Statistics and open data2


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Statistics and open data2

  1. 1. CARICOM
  2. 2. CARICOM
  4. 4. • Engagement of the International Statistical Community with Open Data; • United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC),41st Session at UN Headquarters New York, February 2010; • Seminar on Emerging Trends in Data Communication; OBJECTIVES: • to share the experiences of statistical managers/producers on new approaches to disseminating data to users and on demands being made on statistical offices as disseminators of statistics; • to inform participants about the innovations in the communication of data and on movements towards open data. 4 CARICOM
  5. 5. • UNSC is the apex entity for Statistics- setting and approving statistical standards; • Keynote speaker at seminar was Hans Rosling ; SOME MAIN ISSUES: • Public access to data:-Statistics should be freely available to users; • Means of achieving open access to data: Data should be free, and the reusability of it should be free; • Open Licensing- Creative Commons in use by Australia Bureau of Statistics (ABS); 5 CARICOM
  6. 6. SOME MAIN ISSUES: (Cont‟d) • Concerns that statistical offices are not user- oriented; • Non-statisticians through innovations use the statistics produced to create new, more user- friendly products; • Spatial data systems development was emphasized as an integral part of data dissemination-providing area profiles; • Data are everywhere and goes beyond data available from official statistics and that “more data is better”; • Understanding the data is vital - Metadata ; • More data is better only if there is an understanding of the meaning of the data. 6 CARICOM
  7. 7. SOME MAIN ISSUES: (Cont‟d) • Micro data files are important statistical outputs; • Two key questions raised were :  How to present the right data with the right context to meet users needs?  How to ensure that the most recent and most correct data are used and displayed? • Access to information is a key to open government: „Public access to government –held information allows individuals to better understand the role of government and decisions being made on their behalf; 7 CARICOM
  8. 8. • Public money is used to fund the statistics/produced by a government institution. It should be universally available • Public good if left to markets may be under-produced –non- rivalry; Historical Public Use of Statistics: • Emergence of statistics -the needs of states to collect data- in its early origins t statistics was known as the “science of the state(craft)”- • Early use of statistics – census-taking in early Egypt and the Roman Empire. (Fighting and money to fund wars). • Citizens were counted - for the evaluation of taxation through the early census in Rome. • Data were collected by the state for framing military and fiscal policies. • In the USA early census –in 1790, to establish a basis for representation in Congress and the allocation of taxes; • In England the most famous early census is that of the 'Domesday Book„; 8 CARICOM
  9. 9.  The Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics • Adopted by the UN in 1994 some points in the preamble: Official statistical information is an essential basis for development in the economic, demographic, social and environmental fields and for mutual knowledge and trade among the States and peoples of the world . It emphasizes the essential trust of the public in official statistics. It recognizes the role of citizens, enterprises in providing appropriate and reliable data to ensure that quality statistics are collected. Further the cooperation that is required between users and producers to meet user‟s needs was recognized. 9 CARICOM
  10. 10.  Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics (Cont‟d):  Principle 1 on providing the public with data:  Official statistics provide an indispensable element in the information system of a democratic society, serving the Government, the economy and the public with data about the economic, demographic, social and environmental situation. To this end, official statistics that meet the test of practical utility are to be compiled and made available on an impartial basis by official statistical agencies to honor citizens' entitlement to public information.(FPOS, 1994) 10 CARICOM
  11. 11.  Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics:  Principle 3 on metadata  To facilitate a correct interpretation of the data, the statistical agencies are to present information according to scientific standards on the sources, methods and procedures of the statistics produced.  Principle 4 Misuse of statistics  The statistical agencies are entitled to comment on erroneous interpretation and misuse of statistics. 11 CARICOM
  12. 12.  Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics (Con‟t)  Principle 6 - Confidentiality of Individual Data:  Individual data collected by statistical agencies for statistical compilation, whether they refer to natural or legal persons, are to be strictly confidential and used exclusively for statistical purposes.  Principle 7 - Making the laws public:  The laws, regulations and measures under which the statistical systems operate are to be made public. 12 CARICOM
  13. 13.  POWER TO COLLECT INFORMATION- CONFIDENTIALITY PROVISIONS  National Statistical System -National Statistical Offices and statistical producing agencies collect and disseminate a number of statistical data sets  Statistics Acts of most countries in CARICOM give power to the relevant statistical authority to collect statistical information.  Some Acts do not extend to all suppliers of information;  Supremacy of the Act in terms of collection of data for statistical purposes is not addressed in some of the Acts;  The Acts of most countries adequately address the confidentiality of information. 13 CARICOM
  14. 14. SOME CHALLENGES IN PRODUCING STATISTICS IN COUNTRIES  Small size- lack of capacity;  Staffing – lack of trained statistical staff;  Increased demand for statistics in an environment of declining resources, resulting in critical data gaps;  Non-response to questionnaires and surveys carried out by the NSOs;  Outdated legislative frameworks;  Challenge in staying relevant (by providing timely and user-friendly data) in a changing environment; 14 CARICOM
