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Design interventions for orphan
children to accommodate their
psychological needs
Devvrat Chowdhary
2010BARC009
SEMINAR - ...
AIM
• To assess the psychological issues
prevalent in orphan children and
propose design interventions
accordingly.
Objectives
• To assess the psychological impact on the children
who have lost their parents or those who are
growing witho...
Scope and Limitations
• The age group of 0-12 years is considered for the
purpose of this dissertation.
• The study will a...
Background Study
• Definitions
• Facts
Literature Review
• Psychological Issues
• Methods to Counteract
psychological prob...
Background study
• Definition of an orphan:
▫ A child who is below 18 years of age and who
has lost one or both parents ma...
Literature Review
• An orphanage for young women in Srinagar was
surveyed by psychiatrists using DSM-IV guidelines
to eval...
• According to ”A study of psycho social problems
in orphans in Kerala” a Ph.D. thesis by Benson. N
the major psycho-socia...
• Colour therapy
Literature Review
Methods to counteract psychological issues
RED
•Strength
•Loosen
restraints
•Energy
•Re...
• Colour therapy
Literature Review
Methods to counteract psychological issues
BLUE
• Truth,
Nobility and
Serenity.
• Help ...
• Healing Gardens
▫ Child friendly entry
▫ Comfortable space for staff and parents
▫ Many options as possible for children...
• Architectural Intervention
▫ Attachment to a certain architectural space,
identification with it, and possibility of
reg...
• Architectural Intervention
Literature Review
Methods to counteract psychological issues
Source- Queen Silvia Children’s ...
• Architectural Intervention
Literature Review
Methods to counteract psychological issues
Source- The Little School in San...
• Psychological effect of shapes
Literature Review
Methods to counteract psychological issues
•Connection, community,
whol...
• Children’s scale
• Linking paths and gardens
• Shaded courts
• Use of stone – irregular shapes,
fantasy
• Arched pathway...
Case study
SOS Children’s Village – Jordan
SOS children’s village Jordan- View (*Source – Aga Khan award for Architecture
• Children’s scale
• Small informal pockets create areas of
intrigue and discovery
• Reflective surfaces (material)
• Simp...
Case study
Amsterdam Orphanage- Netherlands
Amsterdam Orphanage- Netherlands(Archdaily)
ACTIVITY SPATIAL
CHARACTER
COLOUR PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUE
ADDRESSED
1 Eating Rectangle Yellow Independence, Dealing with
other...
• Articulated Classroom
Result
Spatial character suggestions
Result
Spatial character suggestions
• Space as a Home Base
▫ Generally the spaces in an children’s
home though for childr...
• Threshold space between classroom and
corridor
▫ With corridors changing from circulation
area to work area comes an eve...
Conclusion
References
• Benson, N (2002). The study of Psycho-social
problems of orphans in Kerela
• Browne, K. (2009). The Risk of H...
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Design interventions for orphan children to accommodate their psychological needs

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This presentation explores the various factors which have an impact on the psychological growth of children (orphans in this case) and how design can play a role to help bring bring a positive mental growth.

Published in: Design

Design interventions for orphan children to accommodate their psychological needs

