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Cambodia

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World Hist

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Cambodia

  1. 1. Cambodia andCambodia and Pol Pot’sPol Pot’s Killing FieldsKilling Fields
  2. 2. 1975: “A New Epoch” in1975: “A New Epoch” in civilizationcivilization • A Racially Pure UTOPIA • Purge enemies of the state 1/4 of the population is estimated to have been killed • The Youth (age 12 or younger) into KillersThe Youth (age 12 or younger) into Killers • Cut-off from familiesCut-off from families • Society against family/gov.Society against family/gov. • An attempt to surpass Mao’sAn attempt to surpass Mao’s Great LeapGreat Leap
  3. 3. • U.S. bombingU.S. bombing raids onraids on civilians de-civilians de- stabilized thestabilized the governmentgovernment • CambodianCambodian CommunistsCommunists • April 1975 theApril 1975 the Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge enters capitalenters capital Vietnam War and the Ho ChiVietnam War and the Ho Chi Min TrailMin Trail
  4. 4. • Cities were “tainted”: full of deviations andCities were “tainted”: full of deviations and lapses of virtuelapses of virtue • Cities emptied out in 1 week. 60% ofCities emptied out in 1 week. 60% of population exiled from residencepopulation exiled from residence • Peasant farmers vs. city folksPeasant farmers vs. city folks • ““Enemies of the People” (eyeglasses,Enemies of the People” (eyeglasses, books)books) • Hoes were used as method of executionHoes were used as method of execution 1975: Khmer Rouge enters capital1975: Khmer Rouge enters capital
  5. 5. 1975: Khmer Rouge enters capital1975: Khmer Rouge enters capital
  6. 6. Pol Pot &Pol Pot & The Democratic KampucheaThe Democratic Kampuchea • Pol Pot an assumed namePol Pot an assumed name • Obscured and UnknownObscured and Unknown • No statues, no omnipresentNo statues, no omnipresent photsphots • Own family was shockedOwn family was shocked
  7. 7. Pol Pot, Stalin, Hitler,Pol Pot, Stalin, Hitler, MaoMao
  8. 8. The Year ZeroThe Year Zero
  9. 9. Utopia andUtopia and the New Societythe New Society • ““Losing you is not a loss; keeping you isLosing you is not a loss; keeping you is not a gain.”not a gain.” • Cut the country off from the WorldCut the country off from the World • Money was abolishedMoney was abolished • Total collectivizationTotal collectivization • All Cambodians ordered to wear blackAll Cambodians ordered to wear black clothesclothes • Religion, writing, and education allReligion, writing, and education all disappeareddisappeared • Only arranged marriages approved byOnly arranged marriages approved by Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
  10. 10. The Killing Fields:The Killing Fields: Pits where bodies were thrownPits where bodies were thrown
  11. 11. The Killing FieldsThe Killing Fields • Collapse of agriculture led to famine andCollapse of agriculture led to famine and cannibalismcannibalism • Purged itselfPurged itself • 1997 Pol Pot arrested for treason1997 Pol Pot arrested for treason • 1998 died in the jungle1998 died in the jungle • The skeletons of the killing fields todayThe skeletons of the killing fields today

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