Open Access, Preservation and eGovernment


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By Ross King and Joachim Jung

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Open Access, Preservation and eGovernment

  1. 1. Open Access and Preservationin eGovernmentCEDEM 2012 Workshop03. May 2012Ross King, Joachim Jung, Michela VignoliSafety & Security DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH
  2. 2. Workshop Agenda 16.00 1. Introduction and Presentation 16.20 2. General Discussion 16.30 3. Breakout groups A. Requirements B. Policies 17.00 4. Reports of Breakout groups 17.15 5. Discussion 17.30 6. Close03.05.2012 2
  3. 3. AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH The largest research institution (outside of the University system) in Austria Owned 50.46% by the Republic of Austria, 49.54% by a Federation of Austrian Industries Around 900 employees Five departments Industrial Very diverse research landscape commissions 30% External A “40/30/30” budget model funds Funded 30% 40% internal financing through BMVIT projects (Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology) Matching funds 40% Internal funds Independent research
  4. 4. AIT R&D Focus – Safety & Security Department FNS – Security  eGovernment  eHealth & AAL HRS – Safety  Secure energy  Safety-critical networks Soft- und Hardware  Cloud Computing DME – Safety IVS – Security  Manage massive  3D Vision volumes of data and  High Performance IVScomplex data formats  Multi-Camera Systems The four cornerstones of Safety & Security in the Electronic Universe
  5. 5. Digital Memory Engineering – AIT on the Leading Edge Through a number of national and international projects, the AIT Digital Memory Engineering group (DME) has advanced the state of the art in Digital Preservation in the areas of scalability (applying intensive computation to binary objects) and quality assurance (automated image-based error detection). In addition, DME has participated in a number of national and international initiatives:  OCG working group on long-term archiving (LZA)  Co-founder and Board Member of the Open Planets Foundation  Coordinator of the FP7 Integrated Project SCAPE  Advising EU policy through the Digital Preservation Experts Group  ISO/IEC JTC Study Group on Digital Content Management and Protection03.05.2012 image courtesy 5
  6. 6. Presentation
  7. 7. Open Access and Preservationin eGovernmentThe case for an Austrian National Data ServiceDr. Ross KingSenior ScientistSafety & Security DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH
  8. 8. Outline Arguments for Open Access Arguments for a National Data Service Existing National Data Services Next Steps Conclusions03/05/2012 8
  9. 9. Arguments for Open Access Moral Argument  Publically funded research should be publically available  Publically funded government should by publically available Pragmatic Argument  Open Access improves research efficiency  Open Access improves governmental efficiency Economic Argument  Open Access and Open Data can be the foundation of new economic growth (see for example: Graham Vickery, Review of Recent Studies on PSI Re-Use and Related Market Developments [2011].)  Is publishing today a value-adding or a rent-seeking behaviour?03.05.2012 9 image courtesy
  10. 10. Open Access – Economic Necessity? “We write to communicate an untenable situation facing the Harvard Library. … It is untenable for contracts with at least two major providers to continue on the basis identical with past agreements. Costs are now prohibitive… since faculty and graduate students are chief users, please consider the following options open to faculty and students… Make sure that all of your own papers are accessible by submitting them in accordance with the faculty-initiated open-access policies. Consider submitting articles to open-access journals, or to ones that have reasonable, sustainable subscription costs; move prestige to open access. If on the editorial board of a journal involved, determine if it can be published as open access material, or independently from publishers that practice pricing described above. If not, consider Accessed on 24.04.2012 resigning.”03.05.2012 10
  11. 11. Arguments for a National Data Service Trust  Stakeholders versus beneficiaries  Endurance over time Preservation  Traditional role of memory institutions (libraries, archives) Economics  Economies of scale  Return on investment  Planning horizon03.05.2012 image courtesy 11
  12. 12. Examples of National Data ServicesAustralia This site provides an easy way to find, access, and reuse public datasets from the Australian state and federal governments Australian National Data Service (ANDS) An infrastructure that enables national researchers to easily publish, discover, access and use research data03.05.2012 image from 12
  13. 13. Examples of National Data ServicesNetherlands The central access point to all information from government organizations of The Netherlands. (launched 2011) is the central register providing links to all open government data sets Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) This service encourages researchers to archive and reuse data in a sustained manner, e.g. through its online archiving system. It provides access to scientific datasets, e-publications and other research information.03.05.2012 13
  14. 14. Examples of National Data ServicesAustria Katalog Offene Daten Österreich began collecting openly accessible data from both governmental and science related sources Cooperation Open Government Data (OGD) Österreich Austrian State Archive03.05.2012 14
  15. 15. Next steps User requirements  Must derive from a broad spectrum of public beneficiaries Technical solutions  Should be selected based on the requirements, as well as on the lessons learned from other National Services Policies  A commitment to preserve and provide permanent access within government, the scientific community and society in general must be codified at the national policy level Funding  Initial estimate for such a service: € 20 Million03.05.2012 15
  16. 16. Conclusion Austria is considered a world leader in eGovernment There are compelling arguments for an Austrian National Data Service This service could be unique in a number of ways:  Integrate eGovernment and Research Access  Expand support for more content types • Documents (and Publications) • Raw Data but also • Structured Data (XML) • Databases • Software/Applications03.05.2012 16
  17. 17. AIT Austrian Institute of Technologyyour ingenious partnerDr. Ross KingSenior ScientistT: +43 (0) 50550 4271F: +43 (0) 50550 4150email:
  18. 18. Discussion