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  1. 1. eResearch: Community of Practice and Social Media for PhD Students Denis Gillet • École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) ED-MEDIA Graduate Student Program • Toronto, Canada Friday July 2, 2010 • 2:00-2:30
  2. 2. Abstract • Discuss the potential of communities of practice, online scientific repositories and social media to conduct effective and collaborative research in Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) or related disciplines • Share your best eResearch practices with others 2
  3. 3. STELLAR Network of Excellence in Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL)
  4. 4. STELLAR • Single European Network of Excellence for Strengthening Integration and Fostering Excellence in Technology Enhanced Learning • The Open University, UK (Coordinator) • Université Joseph Fourier, FR • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, DE • University of Bristol, UK • University of Nottingham, UK • L3S Research Center, Leibniz Universität Hannover, DE • Knowledge Media Research Centre, DE • Centre for Social Innovation, AT • École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, BE • Istituto Tecnologie Didattiche, Consiglio Nazionale Ricerche, IT • Open University of the Netherlands (CELSTEC), NL • Know Centre, AT • University of Freiburg, DE • Atos Origin, ES; SCIENTER, IT • 4
  5. 5. Grand Research Challenges • Three initial interlocking challenges (interdisciplinary research clusters) in TEL • Connecting Learners Social Learning, Informal Learning, Learning Communities, Social Media, Competence Management • Orchestrating Learning New Pedagogy and Scenarios, New Roles for Learners and Educators, New Business Models for Institutions • Strengthening Contexts Formal and Informal Contexts, Physical Artifacts, Mobile Devices, Virtual and Physical Spaces, Interoperability and Reusability, (De)-Standardization 5
  6. 6. STELLAR Instruments Capacities Instruments Target Groups Leadership Meeting of Minds Executives Podcasts Integrative Researcher Theme Teams Mid Tier Researchers Incubators Early Stage researchers Rendez-vous Integrative Doctoral Doctoral CoP Integrative Academy Mobility Programme Late and mid stage Doctoral Consortia doctoral candidates Doctoral Schools Early stage (1 week) doctoral candidates Community Community Channels Stakeholder Network level Science 2.0 Platform(s) Integrative Driving and being driven by the Grand Challenges
  7. 7. Stakeholder Network
  8. 8. Communit(y/ies) of Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning
  9. 9. Community of Practice • Communities of practice (CoPs) are knowledge- oriented groups of people freely aggregated and operating as social entities (Wenger) • to share ideas or passions, deepen practical knowledge and expertise, or solve problems about a topic and develop relationships • mainly based on flat structures and driven by tacit rules, with little or no hierarchy and little or no institutional control • Trust, recognition and learning are key issues in CoPs: Members learn from each other by making their knowledge and practices explicit, sharing them with their peers, and reflecting on them 9
  10. 10. Community of Practice • Interaction in CoPs rely on time, topic or goal- oriented sessions or activities • Awareness regarding satisfaction or achievement is essential to support and sustain the activities • Members’ involvement (roles) ranges from hidden (privacy), passive, (re)active and proactive • Most CoP activity and interaction patterns evolve during its existence, including members’ profile (novice, expert, …) • CoPs operate and grow via a careful combination of face-to-face and mediated interaction 10
  11. 11. The TEL Doctoral CoP • PhD students, PhD advisors and experts in TEL share research practice and learn from each other • Reduce isolation, enable co-authoring • Establish broader discussion, co-coaching • Enable sharing of datasets and testbeds •… • Questionnaire sent to former TEL doctoral summer and winter schools participants, as well as doctoral consortia ones (EC-TEL Conference) • 72 responses collected between Nov 2009 – Feb 10, 58% Technology-oriented PhD students, 42% Education- and psychology- oriented ones 11
  12. 12. DoCoP Questionnaire • How could a DoCoP benefit you in terms of completing your doctoral studies? • What type of services would you need in the framework of the DoCoP? • Please indicate the academic and social platforms you use for professional and research work • What blogs, Wikis, Twitter channels or RSS Feeds related to TEL do you read or contribute to? • Results on SlideShare ( ) community-of-practice-in-technology-enhanced-learning-requirements 12
  13. 13. DoCoP Questionnaire 13
  14. 14. DoCoP Questionnaire 14
  15. 15. F2F DoCoP Events • Be part of the DoCoP in face-to-face events and online to interact with peers and experts and shape the community • ED-MEDIA Graduate Student Program 2010 • EC-TEL Doctoral Consortium 2010 Barcelona, September 29 ( • Winter School 2011, March 2011, French Alps • Summer School 2011, tbd, End of June • ED-MEDIA Graduate Student Program 2011 Portugal • CSCL Doctoral Consortium 2011, Hong Kong July 4-9 ( • Send an email to and you will be added in the DoCoP mailing list (include the email of your PhD advisor) 15
  16. 16. Science 2.0
  17. 17. From Science 1.0 to 2.0 • Understand Science 1.0 to shape Science 2.0 • Science 1.0 is about contributing to • common understanding and formalization • shared knowledge and practices • accepted models and methodologies • innovative, disruptive or alternative solutions to general challenges and problems •… 17
  18. 18. From Science 1.0 to 2.0 • Understand Science 1.0 to shape Science 2.0 • Science 1.0 practices • Formalization, creation, investigation, validation • Generalization and reproducibility (universal) • Publication and presentation • Peer review and discussion in expert bodies and communities • Contribution to advances by constructing or relying on previous works and achievements • Citation-based recognition and promotion 18
  19. 19. From Science 1.0 to 2.0 Science 1.0 issues Science 2.0 solutions Disconnected discussions in closed Targeted discussions in large and open communities (castes) of experts communities (blog, wiki, twitter, …) Overload of scientific production Search & recommendation for experts & and relevant conferences results (google scholar, repositories, …) Slow and biased reviews, late Immediate reactions, comments and publication, no possible revisions revision in interest groups (LinkedIn, …) Slow social network construction Smooth integration in various communities and personal recognition in silos with quick ways to get influential roles Sharing artifacts limited to papers Sharing datasets, analysis methods and (difficult access to data) grids, visualization solutions Research carried out individually or Collaborative distributed works with more in small teams co-authoring opportunities Selective, publisher dictatorship, Open, democratic, timely, … anachronistic, … Academic practice resilience !
  20. 20. From Science 1.0 to 2.0 • For more thoughts on Science 2.0 • Google Scholar • Wikipedia • SlideShare (“Science 2.0”, “Erik Duval”, …) • science-2-0-approach-to-research/ •… 20
  21. 21. Science 2.0 Platforms • THE STELLAR Open Archive ( • can be automatically fed by your institution 21
  22. 22. Science 2.0 Platforms • Mendeley: Academic reference management software for researchers ( • Most read versus most cited paper approach ;-) 22
  23. 23. TELeurope Dashboard 23
  24. 24. Take Home Question • How can you better support your research practices and reach higher scientific achievements by relaying on relevant communities and suitable social media ? • The answer is yours ! • Share your feeling now … 24
  25. 25. Contact & Links • • • • • 25