Asean Economic Community
Chartbook 2013
one vision
one identity
one community
The ASEAN Secretariat
Jakarta
Asean Economic Community
Chartbook 2013
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association ...
iiASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Chartbook 2013 captures macroeconomic develop...
ii ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
Table of Contents
	 1	 ASEAN in the Global Economy
	 1.1	 Population of ASEAN a...
iiiiiiiiiASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
Table of Contents
	 5.3b	 Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Import Commodities, 2012	 30
...
This ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Chartbook is a visual chronicle of the ASEAN economy
and its relations with major regi...
617
27
1,354
507
1,223
128
50
314
142
35
179
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
ASEAN ANZ China EU-28 India Japan ROK U...
2 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
ASEAN,
4.3
ANZ, 1.3
China, 14.9 EU-28, 19.5
India,
5.6
Japan,
5.6
ROK, 1.9
USA, ...
33ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
ASEAN, 3,619
ANZ, 1,103
China, 12,406
EU-28, 18,183
USA, 15,685
India, 4,684
Jap...
4 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
ASEAN, 2,311
ANZ, 1,711
China, 8,227
EU-28, 16,641
India, 1,825
USA, 15,685
Japa...
55ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2005 2008 2011 2012
The region’s GDP growth slightly slid to 5.7 percent from 5....
6 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
ASEAN
Pakistan
India
China
Russia
ROK
EU-28
Japan
ANZ
Canada
USA
2005
2008
2011
...
77ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
ASEAN
India
Pakistan
China
Russia
ROK
EU-28
Japan
USA
Canada
ANZ
2005
2008
2011
...
8 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2.1 Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, annual rate of change			
2 	ASEAN...
9ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
6.3
5.1
6.5
1.5
0.4
5.8
4.3
7.5
3.8
2.8
2012 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2...
10 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
42,445
978
3,588
1,394
10,338
861 2,565
52,069
5,391
1,596
4,698
1,273
3,748
20...
11ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
Brunei
Darussalam
Indonesia
Malaysia
Philippines
Thailand
50
100
150
200
2005 20...
12 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
Brunei
Darussalam
Indonesia
Malaysia
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
50
100
150
...
13ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2.6 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate, rate of change 						
2 	ASEAN Economy
Myanmar...
14 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2.7 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate							
2 	ASEAN Economy
Myanmar: not an offici...
15
ASEAN; 4.43
ASEAN; 0.55
ASEAN-6; 3.64
ASEAN-6; 0.04
CLMV; 7.51
CLMV; 1.37
in percent
1515ASEAN Economic Community Chart...
1616 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
-15,000
5,000
25,000
45,000
65,000
85,000
105,000
0
25
50
75
100
number
perce...
17
Total Trade, 759
Total Trade, 2,476
Intra-ASEAN, 167
Intra-ASEAN, 602
Extra-ASEAN, 592
Extra-ASEAN, 1,874
0
500
1,000
1...
18
Total Trade, 125%
Total Trade, 107%
Intra-ASEAN, 28% Intra-ASEAN, 26%
Extra-ASEAN, 98%
Extra-ASEAN, 81%
0%
20%
40%
60%
...
19
2005
2008
2011
2012
304,825
602,048
2,323
6,306
5,972
12,335
4,703
18,158
22,998
71,816
35,315
78,724
47,958
131,030
15...
20
Intra-
ASEAN
24.9%
Extra-
ASEAN
75.1%
2005
Intra-
ASEAN
24.3%
Extra-
ASEAN
75.7%
2012
2012
Intra-
ASEAN
24.8%
Extra-
AS...
212121ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
4.5 ASEAN Trade in Goods with selected trade partner countries/regions, in p...
222222 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013222222
4.6 ASEAN Exports of Goods to selected trade partner countries/region...
232323ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
4.7 ASEAN Imports of Goods from selected trade partner countries/regions, in...
24
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
ASEAN
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philipp...
25
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
ASEAN
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philipp...
262626 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 20132626 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 201326 ASEAN Economic Community Char...
272727ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
4.11 Top Ten ASEAN Import Commodities in 4 digit-HS, 2012					
4 	 ASEAN Tra...
2828 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2005 2008 2012
5.1 ASEAN Trade Balance with selected trade partners					
5 	A...
2929ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.2a 	 Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 5.2b Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Impor...
3030 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.3a Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 5.3b Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Import...
3131ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.4a	 Top 5 Export Commodities to China, 2012 5.4b Top 5 Import Commodities fr...
3232 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.5a Top 5 Export Commodities to Japan, 2012 5.5b Top 5 Import Commodities fr...
3333ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.6a Top 5 Export Commodities to ROK, 2012 5.6b Top 5 Import Commodities from ...
3434 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.7a Top 5 Export Commodities to USA, 2012 5.7b Top 5 Import Commodities USA,...
3535ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.8a Top 5 Export Commodities to EU-28, 2012 5.8b Top 5 Import Commodities fro...
3636 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.9a Top 5 Export Commodities to ANZ, 2012 5.9b Top 5 Import Commodities from...
3737ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.10a Top 5 Export Commodities to India, 2012 5.10b Top 5 Import Commodities f...
3838 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.11a Top 5 Export Commodities to Pakistan, 2012 5.11b Top 5 imports from Pak...
3939ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
5.12a Top 5 Export Commodities to Russia, 2012 5.12b Top 5 Import Commodities ...
4040 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
6.1 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments, by source country				
6 	Invest...
4141ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
2000-2005 2006-2012
Intra-
ASEAN
Extra-
ASEAN
Total
6.2 Net Inflow of Foreign ...
4242 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
EU, 21.4%
ASEAN,
16.9%
Japan,
13.2%
USA,
8.3%
China,
4.1%
Others,
36.0%
by ma...
4343ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
CLMV
Cambodia Lao PDR Myanmar Viet Nam
6.4 Net Inflows of Foreign Direct Inves...
4444 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
0
75,000
150,000
225,000
Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-b...
4545ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
Agro-based Automotive Electronics ...
in percent
2001 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4646 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
7.3 ASEAN Exports - 7 Priority ...
474747ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.1 Total ASEAN Export and Import of Services in billion US Dollars and as p...
4848 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.2 Total ASEAN Exports by 11 Service Headings 				
8 	 Other Developments in...
494949ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.3 Total ASEAN Imports by 11 Service Headings 						
8 	 Other Developments...
- 500 1,000 1,500 2,000
Brunei
Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietn...
51
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam
0
20
40
60
80
100
...