  1. 1. Design interventions for orphan children to accommodate their psychological needs Devvrat Chowdhary 2010BARC009 SEMINAR - III
  2. 2. AIM • To assess the psychological issues prevalent in orphan children and propose design interventions accordingly.
  3. 3. Objectives • To assess the psychological impact on the children who have lost their parents or those who are growing without biological parents. • List the various psychological issues. • To understand the relationship between the spatial character and psychology of children with special reference to those who have gone through trauma of separation from biological parents. • To make and attempt to mitigate the negative impacts of orphan hood in children through design.
  4. 4. Scope and Limitations • The age group of 0-12 years is considered for the purpose of this dissertation. • The study will aim to arrive with schemes to guide the design of children’s homes but will not provide rigid details of design interventions. • Only literature case studies will be referred for the scope of this dissertation.
  5. 5. Background Study • Definitions • Facts Literature Review • Psychological Issues • Methods to Counteract psychological problems Case Studies • SOS Village, Jordan • Amsterdam Orphanage RESULT Methodology
  6. 6. Background study • Definition of an orphan: ▫ A child who is below 18 years of age and who has lost one or both parents may be defined as an orphan (George, 2011). • Orphans in India: ▫ The number of orphans in India stands at approximately 55 million children of age 0 to 12 years, which is about 47% of the overall population of 150 million orphans in the world (GCM India; UNICEF, 2005). 1 billion + people 400 million children 50 million orphans 18 million homeless (Shrivastava, 2007)
  7. 7. Literature Review • An orphanage for young women in Srinagar was surveyed by psychiatrists using DSM-IV guidelines to evaluate children for psychopathology. Children were in the age group of 5 to 12 years. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) 40.62% PTSD 25% Major depressive disorder (MDD) 12.5% Conversion Disorder (Chan et al. 2006) Psychological problems
  8. 8. • According to ”A study of psycho social problems in orphans in Kerala” a Ph.D. thesis by Benson. N the major psycho-social problems a homeless child faces are: Literature Review Psychological problems •Self-esteem •Recognition and approval •Love and Affection •Security •Independence •Creative expression •New Experience •dealing with others •Achievement •Isolation •Financial problems •Dealing with the opposite sex •Dealing with Authorities •Relation with Anxiety •Relation with Emotional Maturity
  9. 9. • Colour therapy Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues RED •Strength •Loosen restraints •Energy •Remove lethargy and depression ORANGE •Energising •Warming •Lift spirits of depressed and lonely YELLOW •Stimulate intellect •Cheering effect •Facilitate digestion •Not ideal for stress GREEN •Harmony, Balance •Hope •Calming effect •Optimism •Excess may result in Complacency
  10. 10. • Colour therapy Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues BLUE • Truth, Nobility and Serenity. • Help for frightened or flustered • Sedative INDIGO • Intellect • Courage, authority • Inner Calmness Violet • Stimulate intellect • Cheering effect • Facilitate digestion • Not ideal for stress
  11. 11. • Healing Gardens ▫ Child friendly entry ▫ Comfortable space for staff and parents ▫ Many options as possible for children to interact with nature through their senses and or hands-on activities ▫ Plant a garden and harvest ▫ Universal Accessibility ▫ Multi-purpose setting for activities, social gatherings ▫ Shade ▫ Provide plants and trees that drop leaves and twigs - ▫ Seeds and stones ▫ Add a hill ▫ Storage, potting shed ▫ Fun signage Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues (Source-Basham & Lucas Design Group)
  12. 12. • Architectural Intervention ▫ Attachment to a certain architectural space, identification with it, and possibility of regulating privacy and recovering of environment results in appearance of favourite place phenomenon. Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues (Danica. 2008) Vertical realms
  13. 13. • Architectural Intervention Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues Source- Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital
  14. 14. • Architectural Intervention Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues Source- The Little School in San Francisco, Mark Horton
  15. 15. • Psychological effect of shapes Literature Review Methods to counteract psychological issues •Connection, community, wholeness, endurance, movement, safety, perfection •Refers to the feminine: warmth, comfort, sensuality, and love. •Order, logic, containment, security. •Rectangles provide a fourth point, which is mathematically the foundation for 3D objects, suggesting mass, volume, and solids. •Energy, power, balance, law, science, religion. •Refers to the Masculine: strength, aggression, and dynamic movement.
  16. 16. • Children’s scale • Linking paths and gardens • Shaded courts • Use of stone – irregular shapes, fantasy • Arched pathways Case study SOS Children’s Village – Jordan SOS children’s village Jordan - PLAN (*Source – Aga Khan award for Architecture
  17. 17. Case study SOS Children’s Village – Jordan SOS children’s village Jordan- View (*Source – Aga Khan award for Architecture
  18. 18. • Children’s scale • Small informal pockets create areas of intrigue and discovery • Reflective surfaces (material) • Simple Geometry interaction to create interactive spaces Case study Amsterdam Orphanage- Netherlands Orthogonal grid with diagonal pathways creating equal spaces (Archdaily)
  19. 19. Case study Amsterdam Orphanage- Netherlands Amsterdam Orphanage- Netherlands(Archdaily)
  20. 20. ACTIVITY SPATIAL CHARACTER COLOUR PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUE ADDRESSED 1 Eating Rectangle Yellow Independence, Dealing with others 2 Study Rectangle, Triangle Blue, green Self esteem, New experience, Independence, Achievement 3 Creative Circle Red, Green, Violet Isolation, Creative expression, Security, Dealing with others, self esteem 4 Resting Circle Orange, Blue Anxiety, Security, dealing with others Result Relationship between shapes, colours and the psychological issues addressed
  21. 21. • Articulated Classroom Result Spatial character suggestions
  22. 22. Result Spatial character suggestions • Space as a Home Base ▫ Generally the spaces in an children’s home though for children are controlled by the administrative people and the children act as visitors ▫ There should be some permanent spaces for the individuals something like a nest from where you take off and keep returning to meet up again.
  23. 23. • Threshold space between classroom and corridor ▫ With corridors changing from circulation area to work area comes an even greater need for openness ▫ there needs to be a surveillance of those working outside as well as inside of the teacher and even though there is a physical detachment the children should feel connected. Result Spatial character suggestions
  24. 24. Conclusion
  25. 25. References • Benson, N (2002). The study of Psycho-social problems of orphans in Kerela • Browne, K. (2009). The Risk of Harm to Young Children in Institutional Care. United Kingdom: Save the Children. • Johnson, W. D. (2013). The Effects of Being Orphan • James Sengendo and Janet Nambi. (1997)The psychological effect of orphanhood: a study of orphans in Rakai district • M. Mudasir Naqshbandi ,Rashmi Sehgal,Fahim ul Hassan (2012) Orphans in orphanages of Kashmir “and their Psychological problems” • Shah Amir Ezham Ismail , . Zaiton Abdul Rahim, Asiah Abdul Rahim (2013) Muslim orphanage's village • Unicef (2005). The state of the world's children 2006: excluded and invisible: United Nations Pubns. • Danica Stanković (2008). Space in the function of psychological stability of a child • Basham & Lucas Design Group (1998). Gardens that heal: therapeutic landscape and site design • Yuanquan Xu (2012). Play therapy room design • Indiaparenting.com, Colour therapy for children • California state university Stanislaus, online archive • Herman Hertzberger – Space and learning • Shrivastava D (2007). Child trafficking–A human right abuse. Indian Police J

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