6.1 - History and Government of The United States


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Quickie U.S. history up to Civil War. Not much government.

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6.1 - History and Government of The United States

  1. 1. History and Government of the United States
  2. 2. <ul><li>What’s that? The United States wasn’t always here? That’s crazy talk! </li></ul><ul><li>Ah, but true. It actually wasn’t around 12,000 years ago when those nomads crossed over to modern-day Alaska from Siberia. </li></ul><ul><li>Those folks multiplied and gradually spread throughout the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>As they spread out and occupied different areas and environments, they became different distinct cultures. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Original location of Native American tribes.
  4. 5. Current distribution of Native Americans
  5. 6. <ul><li>Then the Europeans come barging onto the scene (rude) </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish did most of the early exploring, looking for things like El Dorado and such. </li></ul><ul><li>Hernando De Soto was one such conquistador </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>The French and English follow up the Spanish, forming their own settlements and colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbian Exchange is begun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The trading and transplantation of goods, plants, animals, and diseases to and from Europe and North America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was rather significant. Keep in mind that these species had been completely separated from millions of years and all of a sudden you have things like cows and horses where there were none before. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The new nutrition also spurred a population boom in Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversely, European diseases wreaked havoc on the native American populations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By 1595, 18 million had died in Mexico alone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The British colonies rebelled (as I’m sure you know) </li></ul><ul><li>The American one went onto form the United States </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian colonies never really rebelled and remained relatively loyal to the crown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They’re still part of the British Commonwealth (the queen is their head of state), though they are an independent country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia, India, and a number of countries in the West Indies and Africa are also part of the Commonwealth. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>In a fit of Manifest Destiny, the young Americans start migrating west. </li></ul><ul><li>Aided by the Louisiana Purchase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The purchase from France in 1803 of nearly 830,000 square miles of land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in mind that Houston is just 601 square miles. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It actually doubled the size of the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost only $15 million (about $390 billion in today’s money… a steal, really). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Time goes on and sectionalism becomes a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>This was especially true as concerns the issue of slavery. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The southern states were slave-owning (including Texas) and the northern ones were not. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Civil War breaks out in 1861. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>618,000 Americans died and 412,000 were injured. That makes for a total of 1,030,000 causalities out of a population of just 31 million. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The North won and slavery was abolished. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>After the Civil War, the nation starts to urbanize </li></ul><ul><li>People start migrating towards cities and the industrial centers that were increasingly taking the place of the traditional agrarian base. </li></ul>