Government in OhioSenior Honors Government
We’ll Discuss…• Structure of state government• Types of local governments• State and local government powers
Established in 1803STATE GOVERNMENT
Structure of Ohio Government• Set up by Ohio Constitution  (original in 1802)• Re-written 1851 (lots of  debt; little chec...
What’s In It?• Bill of Rights (almost  identical to Federal; includes  the right to alter, reform or  abolish government)•...
Ohio General AssemblyOhio House                       Ohio Senate• Elected to a two-year term     • Elected to a four-year...
Judicial Branch        • Ohio Supreme Court           – Elected to 6-year terms           – Age limit is 70           – Ch...
Executive Branch• Includes the governor, lieutenant governor,  secretary of state, treasurer of state, auditor  of state, ...
Major State Government Powers• Education (funding &  curriculum)• Worker’s compensation &  unemployment• LotteryShared w/ ...
Gets authority from state government; authority can be revokedLOCAL GOVERNMENT
Types of Local Governments•   County•   Township•   Town Meeting (Direct Democracy)•   Municipality    – City    – Town   ...
County• Largest subdivision of  state government• In rural areas, county  governments play a very  important role• In urba...
Hamilton County Services•   Law enforcement (police, criminal justice, 911)•   Board of Elections (entire county)•   Engin...
Townships     • Subdivision of the county     • Limited home rule     • Supported through       property taxes     • Can n...
City Government• Has a legal charter from  the state (called  incorporation)
Ohio Municipalities• Village: under  5,000 residents; at  least 4 mi. sq.• City: over 5,000  and at least 4 mi.  sq.• Seve...
Types of City Governments• Strong mayor (veto &  appointment powers)• Weak Mayor (no  appointment or budget  powers)  – Ex...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Government in Ohio

504 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
504
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
26
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Government in Ohio

  1. 1. Government in OhioSenior Honors Government
  2. 2. We’ll Discuss…• Structure of state government• Types of local governments• State and local government powers
  3. 3. Established in 1803STATE GOVERNMENT
  4. 4. Structure of Ohio Government• Set up by Ohio Constitution (original in 1802)• Re-written 1851 (lots of debt; little checks & balances)• 1912 Revision: initiative, referendum, granted the governor a line-item veto in appropriation bills, max. hours, min. wage, and a workers compensation system
  5. 5. What’s In It?• Bill of Rights (almost identical to Federal; includes the right to alter, reform or abolish government)• Structure (3 branches)• Election process• Education• Militia• Local Government• Amendments (last one on Marriage)
  6. 6. Ohio General AssemblyOhio House Ohio Senate• Elected to a two-year term • Elected to a four-year term• Term limit: four consecutive • Term limit: two consecutive two-year terms four-year terms• 99 Members • 33 MembersBoth Houses• Proposes, debates and passes laws• Pass with a simple majority• Passes in both chambers: presented to the governor to be signed into law• Budget HAS TO BE balanced (illegal to run a deficit)• Ohio laws collectively are called the Ohio Revised Code
  7. 7. Judicial Branch • Ohio Supreme Court – Elected to 6-year terms – Age limit is 70 – Chief Justice & 6 Associate Judges – Appellate jurisdiction • 12 courts of appeals, courts of common pleas, county courts, municipal courts; and the Court of Claims • Supreme Court in action: State ex rel. Paul Perrea v. Cincinnati Public Schools
  8. 8. Executive Branch• Includes the governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, auditor of state, attorney general, state board of education and governors cabinet• All but the cabinet and education officers are elected• Term limits: two consecutive four year terms• Line-item veto
  9. 9. Major State Government Powers• Education (funding & curriculum)• Worker’s compensation & unemployment• LotteryShared w/ Federal Government – Taxing (sales tax), police, conservation – Criminal justice, public health – Welfare (Medicaid),
  10. 10. Gets authority from state government; authority can be revokedLOCAL GOVERNMENT
  11. 11. Types of Local Governments• County• Township• Town Meeting (Direct Democracy)• Municipality – City – Town – Village – Borough
  12. 12. County• Largest subdivision of state government• In rural areas, county governments play a very important role• In urban areas, not so much• Usually run by a county board (odd-numbered; makes executive & legislative decisions)
  13. 13. Hamilton County Services• Law enforcement (police, criminal justice, 911)• Board of Elections (entire county)• Engineers (road repair, snow removal)• Parks, Library• MRDD, Board of Health (inspections)• Sewerage• Coroner
  14. 14. Townships • Subdivision of the county • Limited home rule • Supported through property taxes • Can not levy income taxes (cities) • No limit on population size • Provides basic services (fire, police, zoning)
  15. 15. City Government• Has a legal charter from the state (called incorporation)
  16. 16. Ohio Municipalities• Village: under 5,000 residents; at least 4 mi. sq.• City: over 5,000 and at least 4 mi. sq.• Several types of city governments (next slide)
  17. 17. Types of City Governments• Strong mayor (veto & appointment powers)• Weak Mayor (no appointment or budget powers) – Example• Commission (executive & legislative combined)• Council-Manager (City Manager runs the day-to- day operations)

×