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  1. 1. Humanities 120 Drama
  2. 2. Drama is a type of literature. Its basic medium is spoken language. ( Medium : the material or technique an artist works with.)
  3. 3. Drama uses the resources of the theater to show human actions in such a way that we gain a deeper understanding of the human experience .
  4. 4. Origins of Drama
  5. 5. Drama is such an ancient art form that its origins are beyond human record.
  6. 6. <ul><li>It may have developed out of important rituals having to do with: </li></ul><ul><li>Sewing and reaping crops </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Burial rituals </li></ul>
  7. 7. So it has strong associations with the cycles of life, and the rhythms of nature
  8. 8. Subject Matter of Drama
  9. 9. The subject matter of drama are human events and actions particularly as they convey some idea about the human condition.
  10. 10. Formal Elements Of Drama
  11. 11. <ul><li>Diction </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul>
  12. 12. Action: The dramatic narrative; the plot or ongoing business of the characters
  13. 13. <ul><li>Action generally takes place in a narrative arc : </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Climax </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  14. 14. A simple narrative arc
  15. 15. Character: The way in which each individual in the drama is portrayed
  16. 16. This includes the history, motivations, personality, and decisions of the individuals.
  17. 17. Setting: The place(s) where the action occurs; created through the manipulation of sets, lights, scenery, and references.
  18. 18. This can either be very realistically produced
  19. 19. Or barely hinted at.
  20. 20. Dialogue: The spoken words of actors playing characters in the drama.
  21. 21. Most dialogue is spoken by one actor to another/others, but there is a form of dialogue called soliloquy and one called monologue.
  22. 22. Soliloquy: When a character delivers a brief speech to the audience; Generally expresses a character’s inner thoughts; We can generally assume we’re hearing character’s “true thoughts”; Consists of relatively brief break in the action.
  23. 23. Monologue: A character speaks at length; Sometimes takes up entire act or play; May be understood as character speaking to self, or directly to audience.
  24. 24. The Structure of Drama
  25. 25. Plots are structural principles that govern the shape of the narrative
  26. 26. Plots are often worked around archetypes: basic psychological patterns that people react to on a subconscious level.
  27. 27. Overthrow of father by son
  28. 28. Star-crossed love
  29. 29. Sacrifice of the individual for the good of the whole
  30. 30. The search for self identity
  31. 31. The great quest