There are several strategies improving the studentsreading, as follows:1. Set aside time each day2. Check comprehension3. Dictionaries slow we down4. Pay attention to paragraph structure
We can spend these 15 minutes on general readingbefore sleeping (ensure we always have interest book inour pocket). Stop every chapter or ten or twelve pages and asksourselves a few questions about what we have beenreading. “Cannot remember the details → re-read the section”
The right, fairly easy book → dictionary isunnecessaryReally must know the dictionary meaning → jot themdown, looked up later. The opening paragraph suggests the generaldirection and content of the piece;Closing paragraph often summarizes the every essenceof what has been said.
“Diction of the text is not suitable on their level” ↓Most students → read word by word → stop reading when finding difficult words. ↓ They can interpret the text if they understand every word.
Skimming “Skimming is the process of rapid coverage of reading matter to determine its gist or main idea.” Scanning “Scanning is a strategy used by all readers to find relevant information in a text.” Intensive Reading “the readers take a text, and then study it line by line, and refer at very moment to the dictionary about the grammar of the text itself”. Extensive Reading “Extensive reading applies to text of more than a page, up to and including professional articles, essays, technical reports, short stories, and books.”
a. Improving reading speed According to Spargo (1989: 4), “fast readers willmiss something or that might their comprehensionmight suffer is ‘NOT TRUE’”; the reasons are, as follows: “Faster readers comprehend faster→ the writer’s message is coming to us faster and makes sense sooner.” “Faster readers concentrate better→ less time for distraction to interfere. Comprehension in turn contributes to concentration. If we are concentrating and comprehending, we will not become distraction.”
b. Guessing words meaningThis skill can be gained by learning: How most English words are formed (word formation) (prefix – root – suffix). How words are used in sentence (by their context).For instance:Action, acting, actress, actor, active, reaction, reactive, reactor, deactivate, reactivation, etc derive from “ACT”c. Finding main ideasThe main ideas is the subject of the paragraph, thatis, what the paragraph is about (it can come to thefirst, the last, or within the paragraph).
d. Predicting We can predict (tell what will happen) successfully ↓ Have good knowledge of the English language and culture.e. Cause and Effect Understanding the phenomena of cause andeffect will help us in understanding some of scientifictext.f. Comparison – Contrast The pattern a writer uses to show how two thingsare similar and/or different.
Students can listen on a higher language level than they can read The foundation for literacy development. It is the single most important activity for reading success. The readers pauses and emphases allow students to better understand the phrasing and fluency of the language and to hear new vocabulary and the way the words are used. Listening to others read helps students develop key understanding and skills, such as an appreciation for how a story is written and familiarity with book conventions, such as "once upon a time" and "happily ever after".
Choral Reading (CR) Method, The Paired Reading (PR) Method, PORPE Method (Predict, Organize, Rehearse, Practice, and Evaluate), KWL Method (Know – Will – Learn), SQ4R Method (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Record, and Review).