Civilization
<ul><li>Advantages of Agricultural Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus of food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The amount of food w...
<ul><li>Make permanent settlements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You didn’t have to move around anymore.  You could stay in one pl...
As you can imagine, the Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution starts leading to civilization.  Whazzat?
<ul><li>Eventually, civilization starts to develop.  What are the hallmarks of civilization? </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced ci...
<ul><li>Complex Institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational entities, such  as religious groups and government. </li...
<ul><li>Ur is an example of early civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s in modern-day Iraq, but at the time it was Sumerian...
 
 
 
 
 
 
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1.3 - Civilization

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1.3 - Civilization

  1. 1. Civilization
  2. 2. <ul><li>Advantages of Agricultural Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus of food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The amount of food was no longer limited to the fortune of nature. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Could build larger communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The greater production of food meant that more people could be supported. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Make permanent settlements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You didn’t have to move around anymore. You could stay in one place. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people can do things other than survival tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s no longer the case that everybody has to be hunting or gathering. Folks can specialize in making pots or tools or art or being the boss. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities started interacting and exchanging stuff. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. As you can imagine, the Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution starts leading to civilization. Whazzat?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Eventually, civilization starts to develop. What are the hallmarks of civilization? </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just a bunch of people, but a center of trade for an area as well as a production center for goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specialized workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now that not everybody has to be hunting and gathering all the time (only a smaller segment of the population is needed for this), some folks can do other things, like make baskets, jewelry, weapons, pots, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Complex Institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational entities, such as religious groups and government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record Keeping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping a record of activities of the city – this also required a system of writing. Cuneiform is an early example. There’s hieroglyphs in Egypt. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advanced Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using tools and such that make tasks easier. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ur is an example of early civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s in modern-day Iraq, but at the time it was Sumerian. </li></ul><ul><li>They traded, farmed, had houses, irrigation, government, religion, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>It was thriving around 3,000 BC </li></ul>

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