Development of innovative tools forunderstanding marine biodiversity and assessinggood environmental status: the European project DEVOTES Angel Borja Congreso Biodiversidad, 6th-8th Feb 2013, Bilbao (Spain)
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive • Objective: ‘to promote sustainable use of the seas and conserve marine ecosystems’. • Provides the common framework to achieve good environmental status (GES) in the marine environment, by the year 2020. • The concept of environmental status takes into account the structure, function and processes of the marine ecosystems together with natural physiographic, geographic and climatic factors, as well as physical and chemical conditions including those resulting from human activities in the area concerned.
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive The Qualitative Descriptors within the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Biodiversity Fishing Foodwebs Seafloor Hydrography Pollution Litter integrity The ecosystem-based approach‘A comprehensive integrated management of human activities based on the bestavailable scientific knowledge about the ecosystem and its dynamics, in order toidentify and take action on influences which are critical to the health of the marineecosystems, thereby achieving sustainable use of ecosystem goods and servicesand maintenance of ecosystem integrity.’
DEVOTES objectives• Improve our understanding of the impact of • WP1: ‘Human pressures and human activities and climate change on marine climate change’. biodiversity.• Identify the barriers and bottlenecks that prevent • WP2: ‘Socio-economic implications of GES’. GES from being achieved• Test indicators and develop new, innovative ones • WP3: ‘Indicator testing and to assess biodiversity in a harmonized way development’ throughout the 4 regional seas.• Develop, test and validate innovative integrative • WP 4: ‘Innovative modelling modelling and monitoring tools to improve our tools’ understanding of ecosystem and biodiversity • WP5: ‘Innovative monitoring changes, for integration into a unique and holistic techniques’. assessment • WP6: ‘Integrative assessment’• Propose and disseminate strategies and measures • WP7: ‘Outreach, stakeholder for ecosystems’ adaptive management, including engagement and product the active role of industry and relevant dissemination’. stakeholders
DEVOTES structure (partners)Number Partner Country 1 AZTI Spain 2 NILU Norway 3 SYKE Finland 4 Aarhus University Denmark 5 University of Hull UK 6 CEFAS UK 7 PML UK 8 IMAR Portugal 9 IO-BAS Bulgaria 10 JRC EU 11 HCMR Greece EPA 12 KUCORPI Lithuania NOAA 13 APN Norway 14 University of Ancona Italy 15 NIOZ Netherlands 16 CSIC Spain 17 Dokuz Eylul Uni Turkey 18 MHI-NASU Ukraine 19 MARILIM Germany 20 CNRS France 21 OceanDTM UK 22 Ecoreach Italy KAUST 23 KAUST Saudi Arabia Duration of 48 months, from 1st November 2012 to 31st October 2016 Total cost: 12 million euros, requested EC contribution: 9 million euros
WP1: human pressures and CC • Coordinator: Mike Elliott (University of Hull) • Work effort: 115 person-month (9.4%) • Objective: Determine the relative contribution of human pressures to the status/changes of biodiversity, against shifting baselines of climatic change • Some tasks: – Produce models for pressure-impact links on biodiversity (cumulative, synergistic, antagonistic effect) – Catalogue, review and identify gaps in monitoring networks used by the RSC and MSs, including pressures – Evaluate the adequacy of pressure-impact links to indicate status – Review the role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning • Main outputs: review of cumulative, synergistic and antagonistic effects of the pressures which, together with variations due to climate change, can affect marine biodiversity
WP2: Socio-economic implications of GES • Coordinator: Melanie Austen (Plymouth Marine Laboratory) • Work effort: 83 person-month (6.8%) • Objective: determine the socio-economic implications of maintaining/changing management practices aimed at GES of biodiversity • Some tasks: – Identify criteria and assess the cost-effectiveness of monitoring and assessment systems – Cost-based assessment of management measures – Ecosystem services and management for GES – Socio-economic assessment of management measures • Main outputs: Cost-effective monitoring systems based on stakeholder demands and overcoming barriers to implementation within management strategies
