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Rhetorical Situation

Purdue OWL powerpoint on the Rhetorical Situation.

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Rhetorical Situation

  1. 1. Understanding Writing: The Rhetorical Situation Brought to you by the Purdue University Online Writing Lab
  2. 2. What is a Rhetorical Situation? <ul><ul><li>Rhetoric: Using language effectively to persuade, inform, educate, or entertain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhetorical Situation: The circumstances in which you communicate. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Rhetorical Situation
  4. 4. The Writer <ul><li>Your culture, personal characteristics and interests affect what you write about and how you write it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Writer: Factors which can affect your writing include: <ul><li>Your age </li></ul><ul><li>Your experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Your gender </li></ul><ul><li>Your location </li></ul><ul><li>Your political beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Your parents and peers </li></ul><ul><li>Your education </li></ul>
  6. 6. Purpose: Your Reason For Writing
  7. 7. Genre <ul><li>Category or type of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Genres hinge upon purpose and the needs/expectations of the projected audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: fiction, autobiographical story, news article, review, letter to the editor/editorial, rhetorical analysis, criticism, persuasive essay </li></ul>
  8. 8. Audience: To Whom are you Writing? <ul><li>Many of the same factors which affect the writer also affect the audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture/subculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Audience: To Whom are you Writing? <ul><li>Audience is that person or group who has the power to enact change. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A rhetorical audience consists only of those persons who are capable of being influenced by discourse and of being mediators of change&quot; (Bitzer, Rhetorical Situation 8). </li></ul><ul><li>Bitzer, Lloyd F. &quot;The Rhetorical Situation.&quot; Philosophy and Rhetoric, 1 (1968): 1-14. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Topic: What you will write about <ul><li>May be broadened or narrowed depending on the length of your writing and your interest </li></ul><ul><li>Topics should be appropriate to the rhetorical situation you are in </li></ul>
  11. 11. Context <ul><li>The “situation” which generates the need for writing </li></ul><ul><li>Affected by the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time period or timing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural significance </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Rhetorical Situation <ul><li>Writer </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul>
  13. 13. What this means… <ul><li>You need to be aware that a rhetorical situation exists every time you write. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to adapt your writing depending on your purpose and your audience. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End This resource was written by Jennifer Liethen Kunka. Last full revision by Dana Lynn Driscoll. Last edited by Dana Lynn Driscoll on October 24th 2006 at 11:29AM Downloaded & adapted by Devon Christopher Adams on June August 31st 2008 at 11:49AM