5252 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.6 	 Visitor Arrivals to ASEAN Member States
8 	 Other Developments in the A...
535353ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.7 	 Intra-ASEAN Visitor Arrivals
8 	 Other Developments in the ASEAN Econo...
54 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 20135454 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
8.8 	 Total and Intra-ASEAN Visitor...
Dr Dev Kambhampati | ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013
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Dr Dev Kambhampati | ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013

  1. 1. Asean Economic Community Chartbook 2013 one vision one identity one community
  2. 2. The ASEAN Secretariat Jakarta Asean Economic Community Chartbook 2013
  3. 3. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. The ASEAN Secretariat is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. For inquiries, contact: The ASEAN Secretariat Public Outreach and Civil Society Division 70A Jalan Sisingamangaraja Jakarta 12110 - Indonesia Phone : (62 21) 724-3372, 726-2991 Fax : (62 21) 739-8234, 724-3504 E-mail : public@asean.org General information on ASEAN appears online at the ASEAN Website: www.asean.org Catalogue-in-Publication Data ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, March 2014 339.959 1. ASEAN – Statistics 2. Economics – Trade – Investment ISBN 978-602-7643-72-7 The text of this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted, provided proper acknowledgement is given and a copy containing the reprinted material is sent to Public Outreach and Civil Society Division of the ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta. Copyright Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 2014. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. iiASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Chartbook 2013 captures macroeconomic developments in the ASEAN Member States and as a region vis-à-vis the global economy through a compilation of selected indicators presented in more than 50 different charts. We hope that this Chartbook will provide up-to-date and useful information on the progress achieved in 2012, in pursuit of the various economic integration initiatives toward the ASEAN Community by 2015. As we continue to issue this publication annually, feedback from stakeholders and users are welcome to further improve this reference material. Le Luong Minh Secretary-General of ASEAN Jakarta, December 2013 FOREWORD
  5. 5. ii ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 Table of Contents 1 ASEAN in the Global Economy 1.1 Population of ASEAN and selected trade partner countries/regions 1 1.2 Share to World Gross Domestic Product, based on PPP* Dollars, 2012 2 1.3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in billion PPP* Dollars and rate of change of real GDP, 2012 3 1.4 Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in billion US Dollars and rate of change of real GDP, 2012 4 1.5 Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), annual rate of change 5 1.6 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, in PPP Dollars 6 1.7 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, in US Dollars 7 2 ASEAN Economy 2.1 Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, annual rate of change 8 2.2 Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, quarterly rate of change 9 2.3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita at current prices 10 2.4 Consumer Price Index (CPI), all items and food 11 2.5 Consumer Price Index (CPI), transport and housing 12 2.6 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate, rate of change 13 2.7 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate 14 3 ASEAN Trade Liberalisation 3.1 Average Tariff Rates on intra-ASEAN Imports 15 3.2 Coverage of Commodity Items with Zero Tariff 16 4 ASEAN Trade Performance 4.1 Trend of ASEAN Trade in Goods 17 4.2 Trend of ASEAN Trade in Goods, in percent of GDP 18 4.3 ASEAN Trade in Goods with selected trade partner countries/regions 19 4.4 Intra- and Extra-ASEAN Trade in Goods 20 4.5 ASEAN Trade in Goods with selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 21 4.6 ASEAN Export of Goods to selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 22 4.7 ASEAN Import of Goods from selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 23 4.8 ASEAN Member States Export of Goods, by destination, 2012 24 4.9 ASEAN Member States Import of Goods, by origin, 2012 25 4.10 Top Ten ASEAN Export Commodities in 4 digit-HS, 2012 26 4.11 Top Ten ASEAN Import Commodities in 4 digit-HS, 2012 27 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency 5.1 ASEAN Trade Balance with selected trade partners 28 5.2a Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 29 5.2b Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Import Commodities, 2012 29 5.3a Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 30
  6. 6. iiiiiiiiiASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 Table of Contents 5.3b Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Import Commodities, 2012 30 5.4a Top 5 Export Commodities to China, 2012 31 5.4b Top 5 Import Commodities from China, 2012 31 5.5a Top 5 Export Commodities to Japan, 2012 32 5.5b Top 5 Import Commodities from Japan, 2012 32 5.6a Top 5 Export Commodities to ROK, 2012 33 5.6b Top 5 Import Commodities from ROK, 2012 33 5.7a Top 5 Export Commodities to USA, 2012 34 5.7b Top 5 Import Commodities from USA, 2012 34 5.8a Top 5 Export Commodities to EU-28, 2012 35 5.8b Top 5 Import Commodities from EU-28, 2012 35 5.9a Top 5 Export Commodities to ANZ, 2012 36 5.9b Top 5 Import Commodities from ANZ, 2012 36 5.10a Top 5 Export Commodities to India, 2012 37 5.10b Top 5 Import Commodities from India, 2012 37 5.11a Top 5 Export Commodities to Pakistan, 2012 38 5.11b Top 5 Import Commodities from Pakistan, 2012 38 5.12a Top 5 Export Commodities to Russia, 2012 39 5.12b Top 5 Import Commodities from Russia, 2012 39 6 Investments in ASEAN 6.1 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments, by source country 40 6.2 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments, in percent of GDP 41 6.3 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments to ASEAN, from 2008-2012 42 6.4 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments to the ASEAN Member States 43 7 ASEAN Priority Integration Sectors 7.1 Trend of Total Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors 44 7.2 Trend of Intra-ASEAN Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors 45 7.3 ASEAN Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors, annual rate of change 46 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community 8.1 Total ASEAN Exports and Imports of Services in billion US Dollars and as percentage of GDP 47 8.2 Total ASEAN Exports by 11 Service Headings 48 8.3 Total ASEAN Imports by 11 Service Headings 49 8.4 Internet Subscribers/User and Cellular Phone Densities (per 1000 persons) in ASEAN 50 8.5 Ratio of Paved Road to Total Road Length, in percent 51 8.6 Visitor Arrivals to ASEAN Member States 52 8.7 Intra-ASEAN Visitor Arrivals 53 8.8 Total and Intra-ASEAN Visitor Arrivals, by country of destination, 2012 54
