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transgender

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this slide created to give knowledge about trans gender in india. it also covers the section of indian penal code and supreme court's decision ,related to them.

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transgender

  1. 1. Presented by: Devesh singh
  2. 2. Difference between Transgender and Third gender  Transgender-Is a state in which a person’s gender identity does not match with his/her physical sex.  Third gender-A male who has physiological feminine gender identity.
  3. 3. Section 377 Chapter XVI, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Codedating back to 1860,introduced during the British rule of India, criminalises sexual activities "against the order of nature", arguably including homosexual acts. A historic judgement delivered on 2 Jul 2009, Delhi High Court overturned the 150 year old section,legalising consensual homosexual activities between adults.[The essence of the section goes against the fundamental right of human citizens, stated the high court while striking it down. In a 105-page judgement, a bench of Chief Justice Ajit Prakash Shah and Justice S Muralidhar said that if not amended, section 377 of the IPC would violate Article 14 of the Indian constitution, which states that every citizen has equal opportunity of life and is equal before law.
  4. 4. On 11 December 2013, the Supreme Court of India ruled homosexuality to be a criminal offence setting aside the 2009 judgement given by the Delhi High Court. In its judgment the Supreme court bench of justices G. S. Singhvi and S. J. Mukhopadhaya stated — "In view of the above discussion, we hold that Section 377 IPC does not suffer from the vice of unconstitutionality and the declaration made by the Division Bench of the High court is legally unsustainable."
  5. 5. Third Gender rights  The Tamil Nadu state in India was the first state to introduce a transgender (hijra/ aravani) welfare policy. According to the transgender welfare policy transgender people can access free Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in the Government Hospital; free housing program; various citizenship documents; admission in government colleges with full scholarship for higher studies; alternative sources of livelihood through formation of self-help groups (for savings) and initiating income- generation programmes (IGP).  Tamil Nadu was also the first state to form a Transgender Welfare Board with representatives from the transgender community.  They were legally granted voting rights as a third sex in 1994  They were counted first time in census 2000.  On15 April 2014, the supreme court of India ruled that transgender people would be recognised on official documents under a seperate "third gender" category
  6. 6. Highlights points that make it a landmark order. The right to choose gender Transgender falls primarily under two categories. They are, some who are born male and live the life of a female; and others who are born female, but live the life of a male. Apart from an Aadhaar card and a few other government documents, there were no options to declare a 'third gender.' The SC order, reiterating that the gender identity is a right to be determined solely by that person, has now given three options. For a transgender filling up an application form, the right of choice may be any of the three genders (male / female/ the third gender).
  7. 7. Improving the social status The Supreme Court order ensures reservation for the third gender under the OBC category to pursue education or for any government employment schemes. As it does for backward communities, this reservation would play a crucial role in improving their social status. Presently a large number of sexual minorities in the country are forced into sex work and denied a dignified place in their families and workplaces. Chennai-based Sahodaran, an organization for transgender people, estimates that almost 75% of over 1,000 transgender people in the city are forced to do sex work for livelihood) .
  8. 8. Sexual orientation to be protected The decision to create a third gender and recognize it officially would also benefit other sexual minorities such as lesbians, homosexuals and bisexuals. The SC order clarifies that not only the gender identity but the sexual orientation of individuals will also be protected.
  9. 9. Goodbye to sex reassignment surgery With this order, one doesn't have to undergo a sex reassignment surgery to prove his or her gender. The desire to imitate or to pass for the other sex is often crucial in the identity of a transgender. The government of Tamil Nadu, a pioneer in implementing several progressive and social welfare health programmes for transgender community, also conducts free sex reassignment surgeries in its hospitals.
  10. 10. Greater social acceptance The order could pave way to breaking down of barriers of social, legal and gender discrimination, and the sexual minorities would gain a greater acceptance. Issues such as denial of admissions to schools, colleges and employment opportunities in the private sector would be addressed by creating awareness on the rights of sexual minorities on the strength of the SC order. While a majority of the private sector companies remain indifferent to the above minorities' populace, IBM, Goldman Sachs and Google have taken measures to address the needs of LGBT employees as part of making the workplace more inclusive.
  11. 11. Shabnam Mausi is the first transgender Indian or hijra to be elected to public office. She was an elected member of the Madhya Pradesh State Legislative Assembly from 1998 to 2003.In 2000 Shabnam Mausi became India's first eunuch MP. Swapna is the first trans person to clear TNPSC Group IV exams First transgender news anchor padmini prakesh.

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