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Congress
AP Government
Our Goals:
• Understand how members of Congress are elected
• Evaluate the structure, leadership, and powers of congress
•...
To start our discussion, you must define:
• Members
• Calendar
• Constituents
• Reapportionment
• Gerrymandering
• Incumbe...
It’s a bicameral legislature, but…
There’s DIFFERENCES between the House and Senate
Congressional Powers
• Enumerated (stated) powers: Taxing & spending (appropriations); also BORROWING
• Regulate interstat...
Leadership of the House
Speaker of the House: John Boehner(R-
OH)—elected by a party caucus
Majority Leader: Eric Cantor (...
Their Duties:
• Always from the majority party
• Presiding officer
• Third in line to Presidency
• Decides who speaks & se...
Minority Leader & Whips
Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi
(D-CA)
Whips: Majority (Kevin McCarthy (R-
CA); Minority (Steny Hoye...
Their Duties:
• Assistant Floor Leaders
• Informs members of the calendar
• Watch how party members vote on
bills
• “Persu...
Leadership of the Senate
• Only can cast a tiebreaking vote • Longest serving
majority-party
member;
Presiding
officer whe...
Their Duties:
• Tie-Breaking Vote
• Can recognize members to speak
• Can’t debate
• Can try to influence Senators
• Spends...
Majority & Minority Leaders
Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D-
NV)
Minority Leader: Mitch
McConnell (R-KY)
Their Duties:
• Steers party bills
• Plans the Senate’s work agenda (like
Speaker of House)
• Works w/minority leader
• Ke...
Assistant Leaders (Whips)
Majority: Richard Durbin
(D-Il) Minority: Jon Kyl (R-AZ)
Further Work
• Congressional Committee Web quest
• How a Bill Becomes a Law puzzle—use:
http://votesmart.org/education/how...
Congress
Congress
Congress
Congress
Congress
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Congress

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Congress

  1. 1. Congress AP Government
  2. 2. Our Goals: • Understand how members of Congress are elected • Evaluate the structure, leadership, and powers of congress • Construct the lawmaking process • Compare the House and the Senate • Investigate the current Congressional docket
  3. 3. To start our discussion, you must define: • Members • Calendar • Constituents • Reapportionment • Gerrymandering • Incumbent • And…differentiate between Senate and House elections.
  4. 4. It’s a bicameral legislature, but… There’s DIFFERENCES between the House and Senate
  5. 5. Congressional Powers • Enumerated (stated) powers: Taxing & spending (appropriations); also BORROWING • Regulate interstate commerce (Heart of Atlanta Motel case) • Laws concerning copyrights, patents, weights measures, and bankruptcy • Admitting new states • Declare war • Print money; run post office • Impeachment process • Create the Federal judiciary • Implied powers (necessary & proper)
  6. 6. Leadership of the House Speaker of the House: John Boehner(R- OH)—elected by a party caucus Majority Leader: Eric Cantor (R- VA)
  7. 7. Their Duties: • Always from the majority party • Presiding officer • Third in line to Presidency • Decides who speaks & sets rules for debate • Makes committee appointments • Schedules bills for action • Assists the Speaker • Floor leader of the party • Plans party strategies • Steers bills through House • Makes sure important bills make it out of committee Speaker Majority Leader
  8. 8. Minority Leader & Whips Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Whips: Majority (Kevin McCarthy (R- CA); Minority (Steny Hoyer D-MD)
  9. 9. Their Duties: • Assistant Floor Leaders • Informs members of the calendar • Watch how party members vote on bills • “Persuades” them to vote the party line • Leader of the minority party • Can’t schedule work • Floor leader of the party • Steers bills through House • Makes sure important bills make it out of committee Whips Minority Leader
  10. 10. Leadership of the Senate • Only can cast a tiebreaking vote • Longest serving majority-party member; Presiding officer when VP isn’t in Senate Senate President: Vice President Joseph Biden President Pro Tempore: Patrick Leahy (VT)
  11. 11. Their Duties: • Tie-Breaking Vote • Can recognize members to speak • Can’t debate • Can try to influence Senators • Spends more time w/President • Usually most senior member & from majority party • VP usually not in Senate so… • PPT fills in • Can participate in debates Vice President President Pro Tempore
  12. 12. Majority & Minority Leaders Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D- NV) Minority Leader: Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
  13. 13. Their Duties: • Steers party bills • Plans the Senate’s work agenda (like Speaker of House) • Works w/minority leader • Keep the party in line • Schedules w/majority leader • Steers party bills • Keeps party in line • Criticisms Majority Leader Minority Leader
  14. 14. Assistant Leaders (Whips) Majority: Richard Durbin (D-Il) Minority: Jon Kyl (R-AZ)
  15. 15. Further Work • Congressional Committee Web quest • How a Bill Becomes a Law puzzle—use: http://votesmart.org/education/how-a-bill-becomes-law#.Ue8sgo21GII • Redistricting • Researching a current bill in Congress

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