  7. 7. This ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Chartbook is a visual chronicle of the ASEAN economy and its relations with major regions/partner countries and the rest of the world. It aims to provide information on the state of the ASEAN economy at some milestone years in the past and at present, and on discernible trends in key economic areas in the immediate future. The graphical information in this Chartbook is presented according to the following 8 sections: 1 ASEAN in the Global Economy situates the region in the global economic community in terms of population and economic size, growth, and welfare. 2 ASEAN Economy looks into some macroeconomic trends and developments within the region. 3 ASEAN Trade Liberalisation reports on the stages of facilitation for freer flow of goods within the region through tariff reduction. 4 ASEAN Trade Performance takes a closer look at the movement of goods within and outside of the region – trends of exports and imports, and composition and directions of trade. 5 ASEAN Trade with Selected Trade Partners charts the region’s trade position with selected dialogue partners and describes the concentration and dependencies of selected traded commodities. 6 Investments in ASEAN gives a broad time series profile of foreign direct investment inflow to the region, including the major sources of such investments. 7 ASEAN Priority Integration Sectors shows the trends of export of goods in the 7 priority sectors identified to help accelerate progress toward the AEC. 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community presents information on other important elements that sustain the regional economy – export of energy, access to communication, and tourism activity. The charts presented herein are based on data available in the various databases being maintained by the ASEAN Secretariat as submitted through relevant ASEAN working groups and/or data sharing schemes and/or as gathered from official publications and websites of data sources in the ASEAN Member States (AMS’) and international organisations as of 31 December 2013. Some data were derived/estimated using basic statistical practices employed by the ASEAN Secretariat. Unless otherwise stated, these figures are in no way considered as official statistics, and are used only to give indicative information. Asean Economic Community Chartbook 2013 INTRODUCTION CONTENTS CAVEAT
  8. 8. 617 27 1,354 507 1,223 128 50 314 142 35 179 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 ASEAN ANZ China EU-28 India Japan ROK USA Russia Canada Pakistan in million persons 2002 2012 1 ASEAN’s population placed third after China and India, expanding to 617 million in 2012 from 534 million in 2002. The region’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.45 percent compared to China’s 0.53 percent and India’s 1.44 percent during the 10-year period. Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 1.1 Population of ASEAN and selected trade partner countries/regions 1 Asean in the Global Economy in million persons 1600 1400 1200 800 400 0 1000 600 200 ASEAN China Japan ROKANZ India USAEU-28 Russia Canada Pakistan
  9. 9. 2 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 ASEAN, 4.3 ANZ, 1.3 China, 14.9 EU-28, 19.5 India, 5.6 Japan, 5.6 ROK, 1.9 USA, 18.9 Russia, 3.0 Canada, 1.8 Pakistan, 0.6 Rest of the World, 22.5 1.2 Share to World Gross Domestic Product, based on PPP* Dollars, 2012 Share of GDP at current PPP dollars to world total (%) 1 Asean in the Global Economy * Purchasing power parity Source of data: IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 The share of ASEAN to World GDP, in PPP dollars, was 4.3 percent, while the combined shares of ASEAN+3 (refers to ten Member States, China, Japan and Republic of Korea) reached 26.8 percent. in percent
  10. 10. 33ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 ASEAN, 3,619 ANZ, 1,103 China, 12,406 EU-28, 18,183 USA, 15,685 India, 4,684 Japan, 4,628 ROK, 1,614 Russia, 2,513 Canada, 1,488 Pakistan, 515 (2) - 2 4 6 8 10 in percent The region’s nominal GDP, in PPP dollars, amounted to 3.6 trillion Dollars. In real terms, ASEAN’s GDP growth at 5.7 percent was second to China’s 7.8 percent. 1.3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in billion PPP* Dollars and rate of change of real GDP, 2012 1 Asean in the Global Economy Note: Size of bubble indicates level of GDP in current international (PPP) billion dollars while bubble position plots the growth rate of real GDP * Purchasing Power Parity Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 in percent 10 8 6 4 2 (2) -
  11. 11. 4 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 ASEAN, 2,311 ANZ, 1,711 China, 8,227 EU-28, 16,641 India, 1,825 USA, 15,685 Japan, 5,964 ROK, 1,156 Russia, 2,022 Canada, 1,819 Pakistan, 232 (2) - 2 4 6 8 10 in percent 1.4 Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in billion US Dollars and rate of change of real GDP, 2012 1 Asean in the Global Economy Note: Size of bubble indicates level of GDP in billion US dollars while bubble position plots the growth rate of real GDP. Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 ASEAN GDP stood at US$2.3 trillion, 28 percent that of China or about 15 percent that of USA. In terms of PPP Dollars, the region’s GDP was 29 percent that of China and nearly 23 percent that of USA. in percent 10 8 4 2 (2) - 6
  12. 12. 55ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2005 2008 2011 2012 The region’s GDP growth slightly slid to 5.7 percent from 5.9 percent recorded in 2005. Notable downtrend in growth were experienced by China (by 3.5 percentage points), India (by 5.1 percentage points), Russian Federation (by 3.0 percentage points), and Pakistan (by 5.3 percentage points) for the same periods. 1.5 Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), annual rate of change 1 Asean in the Global Economy Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 3.13.13.1 -0.2 1.3 7.8 11.3 5.75.9 2.02.0 3.4 6.4 2.32.2 4.04.0 9.1 3.5 1.8 3.7 9.0 in percent ASEAN China Japan Korea ANZ India USA EU-28 Russia Canada Pakistan 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -2
  13. 13. 6 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 ASEAN Pakistan India China Russia ROK EU-28 Japan ANZ Canada USA 2005 2008 2011 2012 4,230 5,869 2,231 2,881 2,185 3,830 4,102 9,162 11,799 17,709 22,783 32,272 30,680 35,867 30,441 36,266 32,176 40,535 36,094 42,734 42,629 49,922 1.6 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, in PPP* Dollars 1 Asean in the Global Economy in current international (purchasing power parity) dollars * Purchasing power parity Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 From 2005 to 2012, the level of ASEAN’s GDP per capita (in PPP$) increased by 38.7 percent at US$5,869, but still way below that of its major trading partners. The biggest growth in GDP per capita was shown in China (by 123.3 percent), India (by 75.3 percent), Russia (by 50.1 percent) and the Republic of Korea (by 41.6 percent).
  14. 14. 77ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 ASEAN India Pakistan China Russia ROK EU-28 Japan USA Canada ANZ 2005 2008 2011 2012 1,641 3,748 727 1,492 721 1,296 1,726 6,076 5,313 14,247 17,551 23,113 27,989 32,825 35,781 46,736 42,629 49,922 36,150 52,232 34,152 62,910 1.7 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, in US Dollars 1 Asean in the Global Economy Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 In 2012, the region’s GDP per capita, at US$3,748, was significantly higher by 128.4 percent than its level in 2005. However, ASEAN’s GDP per capita represents only 40 percent that of China’s, and far below the rest of its major trading partners, except for India and Pakistan.
  15. 15. 8 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2.1 Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, annual rate of change 2 ASEAN Economy Note: ASEAN6 = Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand; CLMV = Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database In 2012, Lao PDR (by 7.9 percent), Cambodia (by 7.0 percent), Philippines (by 6.8 percent) and Thailand (by 6.5 percent) recorded the highest GDP growth among the ten Member States. Overall, the ASEAN6 regained its strength in 2012 over the previous year’s economic performance. In contrast, the CLMV country group’s GDP growth continued to decrease after it reached its peak in 2005. 0.4 13.6 5.7 7.3 5.3 13.6 4.8 7.4 4.6 8.4 5.4 9.8 5.9 1.0 7.0 6.2 7.9 5.6 5.9 6.8 1.3 6.5 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.7 in percent 2005 2008 2011 2012 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia LaoPDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand VietNam ASEAN6 CLMV ASEAN 15 10 5 0 -5 in percent
  16. 16. 9ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 6.3 5.1 6.5 1.5 0.4 5.8 4.3 7.5 3.8 2.8 2012 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2013 Q2 2.2 Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, quarterly rate of change 2 ASEAN Economy Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database Beginningthefirstquarterof2012,PhilippinesrecordedthehighestGDPgrowthamongtheASEAN5economies, followed by Indonesia and Malaysia. Thailand’s economy continued to recover from the fallout of 2011 dev- astating floods. in percent (year-on-year) 20 -5 10 15 5 0 Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand
  17. 17. 10 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 42,445 978 3,588 1,394 10,338 861 2,565 52,069 5,391 1,596 4,698 1,273 3,748 2005 2008 2011 2012 2.3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita at current prices 2 ASEAN Economy Notes: Myanmar’s data is based on the exchange rate in the IMF-WEO database of April 2013, which is US$1 = 843 Kyats (for 2012). Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 GDP per capita of the Member States varied extremely, ranging from US$50,000 to less than US$1000 in 2012. At one end, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam’s GDP per capita were above US$40,000 while Cambodia and Myanmar stood at less than US$1,000. Meanwhile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand’s per capita were within US$2,500 to US$10,400. in USD 60,000 0 40,000 50,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia LaoPDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand VietNam ASEAN6 CLMV ASEAN
  18. 18. 11ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 50 100 150 200 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Index, 2005=100 Overall, ASEAN 6 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand 50 100 150 200 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Index, 2005=100 Food, ASEAN 6 2.4 Consumer Price Index (CPI), all items and food base year = 2005 2 ASEAN Economy Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database In 2012, overall prices in Indonesia and Philippines increased by 59% and above 38% respectively. Food prices in Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand were higher by almost 40 percent and up. Index, 2005=100 Food, ASEAN6 Index, 2005=100 Overall, ASEAN6 200 150 100 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 200 150 100 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Indonesia Philippines Thailand Malaysia Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Thailand Philippines Malaysia Singapore Brunei Darussalam
  19. 19. 12 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand 50 100 150 200 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Index, 2005=100 Transport, ASEAN 6 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand 50 100 150 200 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Index, 2005=100 Housing, ASEAN 6 2.5 Consumer Price Index (CPI), transport and housing base year = 2005 2 ASEAN Economy Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database In 2012, transportation costs exhibited the highest increase in Philipines and Singapore, while housing prices were highest in Singapore and Indonesia. Nevertheless, transportation and housing inflation rates were still lower than food prices increase. Transport, ASEAN6 Index, 2005=100 200 150 100 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Index, 2005=100 Housing, ASEAN6 200 150 100 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Philippines Singapore Malaysia Thailand Indonesia Brunei Darussalam Singapore Indonesia Philippines Malaysia Thailand Brunei Darussalam
  20. 20. 13ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2.6 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate, rate of change 2 ASEAN Economy Myanmar’s Kyat-to-Dollar exchange rate is based on the IMF World Economic Outlook Database as of April 2013 Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 In 2012, Myanmar’s Kyat and Indonesian Rupiah depreciated the highest, by more than 5 percent while Philippines Peso remained strong, appreciating by more than 2 percent. A positive (+) rate of change connotes currency depreciation while a negative (-) rate of change indicates currency appreciation. 15 -10 5 10 0 -5 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
  21. 21. 14 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2.7 Currencies-to-US Dollar rate 2 ASEAN Economy Myanmar: not an official rate. Myanmar’s Kyat-to-Dollar exchange rate is taken from the IMF World Economic Outlook Database as of April 2013. Sources of data: ASEAN Secretariat Database and IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2013 For the last two years since the economic meltdown in 2008, most Member States managed to keep their currencies strong, with the exception of the Vietnamese Dong. 1.25 3.08 1.25 0 1 2 3 4 Brunei Darussalam Malaysia Singapore 2005 2008 2011 2012 4 3 2 0 1 Brunei Darussalam Malaysia Singapore 42.23 31.08 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Philippines Thailand 2005 2008 2011 2012 Philippines Thailand 60 50 40 0 30 20 10 4,038 9,384 8,007 843 20,828 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 Cambodia Indonesia LaoPDR Myanmar VietNam 2005 2008 2011 2012 25,000 20,000 15,000 0 10,000 5,000 Cambodia Indonesia LaoPDR Myanmar VietNam
  22. 22. 15 ASEAN; 4.43 ASEAN; 0.55 ASEAN-6; 3.64 ASEAN-6; 0.04 CLMV; 7.51 CLMV; 1.37 in percent 1515ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 3.1 Average Tariff Rates on Intra-ASEAN Imports 3 ASEAN Trade Liberalisation Source of data: ASEAN Tariff Database Average tariff rate on intra-ASEAN imports in ASEAN6 declined appreciably to 0.04 percent starting in 2010. Meanwhile, the CLMV’s average tariff rate reached 1.37 percent in the same period. 8.00 6.00 7.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 20132012 CLMV, 7.51 ASEAN, 4.43 ASEAN, 0.55 ASEAN6, 3.64 ASEAN6, 0.04 CLMV, 1.37
  23. 23. 1616 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 -15,000 5,000 25,000 45,000 65,000 85,000 105,000 0 25 50 75 100 number percent ASEAN (%) ASEAN-6 (%) CLMV (%) ASEAN ASEAN-6 CLMV bar chart: in percent line chart: in absolute number 161616 3.2 Coverage of Commodity Items with Zero Tariff * 3 ASEAN Trade Liberalisation * Based on Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT), initiated in 2000-2009; ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA), implemented in 2010 onwards Source of data: ASEAN Tariff Database Beginning in 2003, ASEAN6 has made rapid progress in reducing its tariff rates to zero by over 50 percent of the agreed commodity list. In contrast, the CLMV’s performance was more sluggish, reaching a 50-percent mark only in 2012 onwards. 100 75 50 0 25 percent number 105,000 85,000 65,000 -15,000 45,000 25,000 5,000 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 20132012 ASEAN6 (%) ASEAN6
