ASHFORD PSY 326 Entire Course (Research Methods) PLEASE DOWNLOAD HERETopic Selection. This week you will select a topic you want to study and the areaof psychological research that will be used to study this topic, for the Final Paper.For example, you may identify alcoholism as the topic and biopsychology as theresearch area. You should also indicate why this topic is of interest to you. Youwill ultimately review a research study in this area for your Final Paper so it isimportant to choose an area of interest.The following list provides acceptable topic areas that should be applicable toresearch across these disciplines, but you may also propose another topic thatinterests you.1. Drug Addiction2. Schizophrenia3. Learning4. Memory5. Intelligence6. Attraction7. DepressionYou will then choose one of the following research areas to study your topic:1. Biopsychology2. Cognitive Psychology3. Developmental Psychology4. Social Psychology5. Clinical PsychologySubmit your research topic and explain why you have decided to focus on thisparticular topic for your Final Paper. The paper should introduce the importanceof the topic and your thesis should be clearly stated. Be sure to include aconclusion as well.
The paper should be one to two pages in length (excluding title and referencepages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford WritingCenter. You should cite at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed source that waspublished within the last five years that supports the importance of your topicselection. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit theAshford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the leftnavigation toolbar in your online course.Establishing Reliability and Validity. You are a psychologist working for aconsulting firm that specializes in survey development. Your firm has beencontacted by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (M.A.D.D.) to develop a survey thatwill identify teenagers who are at-risk for driving while intoxicated. M.A.D.D. hasprovided a list of questions that its research suggests will help to identify riskfactors contributing to this behavior. M.A.D.D. needs your firm to work with itsmembers to establish reliability and validity of this survey so that they can beginusing it to establish risk in young adults across the nation. In a two to three pagepaper (excluding title and reference pages), discuss the steps that you would taketo establish reliability and validity of this survey. Be sure to describe the type(s) ofreliability and validity that you are attempting to establish as part of yourconsulting project.Your paper should include an introduction to these concepts, a clearly statedthesis for the development project, and a conclusion.You must use two to three scholarly, peer-reviewed sources published within thelast five years, from the Ashford University Library to support your discussion inthis assignment. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials,visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on theleft navigation toolbar in your online course.Research Study and Method. This week, you will submit a one to two pagepaper (excluding title and reference pages) that discusses the research study youwill critique for your Final Paper. The research study you choose to critique must:1. Be an actual research study, not a review.2. Contain a literature review of research related to the topic.3. Have a clearly stated research question (or questions) and a hypothesis.4. Collect data for analysis.5. Conduct some type of analysis on the data collected.6. Interpret the results of the analysis.7. Discuss the implications of the results of the study.
It is important that you complete all of the components of the assignment thisweek so that your instructor can provide you with feedback, which you will use tocomplete the Final Paper.Your paper should contain the following:1. An introduction that includes the hypothesis, methods, and results of this study.2. A summary of the study.3. An explanation of how this study is consistent with the topic and disciplinesubmitted in Week One.4. A conclusion.5. All references must be cited according to APA guidelines as outlined in theAshford Writing Center.6. Two scholarly, peer-reviewed sources published within the last five years, notincluding the course text. One of these sources will be the research study thatyou are discussing.The Final Paper for this course is a Research Study Critique. For this assignment,utilize the topic and the research methodology approved by the instructor in WeekOne of the course and the selected peer-reviewed published research study onyour topic from Week Three. You will then go through each section of theresearch study and critique not only the research but also how the research ispresented. In many cases, the research is done well, but it is written or presentedin a way that is misleading or confusing. Consequently, it is important to evaluateboth the research and its presentation. This will allow you to apply the conceptslearned in the class to the interpretation of actual scientific research.The research study that you chose to critique must:1. Be an actual research study, not a review.2. Contain a literature review of research related to the topic.3. Have a clearly stated research question (or questions) and a hypothesis.4. Collect data for analysis.5. Conduct some type of analysis on the data collected.6. Interpret the results of the analysis.7. Discuss the implications of the results of the study.
Your Final Paper should be eight to ten pages in length, excluding title andreference pages, and formatted according to APA style with citations from aminimum of six to eight scholarly, peer-reviewed sources that were publishedwithin the last five years. Please refer to the Ashford University Library andWriting Center for more information on APA and scholarly sources.Follow the instructions described below to organize and write your paper. TheFinal Paper must contain all of the components found in an actual publishedresearch study. In each section the content of the paper will be summarized andthen critiqued using the knowledge that you have obtained in this course.Writing the Final PaperThe Research Study Critique must contain the following sections:I.IntroductionThe introduction section will provide a general introduction to the topic, and willexplain why this topic and discipline were chosen. The research study beingcritiqued will also be introduced in this section.II. Literature ReviewIn this section, the literature that the author of the study introduced will bediscussed. The critique of this section will be focused on the relevance of thestudies reviewed and any biases that are evident in the review. Most researchcontains various perspectives of the subject. The critique should indicate if someresearch was excluded from the review, and it should discuss whether or not theexclusion impacts the interpretation of the review.III. MethodsIn this section, the research method and statistical approaches for the study willbe presented. This section should discuss all information that is relevant to theexperimental design and should include the following: the approach (qualitative orquantitative), the design experimental, quasi-experimental etc., sampling method,sample size, variables (independent and dependent), measures of the variables,statistical tests, and any assumptions noted on the part of the researcher. In thissection, you should provide a critique of all of these factors and suggestalternatives when appropriate.IV. ResultsIn this section, the results of the analysis performed in this study should bepresented and critiqued. It is also appropriate to discuss limitations or critique theinterpretation of the results provided in each study.
