FLIPPING THE CLASSROOM
Moving from Teacher-Centered to Student-Centered ClassroomsFLIPPING THE CLASSROOM                     Devin Hess – Educati...
What’s your teaching style?    Traditional classrooms:      Teacher – centered:             Teacher as deliverer of cont...
What’s your teaching style?     Collaborative learning:      Student-Centered             Students work in groups       ...
Nature of homework      Students often do not understand      Cannot get help      Practice mistakes      Frustration ...
Reverse location of direct instruction and practice/application:FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL
Flipped Classroom Model:    There is no single “Flipped Classroom Model”!!!     It is an approach.     Multiple models o...
Flipped Classroom Model:The current ‘buzz’ in education: Oversimplified and often misapplied Criticisms and endorsements...
Flipped Classroom Model:     It’s not new!      Based on concepts from Dewey:             Student centered             ...
Flipped Classroom Model:     Origins of Current Approach:      “The Inverted Classroom”                Lage, Platt and T...
Three Flipped Classroom Models:     1. Simple Reversal of Instruction & Homework     2. Experiential Learning Cycles     3...
1.Reverse Instruction/HomeworkHome: Direct instruction via technology (videos, websites …) Practice basic skills        ...
1.Reverse Instruction/Homework      Benefits for students:       Ability to rewind and review instructional materials    ...
1.Reverse Instruction/Homework     Concerns:      Videos are a form direct-instruction:             Students are passive...
2.Experiential Learning CyclesFour Stage Process: Experience Explore Concepts Make Meaning Demonstrate & Apply From Ge...
3.Experiential Learning CyclesExperience: In class activities Engagement Inquiry From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experie...
3.Experiential Learning CyclesExplore: The “Flipped” stage Guided, independent exploration From Gerstein (2011). Based o...
3.Experiential Learning CyclesMake Meaning: At home and/or in class projects & activities. Bloom’s “Create” From Gerstei...
3.Experiential Learning CyclesDemonstrate &Apply: Share learning with peers. Teach From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experi...
3.Khan AcademyBackground: Salman Khan: background in math, engineering, computer science and business. 2004 – created ma...
3.Khan AcademyValuable resource for flipped classrooms: Over 4,000 free instructional videos Translated into dozens of l...
3.Khan AcademyA tool, not a model - multiple implementations: Support for project-based learning classrooms:    Source f...
Tools and resources … the techie side.TIPS FOR THE FLIP
Content Sources     It’s not just about the video!      Premade tutorials & programs (e.g. Khan Academy)      Interactiv...
Content PreparationMake you own? Content should be easy to navigate:    Multiple slides    Lesson reference points (hea...
Content Preparation      Recommendations:         Task                                           Level:    Simple     Inte...
Content Access     Goals:          Student can easily access and identify content:                Dropbox, Google Drive ...
Content Access      Recommendations:         Access.                                                         Options:     ...
Flipped hosting sites         Examples of two content-hosting sites        suitable for flipped classroom materials.Edcanv...
Questions ?        Isn’t video passive, non-engaging learning?               What if they don’t flip out at home?       ...
References: Bennet, B. (2011, Oct. 18). Video is not the answer. [Blog]. Educator, Learner. Retrieved from    http://www.b...
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Flipping the Classroom

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Understanding and implementing the flipped classroom.

