Color and label your periodic table
like the one below:
• Put the colored periodic table to the side, we
will glue it in later
• Find this page, we will begin taking notes:
• Most elements are metals.
• The 88 elements to the left of the stair step line
are metals or metal-like elements except
Examples of metals:
• A physical property is
a characteristic you
can observe or
• In our lesson
yesterday, we focused
• For example, a
physical property of
some metals are that
they are shiny.
Physical Properties of Metals
• Good conductors of
heat and electricity.
• Luster: shiny
• Ductile (can be
stretched into thin
• Malleable (can be
pounded into thin
Properties of Metal, Cont.
• Usually solids at room temperature
• High melting points and boiling points (except
Hg - Mercury)
• High densities and
Chemical Properties of Metals
• A chemical property of metals is that it
– Gradual wearing away
– Ex: Silver tarnishing or iron rusting
What are Chemical Properties?
• A chemical property may only be observed by
• This property measures the potential for
undergoing a chemical change.
• A chemical reaction is the process by which one
or more substances change to produce one or
more different substances.
• Ok, let’s look at it another way:
• Why is Mater the color of orange dirt?
Rust (that orange
coloring) is caused by
iron coming into contact
with oxygen molecules.
That ability to react with
oxygen is a chemical
property of iron!
• The periodic table contains a stair-step line,
these elements along that line are called
• The “-oid” ending means – like or similar to
• Elements in this group have properties of both
metals and non-metals.
Physical Properties of Metalloids
• Solids that can be shiny or
• They can conduct heat and
have electrical charges,but
not as well as metals.
• They are ductile and
• Nonmetals are found on the right side of the
• Their characteristics are opposite those of
Physical Properties of Non-Metals
• poor conductors of
heat and electricity.
• Non-metals are not
ductile or malleable.
• Solid non-metals are
brittle and break easily.
• Dull, no shiny luster,
don’t reflect light.
• Many non-metals are
Important Words to Know!
• So now that you’ve got a good understanding of
metals, nonmetals and metalloids…
• Let’s make sure you know the properties that
• Matter that can be pounded or rolled into thin
sheets without shattering.
• Matter that shatters and breaks into pieces
• Allows heat or electrical charge can pass through
• Does metal have good conductivity? Give me an
• Does not allow electricity to pass through easily
– Known as a poor conductor, what in this picture
would you consider to be the insulator?
• The way matter reflects light from its surface
• Matter that reflects a large amount of light is
called SHINY (write: high light=shiny)
• Matter that reflects little light from its surface is
called DULL. (write: low light=dull)
• ability to be stretched into a wire
• Find this page
• Color these properties to
match the periodic table
Metals – blue
Non-metals – green
Metalloids – purple
• Now glue these in UNDER
your periodic table
This is what
your page in
look like when
we are done.
•Good conductors of heat and electricity
•Luster is shiny (reflect light)
•Corrosive in water
•Solid at room temperature
•High melting point and boiling points
•Poor conductors of heat and electricity
•Luster is dull (don’t reflect light)
•Exist in 3 states of matter (but many are gases)
•Have properties of both metals and non-metals
•Luster is shiny or dull
•Do conduct heat and electricity, but not as well as metals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Warm-Up for Thursday, 9/15/11
Color and label your periodic table as the one below: