Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Training and Assessing University Teachers for Teaching in English:
An International Survey of Universities’ Needs and Pra...
Presentation Outline
• What is English Medium
Instruction (EMI)?
• Outline of the European Survey
on EMI
• Presentation of...
• What is EMI?
• The use of the English language to teach academic subjects in countries
where the first language (L1) of ...
• Why has English medium instruction (EMI) become so
important in European universities?
• To support the internationaliza...
• Challenges and questions for universities
• Is English a danger for local languages and cultures (Phillipson, 2015) ?
• ...
• A survey of training and accreditation for teachers of EMI:
• Objectives:
• 1) to gain an overview of how European unive...
Who responded to the survey?
• Representatives of 70 European
universities
– Spain (22 universities)
– 10 other European c...
Yes, a small number of
subjects in English
33%
Yes, a large number of
subjects in English
21%
Yes, some subjects in
Englis...
0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00%
1
2
3
4
5
How important
is the issue of training teachers to ...
Issues and Concerns related to EMI
Issues of concern related to EMI Example comments from respondents
Level of Teachers’ c...
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%
General communicative skills
Microteaching
Methodology of Bilingual Education
Cogni...
B2
44%
C1
43%
C2
13%
Minimum English level required at your university
to teach through English?
• Are teachers required to certify or accredit their methodological skills in EMI?
• Yes: 40% - No: 60%
Approach to certif...
Conclusions from the survey (1)
• A need for greater attention to the whole issue of training teaching staff
in EMI
• Many...
Conclusions from the survey (2)
• English-level required:
• Remarkable the lack of consensus about the minimum level of En...
Training & Accreditation at the University of León
• Training:
– 30 hour EMI course at the University
of León (methodology...
Training in EMI at the University of León
• Coleman, James A. 2006. “English-medium teaching in European Higher
Education.” Language Teaching 39 (1): 1–14.
• Dearde...
Thank you!
Read more about the survey:
• Contact: robert.odowd@unileon.es
• See this presentation again: http://www.slides...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Training & Accreditation of EMI Teachers

1,349 views

Published on

My presentation at Maynooth University's conference on English & Multilingualism in 21st Century Europe: https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/english-multilingualism-21st-century-europe

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Training & Accreditation of EMI Teachers