  24. 24. 17 Total Trade, 759 Total Trade, 2,476 Intra-ASEAN, 167 Intra-ASEAN, 602 Extra-ASEAN, 592 Extra-ASEAN, 1,874 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in billion US$ 1717ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.1 Trend of ASEAN Trade in Goods 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database In 2012, the region’s total trade moderated to US$2.5 trillion, higher by 3.7 percent from last year’s level. Extra-ASEAN trade continued to account for three-fourths of total trade. in billion US$ 500 3,000 0 2,000 2,500 1,500 1,000 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  25. 25. 18 Total Trade, 125% Total Trade, 107% Intra-ASEAN, 28% Intra-ASEAN, 26% Extra-ASEAN, 98% Extra-ASEAN, 81% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 percent of GDP 1818 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013181818 4.2 Trend of ASEAN Trade in Goods, in percent of GDP 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Total trade as percent of the region’s GDP showed a downtrend after it hit the highest share of close to 140 percent in 2005. Intra-ASEAN trade, however, remained relatively unchanged at around 25 percent in 2012. 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 percent of GDP 40% 140% 0% 100% 120% 80% 60% 20%
  26. 26. 19 2005 2008 2011 2012 304,825 602,048 2,323 6,306 5,972 12,335 4,703 18,158 22,998 71,816 35,315 78,724 47,958 131,030 153,884 200,027 140,732 242,599 153,823 262,884 113,347 319,485 238,699 531,016 1919ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.3 ASEAN Trade in Goods with selected trade partner countries/regions 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Since 2005, intra-ASEAN trade value almost doubled reaching 602 billion in 2012. ASEAN + 3 (China, Japan and Republic of Korea) contributed a combined share of more than 50 percent. in million US Dollars Rest of the World China Japan EU-28 USA ROK ANZ India Russia Canada Pakistan Intra-ASEAN
  27. 27. 20 Intra- ASEAN 24.9% Extra- ASEAN 75.1% 2005 Intra- ASEAN 24.3% Extra- ASEAN 75.7% 2012 2012 Intra- ASEAN 24.8% Extra- ASEAN 75.2% 2008 2020 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013202020 4.4 Intra- and Extra-ASEAN Trade in Goods 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Intra-ASEAN trade remained relatively unchanged at around 25 percent in recent years. 2005 2008 2012
  28. 28. 212121ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.5 ASEAN Trade in Goods with selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database The region’s trade with China has gradually increased over the years while the shares of US and EU-28 has dwindled significantly. In 2012, China has become the top major trading partner, followed by Japan and EU-28. 2005 2008 2012 Others 19.5% USA 12.6% ANZ 2.9% Japan 12.6% India 1.9% EU-28 11.5% China 9.3% Canada 0.5% Intra- ASEAN 24.9% Russia 0.4% ROK 3.9% ANZ 3.2% Others 21.6% USA 9.8% Japan 11.3% India 2.6% EU-28 11.0% China 10.4% Canada 0.6% Intra- ASEAN 24.8% Pakistan 0.3% Russia 0.5% ROK 4.1% ANZ 3.2% Others 21.4% USA 8.1% Japan 10.6% India 2.9% EU-28 9.8% China 12.9% Canada 0.5% Intra- ASEAN 24.3% Pakistan 0.3% Russia 0.7% ROK 5.3% Pakistan 0.2%
  29. 29. 222222 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013222222 4.6 ASEAN Exports of Goods to selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database From 2005 to 2012, ASEAN has increased its share of export shipments to China from 8 percent to 11 percent, respectively. In contrast, EU-28 and US have decreased their share of imports from the region. Others 18% USA 14% ANZ 4% Japan 11% India 2% EU-28 13% China 8% Canada 1% Intra- ASEAN 25% Pakistan 0.3% Russia 0.23% ROK 4% Others 20% USA 10% Japan 11% India 3% EU-28 12% China 9% Canada 1% Intra- ASEAN 26% Pakistan 0.5% Russia 0.3% ROK 4% ANZ 4% ANZ 4% Canada 1% Others 21% USA 9% Japan 10% India 4% EU-28 10% China 11% Intra- ASEAN 26% ROK 4% Pakistan 0.4% Russia 0.4% 2005 2008 2012
  30. 30. 232323ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.7 ASEAN Imports of Goods from selected trade partner countries/regions, in percent share 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database ASEAN’s import share from China has likewise increased in 2005 to 2012 while the region’s purchases from Japan and US has contracted during the same periods. Others 21% USA 11% ANZ 2% Japan 14% India 1% EU-28 10% China 11% Canada 1% Intra- ASEAN 24% Pakistan 0.3% Russia 0.6% ROK 4% Others 23% USA 9% Japan 12% India 2% EU-28 10% China 12% Canada 1% Intra- ASEAN 24%Pakistan 0.1% Russia 0.8% ROK 4% ANZ 2% ANZ 2% Canada 0.5% Others 22% USA 8% Japan 11% India 2% EU-28 10% China 15% Intra- ASEAN 23% ROK 6% Pakistan 0.1% Russia 1% 2005 2008 2012
  31. 31. 24 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ASEAN Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Intra-ASEAN ANZ Canada China EU-28 India Japan Rep. of Korea Pakistan Russia USA Rest of the World in percent share 2424 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 20132424 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 201324 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.8 ASEAN Member States Export of Goods, by destination, 2012 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Lao PDR, Myanmar and Singapore shipped most of its products within the region, with shares ranging from 30 percent to 45 percent. Meanwhile, Brunei Darussalam’s top export market is Japan. Brunei Darussalam ASEAN Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam in percent share 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  32. 32. 25 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ASEAN Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Intra-ASEAN ANZ Canada China EU-28 India Japan Rep. of Korea Pakistan Russia USA Rest of the World in percent share 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ASEAN Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Intra-ASEAN ANZ Canada China EU-28 India Japan Rep. of Korea Pakistan Russia USA Rest of the World in percent share 2525ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.9 ASEAN Member States Import of Goods, by origin, 2012 4 ASEAN Trade Performance Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia and Myanmar imported most of their commodity items within the region, ranging from 35 percent to 45 percent shares. Brunei Darussalam ASEAN Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam in percent share 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  33. 33. 262626 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 20132626 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 201326 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.10 Top Ten ASEAN Export Commodities in 4 digit-HS, 2012 4 ASEAN Trade Performance HS - Harmonised System Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 2% Natural rubber in primary from or plates balata, guttapercha, guayule, chicle 2% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewritters of 8469 to 8472 2% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 8% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 3% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 3% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 2% Automatic data proccesing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form & machines for processing such data keyboard, printer, scanners, disk drives, power supply 3% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 8% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 3% Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form & machines for processing such data keyboard, printer, scanners, disk drives, power supply 3% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 3% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsi mile machines 2%Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 2%Natural rubber in primary form or plates balata, gutta- percha, guayule, chicle 2% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewriters of 8469 to 8472 2% Others 62% HS - Harmonized System Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database
  34. 34. 272727ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 4.11 Top Ten ASEAN Import Commodities in 4 digit-HS, 2012 4 ASEAN Trade Performance HS - Harmonised System Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Aircraft, powered; spacecraft & launch vehicles helicopters, satelites 1% Gold (including gold plated with platinum), unwrought or semimanufactured or powder 1% Parts & accessories for motor vehicles of 8701 to 8705 brakes, radiators, mufflers, exhaust pipes, clutches, steering wheels/columns/boxes 1% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 1% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 12% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 2% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 9% Automatic data proccesing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form & machines for processing such data keyboard, printer, scanners, disk drives, power supply 2% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 12% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 9% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsi mile machines 2% Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form & machines for processing such data keyboard, printer, scanners, disk drives, power supply 2% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 1% Parts & accessories..for motor vehicles of 8701 to 8705 brakes, radiators, mufflers, exha ust pipes, clutches, steering wheels/columns/boxes 1% Gold (including gold plated with platinum), unwrought or semimanufactured or powder 1% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewriters of 8469 to 8472 1% Aircraft, powered; spacecraft & launch vehicles helicopters, satellites 1% Others 61% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewritters of 8469 to 8472 1%
  35. 35. 2828 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2005 2008 2012 5.1 ASEAN Trade Balance with selected trade partners 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database The region is a net exporter with Australia New Zealand, EU-28, India, Pakistan, and US. In 2012, ASEAN’s trade surplus with EU-28 and US was reduced by half. On the other hand, ASEAN continued to be a net importer with China, Japan, Korea and Russian Federation as trade deficit with these partners even widened in 2012. in billion US$ 40,000 20,000 30,000 0 -10,000 10,000 -20,000 -30,000 -40,000 CanadaANZ China EU-28 India Japan Republic of Korea Pakistan Russia USA
  36. 36. 2929ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.2a Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 5.2b Top 5 Intra-ASEAN Import Commodities, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewriters of 8469 to 8472 2% Others 67% Others 61% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewriters of 8469 to 8472 2% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 2% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 3% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 4% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 7% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 19% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 21% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 3%
  37. 37. 3030 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.3a Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Export Commodities, 2012 5.3b Top 5 Extra-ASEAN Import Commodities, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Automatic data processing machines and unit thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form & machines for processing such data keyboard, printer, scanners, disk drives, power supplay 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 3% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 10% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 5% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 3% Others 74% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 3% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 10% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 9% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 9% Others 68% Gold (including gold plated with platinum), unwrought or semimanufactured or powder 1%
  38. 38. 3131ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.4a Top 5 Export Commodities to China, 2012 5.4b Top 5 Import Commodities from China, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 62% Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 5% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 17% Natural rubber in primary form or plates balata, guttapercha, guayule, chicle 5% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 6% Automatic data process machines, magn reader, etc. computer hardware 5% Others 75% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 2% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 8% Parts and accessories (not covers, carrying cases) for office machines & typewriters of 8469 to 8472 3% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 6% Automatic data process machines, magn reader, etc. computer hardware 6%
  39. 39. 3232 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.5a Top 5 Export Commodities to Japan, 2012 5.5b Top 5 Import Commodities from Japan, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 3% Others 63% Insulated wire, cable, electric conductors; optic fiber cable 2% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 19% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 7% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 6% Flatrolled products of iron or nonalloy steel of width 600mm or more, hot-rolled, not clad, plated, coated 3% Others 80% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 2% Parts & accessories for motor vehicles of 8701 to 8705 brakes, radiators mufflers, exhaust pipes, clutches, steering wheels/ columns/boxes 6% Motor cars & cehicles for trasporting persons (not 8702) 3% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 6%
  40. 40. 3333ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.6a Top 5 Export Commodities to ROK, 2012 5.6b Top 5 Import Commodities from ROK, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 52% Flatrolled products of iron or nonalloy steel of width 600mm or more, hot-rolled, not clad, plated, coated 2% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 3% Vessels for the transport of persons or goods cruise ships, excursion boats, ferry biats, cargo ships, barges 3% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 18% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 22% Others 52% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 9% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 13% Petroleum gases & other gaseous hydrocarbons propane, butane, ethylene 17% Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 5%
  41. 41. 3434 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.7a Top 5 Export Commodities to USA, 2012 5.7b Top 5 Import Commodities USA, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 68% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 5% Parts of aircraft, spacecraft, ballons, etc., of 8801, 8802 4% Turbojets, turbopropellers & other gas turbines; parts thereof 5% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 13% Aircraft powered; spacecraft & launch vehicles helicopters, satellites 5% Others 79% Other furniture and parts thereof office & household furniture, filling cabinets, counters, lockers, shelves, partitions 3% Automatic data process machines, magnetic reader, etc. computer hardware 6% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 6% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 3% Printing machinery; machines for ancillary uses to printing; parts thereof 3%
  42. 42. 3535ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.8a Top 5 Export Commodities to EU-28, 2012 5.8b Top 5 Import Commodities from EU-28, 2012 5 ASEAN TradewithSelectedTradePartners:ConcentrationandDependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 75% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 7% Oxygen-function amino-compounds 3% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 4% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 6% Automatic data process machines, magn reader, etc. computer hardware 5% Others 74% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 7% Mediacament mixtures (not 3002, 3005, 3006), put in dosage or packaged for retail 3% Turbojets, turbopropellers & other gas turbines; parts thereof 3% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 7% Aircraft powered; spacecraft & launch vehicles helicopters. satellites 6%