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Flipping the Classroom

  1. 1. FLIPPING THE CLASSROOM
  2. 2. Moving from Teacher-Centered to Student-Centered ClassroomsFLIPPING THE CLASSROOM Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  3. 3. What’s your teaching style? Traditional classrooms:  Teacher – centered:  Teacher as deliverer of content and knowledge  Students as recipients  Direct instruction in class  Lecture, demonstrations, video presentations  Students are passiveDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  4. 4. What’s your teaching style? Collaborative learning:  Student-Centered  Students work in groups  Teacher as facilitator Dilemma:  Difficult to transmit basic instruction  Time constraintsDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  5. 5. Nature of homework  Students often do not understand  Cannot get help  Practice mistakes  Frustration – give upDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  6. 6. Reverse location of direct instruction and practice/application:FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL
  7. 7. Flipped Classroom Model: There is no single “Flipped Classroom Model”!!!  It is an approach.  Multiple models of implementation.  Represent different learning theories.  Pedagogical considerations are key! “the Flipped Classroom isnt a methodology. Its an ideology.“ ~ Brian BennettBennet, B. (2011, Oct. 18).
  8. 8. Flipped Classroom Model:The current ‘buzz’ in education: Oversimplified and often misapplied Criticisms and endorsements must reference particular implementation.
  9. 9. Flipped Classroom Model: It’s not new!  Based on concepts from Dewey:  Student centered  Hands-on, experiential  Flexible demonstration of mastery  Pre-Tech:  Read at home, collaborative projects in class.Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  10. 10. Flipped Classroom Model: Origins of Current Approach:  “The Inverted Classroom”  Lage, Platt and Treglia (2000)  “The Flipped Classroom” term usually attributed to:  Jon Bergman/Aaron Sams (2006)  Submitted The Flipped Classroom book for publication in Feb. 2011  Khan’s Ted Talk:  Popularized and became identified with “Flipped Classroom” in March, 2011Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  11. 11. Three Flipped Classroom Models: 1. Simple Reversal of Instruction & Homework 2. Experiential Learning Cycles 3. Khan AcademyDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  12. 12. 1.Reverse Instruction/HomeworkHome: Direct instruction via technology (videos, websites …) Practice basic skills School: • Homework in small groups • Differentiated class – students move at own speed
  13. 13. 1.Reverse Instruction/Homework Benefits for students:  Ability to rewind and review instructional materials  Move at own pace  Support in class for homework.  Increased time for teacher-student interaction  Peer support: peer coaches, collaborationDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  14. 14. 1.Reverse Instruction/Homework Concerns:  Videos are a form direct-instruction:  Students are passive recipients of knowledge  Not experiential, constructivist.  In-class time:  Still drill & kill?  Individuals isolated on computers doing exercises? Key is transformation of learning process!Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  15. 15. 2.Experiential Learning CyclesFour Stage Process: Experience Explore Concepts Make Meaning Demonstrate & Apply From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  16. 16. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesExperience: In class activities Engagement Inquiry From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  17. 17. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesExplore: The “Flipped” stage Guided, independent exploration From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  18. 18. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesMake Meaning: At home and/or in class projects & activities. Bloom’s “Create” From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  19. 19. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesDemonstrate &Apply: Share learning with peers. Teach From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  20. 20. 3.Khan AcademyBackground: Salman Khan: background in math, engineering, computer science and business. 2004 – created math videos to help cousin 2005 – increased demand YouTube postings 2009 – Founded Khan Academy Significant funding from Gates Foundation, Google and others From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  21. 21. 3.Khan AcademyValuable resource for flipped classrooms: Over 4,000 free instructional videos Translated into dozens of languages Serves over 6 million students per month Coordinated with practice problems Sophisticated student analytics Organized ‘meet-ups’ in over 500 cities From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  22. 22. 3.Khan AcademyA tool, not a model - multiple implementations: Support for project-based learning classrooms:  Source for background skill instruction and practice.  Provides time for deep engagement and creativity in class. Simple flip:  Direct instruction via videos at home.  Collaborative and individualized homework support in the classroom. Supplement standard classrooms:  Students have additional support resources during homework From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  23. 23. Tools and resources … the techie side.TIPS FOR THE FLIP
  24. 24. Content Sources It’s not just about the video!  Premade tutorials & programs (e.g. Khan Academy)  Interactive web sites  Primary source images or documents  Simulations and animations  Slide-shares  Hyper-linked images  Web-quests  Forms, polls, questionnairesDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  25. 25. Content PreparationMake you own? Content should be easy to navigate:  Multiple slides  Lesson reference points (headings, index) Keep content clear, concise and well focused.  Display "Essential Question" at the top or bottom of each screen. Keep production standards high:  Check: Mic volume, camera focus, transitions, etc.
  26. 26. Content Preparation Recommendations: Task Level: Simple Intermediate Advanced Screen-O- Computer based screen capture: Snag-It Camtasia Matic iPad based screen and pen capture: ShowMe Educreations Doceri On-line lesson creation tools: Edcanvas Sophia LectureTools iPad as whiteboard and lesson recorder AirServer Splashtop DoceriDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  27. 27. Content Access Goals:  Student can easily access and identify content:  Dropbox, Google Drive or YouTube  Confusion and distraction  Premade programs (Khan)  Well organized, includes practice & student tracking.  Embed file links directly into lesson instructions.  Learning goals will be fresh.  Monitor Student engagement:  See who has accessed the material.  Track skill mastery.  Students interact with content, other students, and/or the teacher.  Some platforms incorporate limited social-network elements.Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  28. 28. Content Access Recommendations: Access. Options: File-only access Google Drive Dropbox School LMS Video/Slide-only access YouTube TeacherTube SlideShare Khan Screen-cast access ShowMe Educreations Academy Multi-modal Sophia Edcanvas LectureToolsDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  29. 29. Flipped hosting sites Examples of two content-hosting sites suitable for flipped classroom materials.Edcanvas Sophia Very simple  Very simple Student analytics  Student analytics Limited content types  Multiple content types Multi-slide  Single screen  “Pathways” linked to content standards
  30. 30. Questions ?  Isn’t video passive, non-engaging learning?  What if they don’t flip out at home?  Flip across the digital divide?  No time to re-design . . .  Other questions?
  31. 31. References: Bennet, B. (2011, Oct. 18). Video is not the answer. [Blog]. Educator, Learner. Retrieved from http://www.brianbennett.org/blog/video-is-not-the-answer/ Gerstein, J. (2011, June 13). The flipped classroom model: A full picture. [Blog] User-Generated Education. Retrieved from http://usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com/2011/06/13/the-flipped-classroom-model-a-full-picture/ Khan Academy [website]. Retrieved on April 6, 2013 from https://www.khanacademy.org/about Lage, M., Platt, G., and Treglia, M. (2000, Winter) Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. The Journal of Economic Education , 31(1) (Winter, 2000), 30-43. Retrieved from JSTOR at http://www.jstor.org/stable/1183338 Musallam, R. (2013, Jan. 5): A pedagogy-first approach to the flipped classroom: Exploring overlaps between inquiry & technology. Cycles of Learning. Retrieved from http://www.cyclesoflearning.com/files/38160d33feb8aa0c0f531ef6368dbd71-85.php Westermann, K., Rummel, N. (2012, July). Delaying instruction: Evidence from a study in a university relearning setting. Instructional Science 40(4) 673-689. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11251-012-9207- 8#page-1 Wilhelm, J. (2012). Cultures of collaboration: Leveraging classroom potential. Voices from the Middle, 20(2), 60-62. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.er.lib.k- state.edu/docview/1288617207?accountid=11789?accountid=11789

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