Cedem 2014 org gap

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  • Cedem 2014 org gap

    1. 1. Herbert Kubicek The Organization Gap in the Provision of Public Information and Open Data The Case of the City State of Bremen, Germany
    2. 2. The 10 Principles of OGD Add. Efforts / Feasibility Completeness Complete sets except for legal restrictions Primacy As collected, incl. details on collection + Timeliness Ease of physical and electronic access Barriers are formal procedures e.g. FOIA requests, instead bulk access and APIs + Machine Readability Widely used formats + documentation + Non - discrimination Any person for any purpose at equal conditions Use of commonly owned standards e.g. Open source instead of Microsoft or Adobe / - Licensing Availability without restrictions / - Permanence Permanent availabiliy incl. archives and version tracking + / Usage cost No charge for collecting the data, no charge for access as the provision generates tax revenues + / - http://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/ Do we live in a land of Milk and Honey ? –
    3. 3. Open Government und OGD 3No1No 1 : ? ? How does it work ? No 1 : 1 Relation Not by a strategy of collecting the low hanging fruits
    4. 4. Different Objectives of OGD Support of Services (Government and Business) Support of Services (Government and Business) Research and Education Research and Education Transparency of Government Documents (Readable by humans) Data (Readable by machines)
    5. 5. Provision of Public Information (data and documents) Bremen
    6. 6. Freedom of Information Laws (FoIAs) on State Level (Germany) • Brandenburg ( März 1998) • Berlin ( Oktober 1999) • Schleswig-Holstein ( Februar 2000) • Nordrhein-Westfalen ( Januar 2002) • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ( Juli 2006) • Hamburg ( August 2006/2012) • Bremen ( August 2006) • Saarland ( September 2006) • Thüringen ( Dezember 2007) • Sachsen-Anhalt ( Oktober 2008) • Rheinland-Pfalz (Januar 2009) Quelle: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Informationsfreiheit Federal Law 2006
    7. 7. Bremer Informationsregister: 27.750 Docs 7http://www.bremen.de/buergerservice/amtliche_informationen Mehr als 27.550 amtliche Informationen: Berichte, Beschlüsse, Protokolle, Gerichtsentscheidungen, Verträge
    8. 8. 8 4/2014: 134 data sets
    9. 9. 9 Anybody can propose / request data sets via the Portal. (based on § 1 BremIFG) The traffic light symbol shows the status
    10. 10. 10 BUT: Raw data do not contribute to transparency just by themselves
    11. 11. What people are looking for: FOI-Register: Top20-Keywords Schlagworte (Keywords) Anzahl der Aufrufe (No. of entries) Wohngeld (housing allowance) 254 Wohnungswesen (housing) 175 Bauordnungsrecht (building law) 142 Wohnungshilfen (housing allowance) 112 Bauordnungswesen (building law) 106 Baurecht (building law) 74 Ausländerrecht (imigration law) 39 Deputationen (government bodies) 39 Verwaltungskosten (administration costs) 39 Gewerbe (trade) 38 Steuern(taxes) 34 Allgemeinbildende+Schule (primary schools) 32 Gesetzgebung (legislation) 26 Wohnungsbau (house building) 26 Personalangelegenheiten (personnel matters) 25 Haushalt (budget) 24 Schwerbehindertenrecht (disabled people law) 24 Fahrerlaubnis (drivers licence) 23 Lärmbelästigung (noise disturbance) 23 Arbeitserlaubnis (working permit) 21
    12. 12. Top Data Sets Street Register 1,119 Budget (State and City) 1,029 Labor Agreements Bremen 2012/2013 472 Open Toilettes 347 Official Maps of Geoinformation Bremen 329 Polling Stations 297 Populatiion by migrant status 281 Starting with 30 for an apps4Bremen Competition in 2011
    13. 13. Number of Registered Documents by Ministry Ressort 2008 - 2010 2011 2012 10/2013 Senatskanzlei 4 30 6.028 7.208 Senatorin für Soziales, Kinder, Jugend und Frauen 131 117 2.101 3.348 Die Senatorin für Finanzen 114 104 1.436 3.191 Der Senator für Umwelt, Bau und Verkehr 239 167 1.983 3.149 Senatorin für Soziales, Kinder, Jugend und Frauen 131 117 2.101 3.348 Der Senator für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Häfen 176 67 1.161 2.287 Die Senatorin für Bildung und Wissenschaft 30 12 1.358 1.802 Tools for automatic registration
    14. 14. Compliance Study 2013 Is a culture of the official secret the main reason for a lack of compliance ? NO YES
    15. 15. The Organization Gap: Central editorial staff can not know what documents are produced in a department
    16. 16. For some kinds of documents authority is already assigned
    17. 17. Recommendation for ordinance:
    18. 18. Pro-active Publication of Raw Data • Much more effort for data than for documents as most existing legacy system are not ment and suited for external access. • The City State of Hamburg in 2012 issued a Transparency Law requiring pro-active publication of all government data according to the 10 OGD principles. • More than 50 administrative systems are checked by more than 30 people (systems check, legal check, programming contracts between 1,000 and 100,000 Euro) • One time cost > 5 Mio. Euro • Annual cost (maintenance) > 1 Mio. Euro 18
    19. 19. Pro-active publication of open data - public consultation April 2014
    20. 20. 20 IFG Informations- weiterverwendungs- gesetz Umwelt- Informations- gesetz Verbraucher- informations- gesetz Urheber- recht Geodaten- zugangs- gesetz Daten- schutz- gesetze Statistik- gesetz Overlapping legal provisions for public information
    21. 21. INSPIRE Annex III Themes: Provision by 2015 Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health and safety Utility and Government services Environmental monitoring facilities Production and industrial facilities Agricultural and aquaculture facilities Population distribution – demography Area management/restriction/regulation zones and reporting units Natural risk zones Atmospheric conditions ........... Habitats and biotopes Species distribution Energy resources Mineral resources ............ Relationsship to OGD: Double collection ? Different metadata Two plattforms No coordination?
    22. 22. More on http://www.ifib.de and http://www.daten.bremen.de 22

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