What is Semantic? Semantic is the study of the linguistic meaning of morphemes, words, phrases, and sentences.
Homonyms Different words that are pronounced the same, but may or may not be spelled the same. e.g. bank (financial institution) bank (riverside) to. Too, two flower, flour. sea, see, c sell, shell
She sells sea shells by the seashore. Do you see the letter c written in sea salt. I’ve never seen such a beautiful scene. We want a site for our home that will be out of sight. The seam in the tent doesn’t seem to hold back the rain.
Polysemy When a word has multiple meanings that are related conceptually or historically. E.g. pupil (student) pupil (part of eyes) bear (animal) bear( to tolerate, to carry, to support)
Synonyms Words that sound different but have the same or nearly the same meaning. E.g. sofa, couch. handbag, purse. Garbage/Trash woman/lady stone/rock
Antonyms Words that are opposite in meaning. E.g. alive/dead big/small hot/coldGradable antonyms tiny, small, medium, large, big, huge, gargantuan.
Hyponyms a relationship between two words, in which the meaning of one of the words includes the meaning of the other word. vehicle: bus car lorry van Move: walk, run, swim, play.
Metonyms A word used in place of another word or expression to convey the same meaning. E.g. Crown (monarchy) Moscow (Russian) Hollywood Washington Brooklyn
Idioms A group of words whose meaning cannot be explained in terms of the habitual meanings of the words that make up the piece of language. For example: She washed her hands of the matter. Means “She refused to have anything more to do with the matter”. Piece of cake break a leg!
"Pull the wool over someones eyes" - Trick or deceive. "Bite off more than you can chew" - Take on more than one can handle. "Fill someones shoes" - Take someone elses place. "The buck stops here." - Taking responsibility for something, instead of blaming someone else. "Strike someone funny" - To seem funny to someone.
Exercise Find The Homonyms 1. Due to the dry weather, we do not see any dew on the grass. 2. I knew they had a new gnu at the zoo. 3. Some people know that you add to find the sum. 4. They’re hanging their coats over there. 5. I ate the eight cakes that were on my plate. 6. How many ways can I tell him that he weighs too much? 7. They banned the crude band from playing at the concert. 8. She only won one ticket to the show. 9.We’ll find a tropical isle where I’ll walk down the aisle with my bride. 10. You’re crazy if you pierce your ankle!
Find the synonyms Brilliant Furious Under Sniff See