  1. 1. Training and Assessing University Teachers for Teaching in English: An International Survey of Universities’ Needs and Practices Robert O’Dowd University of León, Spain robert.odowd@unileon.es Publications: http://unileon.academia.edu/RobertODowd Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/dfmro Twitter: robodowd Skype: robodowd UNICollaboration: www.uni-collaboration.eu
  2. 2. Presentation Outline • What is English Medium Instruction (EMI)? • Outline of the European Survey on EMI • Presentation of Results • Conclusions from survey • Example of training and accreditation at a Spanish university
  3. 3. • What is EMI? • The use of the English language to teach academic subjects in countries where the first language (L1) of the majority of the population is not English (Dearden, 2015) • Rise in the numbers of courses completely taught in English in EHEA: – 725 in 2001 – 2,389 in 2007 – 8,089 in 2014 Wächter, B. and Maiworm, F. 2008. “English-Taught Programmes in European Higher Education. The state of play in 2014”.
  4. 4. • Why has English medium instruction (EMI) become so important in European universities? • To support the internationalization of universities • To make study programmes more accessible to international students • To improve the foreign language skills of local students • To enhance the international prestige and mobility of academic staff (Coleman, 2006; Dearden, 2015)
  5. 5. • Challenges and questions for universities • Is English a danger for local languages and cultures (Phillipson, 2015) ? • Will EMI cause a loss of authentic cultural experiences for visiting international students (Coleman, 2006)? • Will local students struggle to follow subjects taught through a language which is not their own? • Are teachers capable of teaching content in the second language? (Dearden, 2015; Halbach and Lázaro, 2015)
  6. 6. • A survey of training and accreditation for teachers of EMI: • Objectives: • 1) to gain an overview of how European university teachers are being trained in order to teach in English • 2) to identify the requirements and standards teachers are expected to meet in order to engage in EMI • Disseminated in Spanish and English by: – the Compostela Group of Universities – the Santander Group of Universities and – the Languages for Intercultural Communication and Mobility group (LICOM) of the European Association of International Education (EAIE)
  7. 7. Who responded to the survey? • Representatives of 70 European universities – Spain (22 universities) – 10 other European countries: including Austria, Italy, Sweden, Holland, Germany and France • Different roles of respondents: – Directors of Language Centers – Heads of International offices – Vice rectors of international affairs – coordinators of university bilingual programmes.
  8. 8. Yes, a small number of subjects in English 33% Yes, a large number of subjects in English 21% Yes, some subjects in English as well as complete undergraduate/ postgraduate courses 39% No, no subjects are offered in English 7% Is your university currently offering subjects which are taught through English?
  9. 9. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00% 1 2 3 4 5 How important is the issue of training teachers to teach in English at your university? ('1'='not important at all, '5'='very important'.)
  10. 10. Issues and Concerns related to EMI Issues of concern related to EMI Example comments from respondents Level of Teachers’ competence in English (22 mentions) Teaching through English needs a high command of English - there are teachers who need training to obtain this high command. Level of Students’ competence in English (16 mentions) Probably the main issue is the level of English our students bring to the University. This makes it harder for them to follow classes in English. Lack of training and support for teachers in EMI (10 mentions) The university administration officially supports internationalization. But there is little financial or didactic support… Threat to local language and culture (6 mentions) One of the key missions of the University consists in preserving the local language; teaching through (obviously imperfect) English might represent a threat to the richness of the local culture. Drop in standards of teaching when in English (6 mentions) Some argue that the quality of teaching through a language other than their mother tongue will be severely affected.
  11. 11. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% General communicative skills Microteaching Methodology of Bilingual Education Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency What elements do your training courses include?
  12. 12. B2 44% C1 43% C2 13% Minimum English level required at your university to teach through English?
  13. 13. • Are teachers required to certify or accredit their methodological skills in EMI? • Yes: 40% - No: 60% Approach to certifying teachers to teach through English Example comments from respondents Only Teachers’ linguistic competence is evaluated Se evalúa la capacidad lingüística, no la metodológica [Linguistic competence is evaluated, but not methodological competence] Participation in non-compulsory or non-evaluated methodology courses The teachers are offered a CLIL course, but it is not compulsory Linguistic and teaching methodology are evaluated They have to undergo a practical and theoretical evaluation assessmet so as to demostrate their ability and capacity to teach the subjects of their fields Evaluation of teachers’ previous experience and qualifications Teachers who apply to take part in the plurilingual development programme must submit detailed information about their teaching and academic experience in a foreign language Evaluation by students attending classes A través de una plataforma virtual en donde los profesores son evaluados por los alumnos. [Teachers are evaluated by their students in an online platform]
  14. 14. Conclusions from the survey (1) • A need for greater attention to the whole issue of training teaching staff in EMI • Many different approaches to EMI training: The majority of institutions provide training in communicative skills, almost half of the programmes omit bilingual teaching methodology completely. – Teaching subjects through English is much more than simply translating class content into a second language (Cots, 2013; Dafouz et al, 2007) – Teachers should not be expected to work out the skills of teaching through English intuitively. – Dearden: “We may ask how students are supposed to understand lectures and classes if the EMI teacher does not help with their knowledge of English by paraphrasing, by teaching subject-specific vocabulary and technical terms” (2015: 28).
  15. 15. Conclusions from the survey (2) • English-level required: • Remarkable the lack of consensus about the minimum level of English for EMI: Minimum level ranges from B2 (43%) to C2 (13%) • Need for common guidelines across the whole European Higher Education Area • Halbach and Lázaro (2015) question whether a B2 level is sufficient to teach class at university level • Significant differences in accreditation processes: • Many institutions do not have any formal accreditation process: – Some rely on evidence of teachers’ communicative competence – Others require that teaching and linguistic competence be demonstrated through the completion of a formal evaluation process. • Research needed in developing descriptors of what teaching in English should involve
  16. 16. Training & Accreditation at the University of León • Training: – 30 hour EMI course at the University of León (methodology + language) – Two-week intensive EMI course at Dublin City University (http://www.english.dcu.ie/third- level) • Accreditation: – C1 level in English – Completion of training courses – Evaluated class
  17. 17. Training in EMI at the University of León
  18. 18. • Coleman, James A. 2006. “English-medium teaching in European Higher Education.” Language Teaching 39 (1): 1–14. • Dearden, J. 2015. “English as a medium of instruction – a growing global phenomenon.” Available online here: http://www.britishcouncil.org/education/ihe/knowledge-centre/english-language- higher-education/report-english-medium-instruction • Halbach, A. & Lázaro, A. 2015. “La acreditación del nivel de lengua inglesa en las universidades españolas: Actualización 2015.” Available online here: http://www.britishcouncil.es/sites/britishcouncil.es/files/british-council-la- acreditacion-del-nivel-de-lengua-inglesa.pdf • Wächter, B. and Maiworm, F. 2008. “English-Taught Programmes in European Higher Education. The state of play in 2014”. Bonn: Lemmens. Available online here: http://www.lemmens.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Verlag/Buecher/ACA_Download _PDFs/2014_English_Taught.pdf
  19. 19. Thank you! Read more about the survey: • Contact: robert.odowd@unileon.es • See this presentation again: http://www.slideshare.net/dfmro • Read and download the survey report: • https://unileon.academia.edu/RobertODowd

×