V. DiscussionIn this section, overall efficacy of this study will be evaluated. The strengths andweaknesses of this study should be evaluated and other directions that theresearcher could have gone in should be discussed. Finally, the interpretationand future directions proposed by the author of the study should be summarizedand critiqued as well.Week 1 DQ1Research EthicsThis discussion has two options. Please choose either Option A or Option B torespond to. Be sure you indicate within your post which option you chose.For both options, review the American Psychological Association EthicalPrincipals of Psychologists and Code of Conduct before responding:Option A:The ethics of animal research continues to be one of the most debated topics inpsychological research. Watch theAnimal Testing by Big Tobacco – The MouseHouse video and review theCommittee for Animal Research and Ethics(C.A.R.E.) guidelines developed by the APA. Then answer the followingquestions:If these guidelines are adhered to should animal research be allowed? Be sure touse the guidelines to defend your position on the topic. If allowed, should animalresearch be limited to research that investigates cures for terminal illnesses, orshould they continue to be used in any Institutional Review Board (I.R.B.)approved research? How is using animals for research any different than usinganimals for food?Option B:Human research is common in the field of psychology, which raises many ethicalquestions. For this discussion, review theStanford Prison Experiment slideshow.Respond to the following:If a question must be answered that has significant negative psychological impacton the subject, such as in the Stanford prison study, is it more ethical to usehuman or animal subjects? Are there some research questions that should simplynot be evaluated because of the potential for negative psychological impact theresearch would have on the human subjects?Week 1 DQ2
Much of scientific inquiry is focused on developing and evaluating theories. Thereare four major criteria that are used to evaluate theories that are presented inyour text:Explains the past; predicts the future Testable and falsifiable ParsimoniousPromotes researchWhen evaluating a theory, which of these criteria do you think is the mostimportant, the least important, and why? Do all of these criteria need to besatisfied for the theory to be considered a valid or good theory?Week 2 DQ1Research DesignYou have been approached by a pharmaceutical company that has developed anew drug, which is supposed to be effective in the treatment of schizophrenia.Before mass producing the drug, the company wants to be sure that the new drugis more effective than the one they are currently producing. The company hashired you to design a research study to determine the effectiveness of the newdrug in comparison to the old one.Discuss what research design you would use for this study and why. Be sure toinclude a brief overview of the study and how you would determine theeffectiveness of one drug over the other.Week 2 DQ2Hypothesis TestingUse the study you designed in the previous Discussion (Research Design) tocomplete this discussion question. Based on the study you designed, define the 5steps of hypothesis testing as follows:Step 1: State the hypothesis.Step 2: Collect the data – For the purpose of this discussion, you will state howyou would collect the data.Step 3: Calculate statistics – For the purpose of this discussion, you will indicatethe statistics you would use.Step 4: Compare to a critical value – For the purpose of this discussion, you willindicate where you would set the alpha value and why. Note: Step 4 ishypothetical as you are not actually conducting a statistical analysis.
Consequently, you will choose if the results of your hypothetical analysis areabove or below the critical value.Step 5: Make a decision – For the purpose of this discussion, you will make aconclusion based on the hypothetical results from Step 4. Be sure to include arecommendation on the effectiveness of the new drug based on the results.Week 3 DQ1Descriptive ResearchBriefly discuss the three descriptive designs (i.e., case studies, archival research,and observational research) presented in the reading this week. Be sure todiscuss the strengths and weaknesses associated with each approach. Which ofthese three approaches do you think is the best descriptive design and why?Finally, indicate the types of research testing where each of these designs wouldbe effective.Week 3 DQ2Data DescriptionThis discussion question has two parts. Be sure to address both parts in yourpost.Chapter 3 introduces different methods that can be used to describe data.Discuss why describing data is such an important part of the research process.Why are there different methods that can be used to describe data? Do themethods used depend on the type of research design that is utilized, or it is afunction of the data that is collected? Explain your reasoning. Visit the AshfordUniversity Library and select a quantitative research study. Identify and describethe method(s) used to describe the data in this study. Was/were the appropriatemethod(s) identified, in your opinion? Could other methods have been used todescribe the data in this study? Be sure to properly cite the study you chosewithin your post.Week 4 DQ1Survey ResearchChoose a research area that you would like to learn more about. Briefly design astudy, using one of the survey approaches introduced in the reading this week.The research design should include the type of sampling you will use and whyyou have chosen this approach to study the topic. Regardless of the method youchoose, include two sample questions that will be part of your study. Indicate whyeach of these would be good questions, based on the principles presented thisweek. What are the ethical concerns associated with your question or approach?
Finally, suggest ways to improve the response rate or participation levels in yourstudy.Week 4 DQ2Data AnalysisAssume that you have conducted the research study which you proposed for thefirst discussion question this week, and that you now have the data. Which of themethods used for analyzing survey data would you use to analyze this data andwhy? Be sure to explain why the approach that you are proposing for the dataanalysis is consistent with the survey research method that you employed and thedata you obtained.Week 5 DQ1Experimental versus Quasi-ExperimentalDiscuss the major differences between experimental and quasi-experimentaldesigns. Be sure to address the relationship of variable manipulation to each ofthese designs and the different types of manipulations that may be used. Whatdictates the design (i.e., experimental versus quasi-experimental) and the type ofmanipulation used in a research study?Week 5 DQ2Internal and External ValidityWhen conducting experimental research, interpretation of an experiment’s resultscan be greatly influenced by its internal and external validity. Discuss theimportance of external and internal validity and some of the threats to each ofthese. What is the impact of having one type of validity but not the other? If youcould only have one type of validity in your experiment, which would it be andwhy?