8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism


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America's history and experience with terrorism.

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8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism

  1. 1. The Fight Against Terrorism
  2. 2. <ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unlawful use of, or threatened use of, force or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of intimidating or causing fear for political or social ends.” </li></ul><ul><li>Essentially, people using force, usually against civillians to achieve certain goals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>We all know about 9/11, but there were other terrorists acts that led up to it. </li></ul><ul><li>1979: The takeover the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nov. 4 th , the ruler of Iran is overthrown by Islamic radicals led by the Ayatollah Khomeini. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The revolutionaries storm the U.S. embassy and take 52 hostages. They aren’t released until 1/20/81 when Ronald Reagan takes office. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>1983: Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon destroyed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 23 rd . A delivery truck sets off an explosive equivalent to 12,000 pounds of TNT in front of the Marine barracks in Beirut. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>241 American soldiers are killed. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>1985: Bombing of air base in Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist terrorist group sets off bomb at Rhein-Main Air Base, killing one and injuring 20. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>1988: Pan Am Flight 103 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. 21 st . A bomb consisting of just 12-16 ounces of plastic explosives is concealed in a radio. It detonates over Lockerbie, Scotaland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>270 people are killed, including 11 people on the ground in Lockerbie. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libya apparently behind it. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>1993: World Trade Center Bombing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb. 26. A truck carrying an explosive is detonated in the parking garage of the World Trade Center. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed six, injured 1,042. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The intent was to undermine the foundation of the north tower and cause it to collapse into its twin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perpetrated by Islamic extremists </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>1995: Oklahoma City bombing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>April 19 th . Timothy McVeigh, who thought the federal government was evil, detonates a truck bomb outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>168 people are killed. Over 800 are injured. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 15. <ul><li>1996: Khobar Towers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>June 25 th . Truck bomb detonates outside U.S. military housing complex in Saudi Arabia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blast equivalent to nearly 20,000 pounds of TNT. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 are killed. 370 are injured. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 18. <ul><li>1998: Embassy bombings in Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 7 th . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car bombs are simultaneously detonated outside the U.S. embassies in Tanzania and Kenya. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>257 are killed. Over 4,000 are injured. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Qaeda. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><li>2000: USS Cole </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 20. Guided missile destroyer, USS Cole is damaged by a bomb on a rubber boat while docked in Yemen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caused a 40 by 40 foot hole in the side. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 sailors are killed. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 23. <ul><li>2001 World Trade Center: 9/11 </li></ul><ul><li>19 Islamic extremist terrorists, part of the global terrorist network Al Qaeda, hijack 4 planes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The planes were fully fueled for transcontinental flights from the east to west coasts (24,000 gallons of fuel each). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One plane each crashed into each of the two towers of the World Trade Center. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One plane crashed into the Pentagon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One plane crashes in a field in Pennsylvania after the passengers revolt against the hijackers. Was likely supposed to crash into the White House or U.S. Capitol Building. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The heat from the burning fuel and subsequent fire in the towers weakened the steel supports, causing them to collapse. </li></ul>
  13. 24. <ul><li>About 3,000 people were killed in the attacks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>246 on the planes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,602 in the towers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>125 at the Pentagon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many more would have died had the towers collapse earlier or the planes impacted lower down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only 18 out of 600 escaped from above the impact site in the South Tower, for example. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the 16,000 who were below the impact site escaped. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Some in the towers, jumped out the windows rather than be burned alive. </li></ul>
  14. 38. <ul><li>The aftermath is that the U.S. starts a war on terror (or at least engages in a war that had already been going on). </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. attacks Afghanistan and eliminates the Taliban government. </li></ul><ul><li>Forms the department of Homeland Security for domestic protection. </li></ul>
  15. 39. <ul><li>Danger of terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Very little can do a lot of damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspires fear (terror) </li></ul>