations affecting the life of slum dwellers: lack of potable water, improved sanitation, durable housing, adequate living space and security of residential tenure. • In order to institutionalise participatory approach into policies and planning strategies, PSUP is currently being implemented in three phases PSUP (1)
  10. 10. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Slum Upgrading Unit / Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch / UN-Habitat Nairobi • The PSUP methodology and its phases seek to encourage an inclusive environment where all stakeholders are empowered to participate in defining the future of cities and citizens, with special focus on slum dwellers. • The progressive involvement of slum communities in the implementation of PSUP is secured by inclusive communication strategies and communication tools, as the ones provided by E-participation. PSUP (2)
  11. 11. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ • The advantages of e-participation for participatory slum upgrading are: - Broader participatory processes; - Better informed citizens; - Increased public support to slum upgrading projects; - Increased transparency and accountability in implementation; - Reduced risk of overlooking important details. • PSUP has identified 4 areas in which e-participation can contribute towards the meaningful involvement of slum communities in its implementation: decision-making, exchange, monitoring and making information available. E-Participation and PSUP
  12. 12. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda  Introduction  Background PSUP  Mtwapa Pilot  Technology and Features  Experiences so far
  13. 13. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Mtwapa is part of Kilifi County and lies 15 kms North East of Mombasa City. • Total Population: 62,680 p. Slum Population: 37,483 p. Slum Households: 6,000 approx. • Mtwapa Town was profiled as part of PSUP Phase 1 and, in Phase 2, an action plan was outlined containing the following agreed priorities with respect to slum upgrading: - Security of tenure - Accessibility and Drainage - Sanitation Facilities - Solid Waste Management - Public Lighting Mtwapa
  14. 14. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ • Easy to manage from UN-HABITAT HQ • Small population in Mtwapa to test approach, before going to bigger sites • Kenya’s Technological/Connectivity status: - Mobile Telephone use: over 80%, with more internet and mobile usage in Urban areas - Competitive and lucrative Mobile industry, resulting in Kenya mostly covered by 3G network - Kenya is known for innovations in Mobile applications, as the telephone money transfers’ system called M-Pesa. Why Mtwapa ?
  15. 15. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ • Enabling legislature and policies highlighting ‘participation’ in Kenya - Constitution of Kenya 2010: lays the foundation for public participation in the country’s development agenda, describing people’s participation, inclusiveness and sustainable development as national values and principles of governance. - County Governments Act 2012: Local Government to promote and facilitate citizen participation in the development of policies and plans, and in the delivery of services at local level. - Urban Areas and Cities Act: Requires Urban Areas to have GIS based urban plans developed with stakeholder participation. - Public Financial Management Act: Requires demonstration/evidence of public stakeholder participation. - Draft National Urban Development Policy and Draft National Slum Upgrading and Prevention Policy. Why Mtwapa ? (cont´d)
  16. 16. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda  Introduction  Background PSUP  Mtwapa Pilot  Technology and Features  Experiences so far
  17. 17. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Technical Setup Analysis „Single Window“ in FUPOL Backend Passive E-Participation Active E-Participation Currently 114.000 postings in the DB from the Kilifi region
  18. 18. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/  Early warning system  What is the current concern of citizens „Hot Topics“  Social Media offer new opportunities complementing „traditional“ channels such as surveys, face to face meetings Hot Topics
  19. 19. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Social Media Dashboard
  20. 20. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Geolocalized Analytics
  21. 21. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Opinion Maps and Questionnaires Analysis in FUPOL Backend
  22. 22. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Agenda  Introduction  Background PSUP  Mtwapa Pilot  Technology and Features  Experiences so far
  23. 23. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ • Sensitization and Awareness of Central and Local Governments • Buy-in by Government officials • Sensitization and Awareness of concerned communities • Buy-in by community leaders, elected residents committees, etc. • Training of Government technical teams, elected residents committees, youth and interested community members • Recruitment of Assistant Community Mobilizers • Testing, launch and operation of the e-tools • Begin operation Current Status
  24. 24. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Slum Upgrading Unit / Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch / UN-Habitat Nairobi • Enabling Legal/ Policy Framework for Stakeholder and Community Participation in Country Governance and Development. • Political good will and buy-in. • Available technology/connectivity. • Informed and empowered community. • Base data/base-maps. • Skilled technical support. • Basic IT equipment. Success Factors
  25. 25. www.fupol.eu www.facebook.com/fupol www.facebook.com/mtwapapsup www.ongea-mtwapa.org/ Thank you

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