The Middle
Ages
A.K.A. The medieval Times.

By Edwin Huynh 5/6C
What are the Middle Ages?
The Middle Ages is a period of 10 centuries starting
from the year 400AD all the way till the 15...
Castles
A castle is a fort holding
residences and noble people.
Castles usually have thick stone
walls used to defend thes...
Construction of Castles

Before the construction of the castle begins, the king decides to select a spot to build the
cast...
Construction of Castles
After more people participate to join in the kingdom, they begin building the castle

Get on
with ...
Construction of Castles
After the castle is built, they dig out the moat.

Moat
Construction of Castles
The moat is filled with water.

Wate
r

Fill it
with
water!

Looks like an
excellent
swimming
pool...
Castle Interior

Liquid
Grapes™

Moat
The most, usually
filled with water is
used to stop
people getting
into the castle

...
Castle Interior

Cathedral
This is a place of
praise and
worship. The
cathedral is
commonly
associated with
he bishop.

Vi...
Castle Interior

Well
The well is used
o collect water,
which is usually
used for drinking
and washing.

Liquid
Grapes™

s...
Parts of armor
Helmet
Helmets are used to
protect the head,
particularly when
projectiles like arrows and
cannonballs are ...
Parts of armor

Pauldrons
The pauldron was worn to
protect the shoulder area,
sometimes covering a
portion of the back.

C...
Armor Material

Cloth
Cloth is used
particularly for
decoration uses and
can possibly be
attached to
weapons and
shields.
...
Armor Material

Embroidery
Embroidery made
out of gold or even
diamonds were
engraved onto
armor to make it
look more roya...
Hand Assault

Sword
The sword was a
well-known weapon
used by many
soldiers. It is used to
stab, slice and
puncture
object...
Hand Assault

Crossbow
The crossbow was
an advanced version
of the bow which
launched arrows a lot
more forcefully and
eff...
Siege Assault

Catapult
The catapult was
used to launch
projectiles, especially
stones and pieces of
metal towards castle,...
Becoming a Knight
Step One: Wait
Once a child was born, he or she would be cared
by their mother before becoming seven yea...
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The middle ages

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The middle ages

  1. 1. The Middle Ages A.K.A. The medieval Times. By Edwin Huynh 5/6C
  2. 2. What are the Middle Ages? The Middle Ages is a period of 10 centuries starting from the year 400AD all the way till the 1500s! That’s an amazingly huge amount of time! The middle ages was when knights in suits of shining armour fought each other in furious battles risking their life to protect their kingdom! There were castles and catapults, all very exciting inventions back then.
  3. 3. Castles A castle is a fort holding residences and noble people. Castles usually have thick stone walls used to defend these residences from fierce battles. Castles are huge and have many parts in it including a village, a moat and turrets!
  4. 4. Construction of Castles Before the construction of the castle begins, the king decides to select a spot to build the castle Let’s build the castle here! Great spot, Sir! I agree!
  5. 5. Construction of Castles After more people participate to join in the kingdom, they begin building the castle Get on with the work guys! Commandin g seems like fun…
  6. 6. Construction of Castles After the castle is built, they dig out the moat. Moat
  7. 7. Construction of Castles The moat is filled with water. Wate r Fill it with water! Looks like an excellent swimming pool!
  8. 8. Castle Interior Liquid Grapes™ Moat The most, usually filled with water is used to stop people getting into the castle Drawbridge The drawbridge is a bridge that can be opened or closed using pulleys made out of ropes or chains. Turrets These stone towers on the corners of the castle are used for archers/snipers to shoot down enemy soldiers.
  9. 9. Castle Interior Cathedral This is a place of praise and worship. The cathedral is commonly associated with he bishop. Village/ Houses This is where supporting people and soldiers live in. Liquid Grapes™ Tavern/Bar This building is basically a ‘refreshment place’ for residents and soldiers. People eat and drink here. Forge The forge is basically the blacksmith’s workshop where he crafts armor and weaponry for the soldiers.
  10. 10. Castle Interior Well The well is used o collect water, which is usually used for drinking and washing. Liquid Grapes™ s Ornament Ornaments are used to make castles look more royal and expensive usually to intimidate Throne Room A very ornate place, where the king, queen, etc. live in. They eat, drink, sleep and make formal speeches. Stable This is where the horses are taken care of. Cavalry soldiers use the horses in here.
  11. 11. Parts of armor Helmet Helmets are used to protect the head, particularly when projectiles like arrows and cannonballs are being used. Left Hand: Assault A weapon (usually a sword or dagger) is used to attack opposing soldiers. Gauntlet The gauntlet is a leather or iron ‘glove’ which is worn on the hand to protect it. Right Hand: Defending Usually a shield or hard gauntlet is used to defend the knight himself/herself. Gaiters Gaiters is a ‘fancy word’ for leggings which protects your legs and feet. These are usually made of iron.
  12. 12. Parts of armor Pauldrons The pauldron was worn to protect the shoulder area, sometimes covering a portion of the back. Chestplate The chestplate is used to protect your abdomen from incoming attacks. Boots This is used to protect feet from rough surfaces and falling down long depths.
  13. 13. Armor Material Cloth Cloth is used particularly for decoration uses and can possibly be attached to weapons and shields. Leather Leather is used in some low-quality armor however more people prefer using leather for gloves and boots. Metal Usually bronze or steel, metals are a popular choice for armory because it is durable and hard. Its shiny texture also increases its popularity.
  14. 14. Armor Material Embroidery Embroidery made out of gold or even diamonds were engraved onto armor to make it look more royal and expensive. Accessories Accessories were added to armor to make it look more graceful and unique. These accessories can compose of feathers, gems or emblems. Engravings Pictures, words or numbers were engraved into armor for luck, commemoration or grace.
  15. 15. Hand Assault Sword The sword was a well-known weapon used by many soldiers. It is used to stab, slice and puncture objects/soldiers. Flail The flail was a commonly used weapon by heavily armed and skilled soldiers. It is used like a whip but instead with a spiked ball on the end which can be used for heavy assault. Lance The lance was basically the advanced sword which was used when charging into enemies. Cavalry soldiers also used lances a lot.
  16. 16. Hand Assault Crossbow The crossbow was an advanced version of the bow which launched arrows a lot more forcefully and efficiently. Hammer A very heavy weapon used to crush buildings and soldiers’ armour. The hammer was also a defensive weapon. Battleaxe Rather than the ordinary woodchopping axes, battleaxes are used to attack opposing soldiers.
  17. 17. Siege Assault Catapult The catapult was used to launch projectiles, especially stones and pieces of metal towards castle, destroying walls and buildings. Battering Ram A very heavy weapon which used the front of the ‘log’ to crush buildings and soldiers’ armour. Ballista The ballista was a large-scale version of the crossbow, firing a large spear having a rope attached to the rear of the spear. This acted like a ‘grappling hook’.
  18. 18. Becoming a Knight Step One: Wait Once a child was born, he or she would be cared by their mother before becoming seven years old. When they were seven, they could be trained. Step Two: Page When they were seven, they were given the title of a page. This meant real huntsmen and falconers taught them how to hunt. They also learnt religion and performed practice battles with wooden weapons. Step Three: Squire The page was given the title of a page at the age of fourteen. Being a squire, he could assist real knights in quests or battles. Step Four: Knight At the age of 21, the squire could then become a real knight himself and help defend their kingdom.

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