Cold War OGT Questions


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Cold War OGT Questions

  1. 1. Practice Test Item Question 1 (Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities) One form of civil disobedience practiced by college students during the Vietnam War was the burning of draft cards. How were draft card burnings different from other forms of protest such as organizing marches and publishing underground newspapers? A. Draft card burnings were direct violations of a law perceived to be unjust. B. Draft card burnings were protected under the First Amendment of the Constitution. C. Draft card burnings were used to encourage young men to volunteer for military duty rather than be drafted. D. Draft card burnings were a continuation of protest methods begun by the Ku Klux Klan in the 1960s. Question 2 (History) At the end of World War II, Soviet armies liberated the countries of Eastern Europe from Nazi Germany. The occupation of these countries by the Soviet Union contributed to the development of the Cold War by A. contributing to conflict in the Middle East. B. bringing about the reunification of Germany. C. strengthening the authority of the United Nations. D. dividing Europe into communist and non-communist spheres. Question 3 (History) Following World War II, the Soviet Union dominated the countries of Eastern Europe. Forty years later, the Soviet bloc disintegrated and the Soviet Union broke apart as well. These later events led to A. struggles for political control in countries formerly under the control of the Soviet Union. B. the Chinese Communist Revolution. C. renewed conflict between Israel and its neighbors. D. the dismantling of the NATO alliance. Question 4 (History) During the years between 1945 and 1950, the period directly following World War II, the Soviet Union expanded its influence in Central and Eastern Europe. Describe two concerns the United States had about this expansion. For each concern, identify a related action taken by the United States to counter Soviet activities in Europe during this time period. Write your answer in the Answer Document. (4 points) Question 5 (History) The use of atomic weapons at the end of World War II fostered fears about their potential use during the Cold War years. These fears were critical in determining the U.S. response to A. the Marshall Plan. B. the Berlin Blockade. C. the Cuban Missile Crisis. D. the independence movement in India. Question 6 (History) In the United Nations Charter, member nations pledge to “unite our strength to maintain international peace and security.” Since ratification of its charter following World War II, the primary goal of the United Nations has been to A. restore world trade disrupted by World War II. B. encourage industrial growth begun during World War II. C. establish policies to help nations pay World War II debts. D. intervene in world conflicts to prevent another war such as World War II. Question 7 (History) The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was partly the result of the expansion of the Soviet Union in Central and Eastern Europe as World War II ended. Describe one U.S. concern about the Soviet Union’s domination of Central and Eastern Europe after 1945. Cite a relevant action taken by the United States in response to the identified concern. Write your answer in the Answer Document. (4 points)1 of 2 2/24/2009 11:45 AM
  2. 2. Practice Test Item Question 8 (History) Following World War II, France attempted to re-establish control over its colony, Indochina, which included Vietnam. Leaders of the Vietminh, a communist-supported independence movement in Vietnam, fought against France’s efforts to retake the colony. The United States viewed this conflict as part of the Cold War and aided France. This U.S. action was based on which policy? A. a policy of opposing colonialism B. a policy of helping Japan rebuild its economy C. a policy of containing the spread of communism D. a policy of participating in United Nations’ peacekeeping efforts2 of 2 2/24/2009 11:45 AM