WP3: Indicator testing and development • Coordinator: Ansti Heiskanen-Torsten Berg (SYKE-MARILIM) • Work effort: 263 person-month (21.4%) • Objective: Test and develop biodiversity GES indicators • Some tasks: – Review and analyze indicators used in MSs and RSC – Quantify the ability of indicators to identify threats and impacts on biodiversity in the regional seas – Refine existing indicators – Develop, test and validate new indicators to fill in the identified gaps – Develop tools/methodologies for setting reference and target values for the biodiversity indicators • Main outputs: A comprehensive and coherent suite of innovative, cost- efficient and tested biodiversity indicators to be applied in the integrated assessment and modelling of GES in regional seas
WP4: Innovative modelling tools • Coordinator: Chris Lynam-Christian Wilson (CEFAS-OceanDTM) • Work effort: 172 person-month (14%) • Objective: test improved or developed modelling tools to assess biodiversity • Some tasks: – Catalogue the capabilities of GES assessment models – Employ ecosystem models and alter changes in mortality on key species – Improve and validate GIS maps of benthic habitats – Develop spatial ecosystem models – Modelling reference or target levels – Utility, applicability and relevance of indicators derived from multiple biological traits – Interaction between climate change, physical forcing and biodiversity – Modelling of marine connectivity and biodiversity across regional seas • Main outputs: Understanding of the interactions between GES descriptors 1, 4 and 6, and the complementary use of indicators to assess biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
WP5: Innovative monitoring tools• Coordinator: Roberto Danovaro-Sabine Cochrane (University of Ancona-APN)• Work effort: 232 person-month (18.9%)• Objective: Development, testing and validation of innovative monitoring techniques for parameters, which ultimately may be used as indicators of GES• Some tasks: – Applying remote sensing to assess marine biodiversity. (a) ferrybox, plankton, algorithms, zooscan, etc., (b) benthic habitat mapping (multibeam), (c) ROV, cameras; (d) acoustic, (d) non-invasive biosensors – Assessing the value of utility of molecular approaches for biodiversity quantification in monitoring systems and validation of metagenetic approaches, – Applying and validating innovative tools to gather information on the diversity of potentially-dangerous algae for human health.• Main outputs: New remote sensing and molecular tools to be used in monitoring and assessment of biodiversity. Some methods will be ready for CEN standardization.
WP6: Integrative assessment • Coordinator: Jacob Carstensen-Sabine Cochrane (University of Aarhus-APN) • Work effort: 212 person-month (17.2%) • Objective: Integrate indicators, model methods and tool knowledge to assess the status • Some tasks: – Operational biodiversity assessment tool and software – Identification of keystone species and processes – Determining confidence in biodiversity assessment – Definitions of Good Environmental Status – Testing and validation of biodiversity assessment tool – Comparison of biodiversity assessment across pilot areas – Management applications of the biodiversity assessment tool • Main outputs: A validated tool for integrated assessment of biodiversity status and the uncertainties related to this assessment, for consistent and comparative assessment of GES across regional seas.
WP7: Dissemination• Coordinator: Alice Newton-Marianna Mea (NILU-Ecoreach)• Work effort: 110 person-month (8.9%)• Objective: effective and efficient dissemination of project progress and outcomes• Some tasks: • Project website, social networks, TV documentary, book, etc. – Network with stakeholders using regional workshops and meetings. – Joint workshops and special sessions in international conferences – Open access to scientific papers, reports, methods & tools: – Demonstration of developed tools via courses – User interfaces including applications for smart-phones and tablets – Ex-post dissemination• Main outputs: Wide knowledge of final products and outcomes of DEVOTES among the wide stakeholder community, promoting adoption of harmonized tools for integrated assessment of GES at EU and international level
WP8: Coordination • Coordinator: Angel Borja (AZTI) • Work effort: 42 person-month (3.4%) • Objective: Management of the team and coordination within/between the team and the EC, including reporting