  43. 43. 3636 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.9a Top 5 Export Commodities to ANZ, 2012 5.9b Top 5 Import Commodities from ANZ, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 50% Automatic data process machines, magnetic reader, etc. computer hardware 2% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 21% Motor vehicles for transport of goods 5%Gold (including gold plated with platinum), unwrought or semimanufactured or powder 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 18% Milk and cream, concentrated or sweetened 6% Refined copper & copper alloys (no mast alloy of 7405), unwrought 6% Others 61% Gold (including gold plated with platinum), unwrought or semimanufactured or powder 3% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 12% Wheat and meslin 12%
  44. 44. 3737ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.10a Top 5 Export Commodities to India, 2012 5.10b Top 5 Import Commodities from India, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 59% Others 51% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 37% Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 11% Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped (or treated) of bark or sapwood, or roughly squared poles, piles, posts 5% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 6% Electronic integrated circuits & microassemblies; parts thereof 3% Cyclic hydrocarbons cyclanes, cyclenes, cycloterpenes 3% Motor vehicles for transport of goods 3% Diamonds, worked or not, not mounted or set 3% Corn (maize) 3% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 16%
  45. 45. 3838 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.11a Top 5 Export Commodities to Pakistan, 2012 5.11b Top 5 imports from Pakistan, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 50% Synthetic filament yarn (no sewing thread), no retail 2% Polycarboxylic acids & anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroxyacids and their..halogenated, sulfonated, nitrated, nitrosated derivatives 3% Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal 3% Parts & accessories for motor vehicles of 8701 to 8705 brakes, radiators mufflers, exhaust pipes, clutches, steering wheels/ columns/boxes 4% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 38% Others 51% Fish, frozen (excluding fillets or other fish meat) 3% Mediacament mixtures (not 3002, 3005, 3006), put in dosage or packaged for retail 4% Corn (maize) 10% Rice 13% Cotton, not carded or combed 19%
  46. 46. 3939ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 5.12a Top 5 Export Commodities to Russia, 2012 5.12b Top 5 Import Commodities from Russia, 2012 5 ASEAN Trade: Concentration and Dependency Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database Based on 4-digits Harmonised System (HS) Code Others 66% Electric heating/ drying water, space, soil, hair, hand & domestic appliances, electric heating resistors hair dryers, curlers, curling tongs, microwave ovens, ovens, coffe/ tea makers 3% Motors cars & vehicles for transporting persons (not 8702) 4% Motors vehicles for transport of goods 4% Palm oil & its fractions, not chemically modified 7% Electric apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy telephone sets, teleprinters, modems, facsimile machines 16% Others 15% Semifinished products of iron or nonalloy steel 17% Mineral or chemical fertilizers, potassic 3% Mineral or chemical fertilizers, mixtures of nitrogen, phosphorous or potassium, other fertilizers and all packaged fertilizers less than 10kg 4% Crude oil from petroleum and bituminous minerals 31% Oil (not crude) from petrol & bituminous minerals etc. 30%
  47. 47. 4040 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 6.1 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments, by source country 6 Investments in ASEAN Notes: Data for 2012 are preliminary figures; no data available for Brunei Darussalam. Lao PDR and Myanmar’s data on ‘by source country’ are not yet available; intra-/extra-ASEAN breakdowns for 2012 were estimated by the ASEAN Secretariat. Source of data: ASEAN FDI Database FDI inflows in the region amounted to US$110.3 billion, showing a flat growth in 2012 vis-à-vis 2011. Intra-ASEAN investments has grown in recent years although the level remained far below compared to that from extra-ASEAN. In 2012, FDI inflows largely came from EU-28, Japan and intra-ASEAN. Japan’s FDI in the region rose sharply, offsetting the decline from EU-28. Intra-ASEAN Extra-ASEAN Total in million US$ 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p/ 0 120,000 80,000 100,000 60,000 20,000 40,000 China EU USA in million US$ 20052000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p/ 0 30,000 28,000 26,000 24,000 22,000 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 -2,000 EU Japan ASEAN USA China
  48. 48. 4141ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 2000-2005 2006-2012 Intra- ASEAN Extra- ASEAN Total 6.2 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments, in percent of GDP 6 Investments in ASEAN Notes: Data for 2012 are preliminary figures; no data available for Brunei Darussalam. Lao PDR and Myanmar’s data on ‘by source country’ are not yet available; intra-/extra-ASEAN breakdowns for 2012 were estimated by the ASEAN Secretariat. Source of data: ASEAN FDI Database As a percentage of GDP, FDI inflows in the region was about 4.8 percent in 2012. The highest recorded was in 2007, reaching 6.5 percent. For periods 2006-2012, Singapore reaped the highest FDI inflows as a percentage of GDP at 19.2 percent, followed by Cambodia (at 7.8 percent), and Viet Nam (at 7.3 percent). Meanwhile, the rest of the Member States posted below 5.0 percent. 200520042003200220012000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 50 25201510 in percent of GDP percent of GDP 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN Indonesia Cambodia Brunei Darussalam
  49. 49. 4242 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 EU, 21.4% ASEAN, 16.9% Japan, 13.2% USA, 8.3% China, 4.1% Others, 36.0% by major source country Brunei Darussalam 0.6% Cambodia 1.1% Indonesia 16.1% Lao PDR 0.4% Malaysia 9.4% Myanmar 1.8% Philippines 2.3% Singapore 48.5% Thailand 10.1% Viet Nam 9.8% by receiving country 6.3 Net Inflow of Foreign Direct Investments to ASEAN, from 2008-2012 6 Investments in ASEAN Notes: Data for 2012 are preliminary figures; no data available for Brunei Darussalam. Lao PDR and Myanmar’s data on ‘by source country’ are not yet available; intra-/extra-ASEAN breakdowns for 2012 were estimated by the ASEAN Secretariat. Source of data: ASEAN FDI Database EU-28 and Japan led the external investors in ASEAN, accounting for almost 35 percent of the total FDI inflows. Singapore secured nearly half of the region’s FDI inflows, followed by Indonesia (with 16.1 percent), Thailand (with 10.1 percent) and Malaysia (with 9.4 percent). by receiving countryby major source country Brunei Darussalam 0.6% Cambodia 1.1% Singapore 48.5% Lao PDR 0.4% Malaysia 9.4% Philippines 2.3% Myanmar 1.8% Indonesia 16.1% Viet Nam 9.8% Thailand 10.1%
  50. 50. 4343ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 CLMV Cambodia Lao PDR Myanmar Viet Nam 6.4 Net Inflows of Foreign Direct Investments to the ASEAN Member States 6 Investments in ASEAN Source of data: ASEAN FDI Database Singapore remained as the leading FDI destination in the ASEAN. FDI inflows to Singapore doubled in 2010, following the global economic crisis in 2008-2009, and since then maintained the US$50 billion plus level of FDI inflows. In recent years, high influx of FDI in Viet Nam ranked it first among the CLMV economies. In 2012, Viet Nam’s FDI inflows reached US$8.4 billion. 0 60,000 55,000 50,000 45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 ASEAN 6 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p/ 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012p/ 0 14,000 13,000 12,000 11,000 10,000 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 in million US$ in million US$ ASEAN6 Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Myanmar Viet NamCambodia Lao PDR Thailand
