It’s Not an Interview;It’s a ConversationDon GobleLadue High SchoolSt. Louis, MOemail: email@example.com: www.about.me/dongobleTwitter: @dgoble2001#JEAai
Interviewing: Learning to Listen Find a connection point – relationship Make time for the interviewee - don’t be in a rush if at all possible Do not interrupt the speaker Focus on the speaker with your EYES
Interviewing: Learning to Listen Help the interviewee think through your question - Rephrase if necessary Ask questions that really let the person know you are listening – Paraphrase Don’t EVER judge a person’s answers
Interviewing: Optimal Location # 2 Takeaway! Environment/Location is CRUCIAL for a video interview! Interview should occur in the appropriate environment, if at all possible (at an event, game, somewhere near action to get reaction) Zoom your FEET not the LENS
Interviewing: Optimal Location Survey your location for possible noise distractions or interruptions (wind, cars, siren’s) Survey your location for lighting (if applicable)
Research Learn as much as you can BEFORE the interview: – Ask friends, colleagues, parents, etc. – Search the Internet (social media) BUT, once the interview begins, be CURIOUS and NAÏVE! – People won’t give you good answers if they think you already know them
Asking Questions Think about the purpose of the interview – Objective questions = facts • “How much…” • “How many…” • “What happened…” – Subjective questions = opinions • “Why……” • “Would you explain…”
Say your name and spell it! Hit record and ask them to say their name and spell it. (audio check) Now you have a record of the persons name to create graphics later. Spelling people’s names wrong = BAD!
Asking Questions # 1 Takeaway! Begin EVERY video conversation with TELL ME ABOUT! Great conversation starters begin with– TELL ME ABOUT…..– “How did..?”– “What if..?”– “Why do you..?” Ask Open-Ended questions– Cannot be answered with a yes or no response.– Do not offer a choice
Asking Questions Mirror – Tell your interviewee what you hear him or her saying, then ask, “Did I get that right? Is there more?” – Remember not to interrupt or disagree; that blocks your ability to listen. – Mirroring checks your understanding – Anything else you would like to add?
Asking Questions LISTEN more than you TALK! – Listening is more than just waiting for your turn to talk. – You are interviewing to LEARN! – If you are talking, you are not learning anything. – Use your ears more than your mouth.
Listening1. Eye contact2. Taking mental or physical notes in the person’s own words3. Involves suspension of judgment4. Is not ANALYZING what the person is saying as they are saying it.5. Create a safe space where whatever needs to happen or be said can come through.
Package the interview1. Pull only the BEST sound bites (a.k.a: quotes)1. Short, clear, concise sound bites are the best.1. Paraphrase quotes for Voiceovers or Stand- Ups.1. “Make them laugh before you make them cry” -- Les Rose and Steve Hartman (CBS News)
It’s not an Interview, it’s a Conversation!1. Focus on one issue at a time2. Be naïve3. Be tough4. Be human5. Be honest6. Empathize7. Practice interviewing!
Interviewing Styles Both interviewer and subject visible in camera shot Interviewer not visible, but heard Interviewer and subject in different locations entirely ("remote”) Interviewer not visible and not heard *Preferred
Over the Shoulder Shot Interviewer not visible and not heard *Preferred Camera is set over the shoulder of the interviewer Light ALWAYS behind the CAMERA Eye level – Sit = Sit or Stand = Stand
Role Play Interview 2 Volunteers? Find a partner and interview each otherfor the next 10 minutes
Interview Tips Plan ahead and present your project to possible interviewees as early as possible.
Interview Tips Be clear about what your project entails, what kinds of questions you’ll be asking, and what will happen to the finished product. BUT, never give your C.O.O.L. character the questions ahead of time!
Interview Tips Remember people are putting their stories in your hands, so you want to establish a level of trust and assert your own intentions to represent them fairly and accurately.
Interview Tips Be sensitive about peoples privacy and do not intrude on them if they are reluctant about any aspect of the project. Invite interviewees to become active participants in the project. Ask your subjects to tell stories.
The next 26 from Aaron Manful http://thenext26.com/the-next-26-great-les Lesson 4 – Short News Packages Zip file of lesson, scoring guide, etc.