Hot or Cold
Welcome to Minnesota

Allina Health EMS
• Objectives:
• Explain the four ways the body loses heat
• Describe the signs and symptoms of a patient with:
•
•
•
•

He...
• Convection
• Lost to surrounding air

• Radiation
• Heat pulled away from body by objects without touching them

• Respi...
Heat Stress
Allina Health EMS
• Heat Exhaustion
•
•
•
•
•

Safety/BSI
Perform Primary Survey and ensure ABCs
Remove from heat
Loosen or remove excess cl...
• Heat Stroke
•
•
•
•

Safety/BSI
Perform Primary Survey to ensure ABCs
Rapidly cool the patient
Apply ice packs in arm pi...
Dehydration
Allina Health EMS
• Signs and symptoms:
•
•
•
•
•
•

Altered mental status
Abnormal pulse (First fast then slow)
Lack of coordination
Muscle...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Safety/BSI
Perform Primary Survey and ensure ABCs
Remove from cold environment
Protect from further heat ...
•
•
•
•

Any water event
Always suspect spinal injury if unconscious
Airway, Airway, Airway
Ventilation, Ventilation, Vent...
• I hope you appreciate the training you have and the EMS
and hospital systems we have
• Watch the first person doing comp...
• Hot or Cold
• Remember:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Safety and BSI
ABCs and life threats
Mechanism of Injury or Nature of Illness = S...
Thanks For Your
Time
Allina Health EMS
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AHEMS Environmental Emergencies

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This is a narrated slide show on Environmental Emergencies by David Gammell with Allina Health EMS

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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AHEMS Environmental Emergencies

  1. 1. Hot or Cold Welcome to Minnesota Allina Health EMS
  2. 2. • Objectives: • Explain the four ways the body loses heat • Describe the signs and symptoms of a patient with: • • • • Heat exhaustion Heat stroke Hypothermia Drowning • Explain the appropriate assessment and care for a patient who is experiencing an environmental emergency Objectives Allina Health EMS
  3. 3. • Convection • Lost to surrounding air • Radiation • Heat pulled away from body by objects without touching them • Respiration • Exhaled air exits the body and takes the heat with it • Evaporation • Perspiration moves from liquid to vapor and pulls heat from the body • Conduction • Heat is removed from an object it is touching Heat Loss Allina Health EMS
  4. 4. Heat Stress Allina Health EMS
  5. 5. • Heat Exhaustion • • • • • Safety/BSI Perform Primary Survey and ensure ABCs Remove from heat Loosen or remove excess clothing Cool the patient but do not allow shivering Treatment Allina Health EMS
  6. 6. • Heat Stroke • • • • Safety/BSI Perform Primary Survey to ensure ABCs Rapidly cool the patient Apply ice packs in arm pits, groin, behind knee and around ankles • Provide oxygen as needed • Monitor vital signs Treatment Allina Health EMS
  7. 7. Dehydration Allina Health EMS
  8. 8. • Signs and symptoms: • • • • • • Altered mental status Abnormal pulse (First fast then slow) Lack of coordination Muscle rigidity Impaired judgment Complaints of joint/muscle stiffness Hypothermia Allina Health EMS
  9. 9. • • • • • • • • Safety/BSI Perform Primary Survey and ensure ABCs Remove from cold environment Protect from further heat loss Remove wet clothing and cover with dry warm blankets Administer oxygen is needed Monitor vital signs Do not give anything by mouth Hypothermia Treatment Allina Health EMS
  10. 10. • • • • Any water event Always suspect spinal injury if unconscious Airway, Airway, Airway Ventilation, Ventilation, Ventilation Drowning Allina Health EMS
  11. 11. • I hope you appreciate the training you have and the EMS and hospital systems we have • Watch the first person doing compressions • Compression only CPR • Pay attention to the skin color as the arrest progresses • Title say “Almost” so I think he survives? Drowning = CPR Allina Health EMS
  12. 12. • Hot or Cold • Remember: • • • • • • • Safety and BSI ABCs and life threats Mechanism of Injury or Nature of Illness = Spinal Vital Signs SAMPLE Head –to -Toe Exam Re-assessment Review Allina Health EMS
  13. 13. Thanks For Your Time Allina Health EMS

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