  51. 51. 4444 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 0 75,000 150,000 225,000 Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-based Textiles and Apparels Wood-based in million US$ 2000 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 7.1 Trend of Total Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors 7 ASEAN Priority Integration Sectors Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database For the past years, electronic products remained as the region’s main export earner. However, its share to total exports has decreased from 29.5 percent in 2005 to 15.6 percent in 2012. 0 225,000 150,000 75,000 Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-based Wood-basedTextiles and Apparels in million US$
  52. 52. 4545ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-based Textiles and Apparels Wood-based in million US$ 2000 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 7.2 Trend of Intra-ASEAN Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors 7 ASEAN Priority Integration Sectors Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database In 2012, intra-ASEAN exports of electronic products declined by 9.3 percent to US$48.6 billion from US$53.6 billion the previous year. Similarly, its share to intra-ASEAN exports has more than halved from 28.4 percent in 2005 to 15.0 in 2012. Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-based Wood-basedTextiles and Apparels 10,000 60,000 40,000 50,000 30,000 20,000 0
  53. 53. in percent 2001 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 4646 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 7.3 ASEAN Exports - 7 Priority Integration Sectors, annual rate of change 7 ASEAN Priority Integration Sectors Source of data: ASEAN Trade Database In 2012, exports of electronic products, accounting for 15.6 of the region’s total exports, reversed favorably by 1.0 percent from last year’s negative growth. Except for the decline in agro-based (by 6.3 percent) and fisheries products(by 42.6 percent), export receipts from the other 5 Priority Integration Sectors recorded upturns. Automotive products posted the highest growth at 16.6 percent followed by wood-based products (at 14.1 percent) and rubber-based products (at 12.1 percent). in percent 60 30 45 0 -15 15 -30 -45 -60 Agro-based Automotive Electronics Fisheries Rubber-based Wood-basedTextiles and Apparels
  54. 54. 474747ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.1 Total ASEAN Export and Import of Services in billion US Dollars and as percentage of GDP 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database Total Export; 319.7 Total Import; 306.5 20062005 2008 2009 2010 2011 20122007 Value in billion US $ 350 300 200 150 100 0 -50 50 250 20062005 2008 2009 2010 2011 20122007 % of GDP 25% 20% 15% 0% 5% 10% Total Export; 319.7 Total Import; 306.5 -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Value in billion US $ Total Export; 13.8% Total Import; 13.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 % of GDP Total Export, 319.7 Total Export, 13.8% Total Import, 306.5 Total Import, 13.3%
  55. 55. 4848 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.2 Total ASEAN Exports by 11 Service Headings 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Transportation Travel Communication services Construction services Insurance services Financial Services Computer and information services Royalties and license fees Other business services Personal, cultural, and recreational services Government services, n.i.e
  56. 56. 494949ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.3 Total ASEAN Imports by 11 Service Headings 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Transportation Travel Communication services Construction services Insurance services Financial Services Computer and information services Royalties and license fees Other business services Personal, cultural, and recreational services Government services, n.i.e 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Transportation Travel Communication services Construction services Insurance services Financial Services Computer and information services Royalties and license fees Other business services Personal, cultural, and recreational services Government services, n.i.e
  57. 57. - 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Celullar phone per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 - 200 400 600 800 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 5050 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.4 Internet Subscribers/User and Cellular Phone Densities (per 1000 persons) in ASEAN 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons Celullar phone per 1000 persons Internet subscribers/users in the Member States continued to expand in 2012. In terms of cellular phone units per 1000 persons, the number increased noticeably in all Member States. Except in Myanmar, the rest of the Member States showed that there are more than 1000 units per 1000 persons - this further implies that 1 person owned more than 1 unit of cellular phone. Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Singapore Thailand Philippines Indonesia Viet Nam Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Singapore Thailand Philippines Indonesia Viet Nam 200- 800600400 500- 2,0001,5001,000- 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Celullar phone per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 - 200 400 600 800 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 - 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Celullar phone per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 - 200 400 600 800 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  58. 58. 51 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Value in percent 5151ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.5 Ratio of Paved Road to Total Road Length, in percent 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database 20 120 80 100 60 40 0 Value in percent 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Viet Nam Malaysia Myanmar Lao PDR Cambodia Brunei Darussalam Singapore Indonesia Thailand Philippines
  59. 59. 5252 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.6 Visitor Arrivals to ASEAN Member States 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Tourism Database 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Value in thousand 2000 2005 2012 In 2012, Malaysia continued to be the most visited country in the ASEAN as tourist arrivals reached 25 million. Catching up is Thailand with 22 million and Singapore at 14 million. Tourist arrivals to the region reached 89 million, with 83 percent cor- nered by the ASEAN6. Nevertheless, foreign visitors to the CLMV were higher by 19.2 percent while tourist arrivals in ASEAN6 increased by 8.2 percent from the previous year. 5,000 30,000 20,000 25,000 15,000 10,000 0 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Value in thousand
  60. 60. 535353ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.7 Intra-ASEAN Visitor Arrivals 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Secretariat database 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Value in thousand 2000 2005 2012 Malaysia was way ahead among the ten Member States in intra-ASEAN visitor arrivals at close to 20 million in 2012 while Thailand and Singapore gathered 6.5 million and 5.7 million, respectively. 5,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 0 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Value in thousand
  61. 61. 54 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 20135454 ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2013 8.8 Total and Intra-ASEAN Visitor Arrivals, by country of destination, 2012 8 Other Developments in the ASEAN Economic Community Source of data: ASEAN Tourism Database Malaysia garnered 47.2 percent share of intra-ASEAN’s tourist arrivals and 28.1 percent of the overall foreign visitors to the region. Intra-ASEAN Total Myanmar 1.2% Philippines 4.8% Singapore 16.2% Thailand 25.1% Viet Nam 7.7% Brunei Darussalam 0.2% Cambodia 4.0% Indonesia 9.0% Lao PDR 3.7% Malaysia 28.1% Myanmar 0.4% Philippines 0.9% Singapore 14.4% Thailand 16.2% Viet Nam 3.4% Brunei Darussalam 0.3% Cambodia 3.8% Indonesia 6.5% Lao PDR 6.8% Malaysia 47.2%

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