1980s America

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1980s America

  1. 1. 1980S AMERICA US Studies
  2. 2. 1980s partCONSERVATISM one
  3. 3. A CONSERVATIVE ERAIssue Liberal Viewpoint Conservative ViewpointRole of Government in the MORE government LIMITED government (lowerEconomy involvement (social taxes, less business programs; business regulations) to stimulate the regulations) economy (Free Market)Foreign Policy International diplomacy Rely on our military and and multilateralism acting unilaterally Why? •The Federal Government had gotten too big and powerful •This deterred economic growth •Social programs (especially welfare) were NOT working •This deterred individual initiative •Ronald Reagan’s Inauguration
  4. 4. WHAT‟S WRONG WITH LIBERALISM?National values have degraded (Counterculture)Families had broken up (Women‟s Movement)Abortion was now legalOrganized religion in declineTaxes and debt had risen (Vietnam and Great Society)Civil Rights Movement had “gone too far” (Affirmative Action )
  5. 5. 1980s partREAGAN PRESIDENCY two
  6. 6. REAGAN‟S ELECTION Backlash favored Reagan Bad economy helped too: “Are you better off now than you were four years ago?” Carter Administration was inept (Hostage crisis) Charismatic; Great Communicator Spoke of America‟s greatness
  7. 7. 1980 ELECTION
  8. 8. REAGAN REVOLUTION ,Step One: Economy  Supply-Side: Tax Cuts for all Americans; most for wealthiest  Stimulate economy & create jobs  Balance the budget (cut spending)  Lots of deregulationResult: deep recession at first
  9. 9. ECONOMIC TURNAROUND  Economy improved by 1983:  Inflation down  GNP up  Incomes increased  Employment rose  But…  Homelessness up  Poverty increased  Record budget deficits  Savings & Loan scandal
  10. 10. MILITARY ACTIONSLargest peacetime military spending (make USSR bankrupt)SDIGrenada (1983) InvasionNicaragua (1983) support ContrasResult: US begins to forget Vietnam
  11. 11. TAKE NO PRISONERSAir Traffic Controllers— illegal to go on strike (13,000 did)$10,000 raise/32- hour weekReagan—two days to returnFired them: “I meant what I said”
  12. 12. UNBELIEVABLE POPULARIT Y
  13. 13. OTHER 80S ISSUESCivil Rights—African-Americans elected to office; MLK Day—national holidayRenewed patriotism (Statue of Liberty; 1984 Olympics)AIDSManufacturing jobs goneEntitlements still around (Social Security, Welfare, Medicare )
  14. 14. 1980s partGEORGE H. W. BUSH three
  15. 15. BUSH PRESIDENCY1988 Election: very nastyBush presidency focused on foreign policy“Read my lips, no new taxes…”Persian Gulf War (tomorrow)Economy faltered (downsizing)—lost„92 )

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