  15. 15. SOME CHALLENGES IN PRODUCING STATISTICS IN COUNTRIES (Cont‟d)  Uncoordinated national statistical systems (NSS);  Inadequate information technology (IT) resources;  Lack of focus on strategic planning (NSDS framework) to produce high-quality statistics to support regional and national policy objectives;  Weak satellite units – line ministries often have inadequate statistical and IT capacity. 15 CARICOM
  16. 16. CAPACITY BUILDING TO SUPPORT COMPILATION AND DISSEMINATION  CARICOM Secretariat along with other organizations executes statistical capacity- building;  These capacity-building activities are financed by donors that seem to be stepping up relative to the delivery of more substantial support to statistics; 16 CARICOM
  17. 17. CAPACITY BUILDING TO SUPPORT COMPILATION AND DISSEMINATION (Cont‟d)  European Union- the most significant funding in recent times: ◦ the implementation of statistical programming; ◦ IT infrastructure- organization of databases and ◦ introduction of a web-based system for data submission and equipment and software; ◦ improvement in National Accounts Source Data; ◦ Trade in Services; ◦ Merchandise Trade; ◦ ICT Statistics, ◦ Social/Gender and Environment Statistics; ◦ Training in Sampling, Management; Classifications; ◦ Established Help Desk Facility. 17 CARICOM
  18. 18. CAPACITY BUILDING TO SUPPORT COMPILATION AND DISSEMINATION through CARICOM SECRETARIAT  IDB- three projects funded under the Regional Public Goods Facility: ◦ Common Census Framework ( in collaboration with UNFPA); ◦ A Common Framework for the Production Statistics: Model Statistics Bill; Further Development of the Regional Statistical Work Programme (RSWP) which was approved by the Community Council of Ministers in 2005; Data Warehousing Archiving; ◦ A Common Literacy Survey;  DFID: Support to the Census –Mapping, Data processing; Training;/Technical Assistance;  CDB/CIDA – Demographic Data Analysis  UNSD/UNICEF Data dissemination – DevInfo/ CensusInfo 18 CARICOM
  19. 19. • CARICOM Secretariat does not collect data directly-Some of the main data sets compiled:  National Accounts Data are also produced countries- this will include mainly GDP by Industry – Current and Constant Prices; GDP by Expenditure- Current Prices.  Population Census Data-work in progress on Census e-portal  Retail Price Index – from which is derived the rate of inflation. The frequency of this data set is monthly.  Labour Force Statistics – including the unemployment rate produced by most countries with the exception of most of the countries of the Eastern Caribbean. Work is in progress in this area with these countries.  Merchandise Trade Statistics- data on Imports, Exports, Total Trade 19 CARICOM
  20. 20. Some of the main data sets compiled (cont‟d)  Balance of Payments Statistics- including Foreign Direct Investment;  External Debt Statistics;  Government Statistics- Central Government Revenue and Expenditure  International Trade in Services Statistics;  Social/Demographic Statistics- Education, Migration; Health. Crime Statistics;  Tourism Statistics/ Tourism Satellite Accounts (few countries);  Environment Statistics, Information Communication Technologies (ICT) statistics represent ( now commencing data dissemination/collection /expansion) fairly new areas of statistics; Agriculture Statistics, Energy and other statistics n.e.s. (some of these developmental) 20 CARICOM
  21. 21. DISSEMINATION OF DATA ONLINE • NSOs with own websites – Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago; • Hosted on Government websites – Antigua and Barbuda; The Bahamas, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, an the Associate Members-Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands and Cayman Islands; • CARICOM Secretariat Regional Statistics programme • • Regional Publications, Data Series- last five years; CARICOMInfo, Help Desk Facility; Statistics Legislation; etc. 21 CARICOM
  22. 22. BELIZE:  News letter – subscribe  Official release of the main results of the 2010 population and housing census  Belize Consumer Price Index (CPI) for February 2011  2010 2nd quarter GDP – press release  “Did you know” – CPI; Census information; Agriculture / Industry sector;  Abstract of Statistics – 2009  Web pages:  Belize facts & maps;  Belize statistics vs. UK, USA and Canada  Demographic information 24 CARICOM
  23. 23. BELIZE (Cont‟d):  Statistics:  External Trade (15)  Labour Force (4)  Legislation (1) – statistical act  SIB reports  New documents – PHC press release  Hot documents – not active  External Trade: (no. of times items downloaded – low as 1528 to high as 2478)  Trade statistics, 2000-2008 –last updated 24/2/09  Belize External Trade bulletin – 2007 – 2009 Dec – last updated 11/3/2010  Publications 25 CARICOM
  24. 24. JAMAICA:  Economic statistics  Int‟l Merchandise Trade  Production  National Accounts  Price indices  Labour Market & Earnings  Labour force  Employment & earnings 26 CARICOM
  25. 25. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Demographic and Social Statistics  Population  Births, deaths & migration  Marriages and divorces  Methodology  Censuses  Agriculture  Population & Housing  Environment  Imports of motor vehicles, 2001 – 2004  Use of irrigation by methods, 2007 27 CARICOM
  26. 26. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  National Statistics System  Support for development of national statistic system project  Workshop  Workshop agenda  Project board members  Project team  Presentations:  CARICOM- statistics, regional  CARICOM statistics, social  Economic statistics 28 CARICOM
  27. 27. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Framework for environment statistics corporate strategies  Official statistics  PARIS21  Importation of data and lesson learned  Vision 2030 Jamaica  Public sector  Trade  Imports by S.I.T.C sections, 2007-2011 (last updated 5/1/2012)  Exports by S.I.T.C. sections, 2007-2011 (last updated 5/1/2012)  Traditional and non-traditional domestic exports, 2007-2011 29 CARICOM
  28. 28. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Production:  Volume of Prod. Of specified manufactured products, 2006-2008  Volume of prod. Of specified agriculture crops, 2006-2008  Volume of prod. In the mining sector, 2006-2008  Prices:  Consumer price index, - 2011  Inflation rate, 2011  Producer‟s price indices, 2011 30 CARICOM
  29. 29. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Prices (Cont‟d):  Mining, 2011  Manufacturing, 2011  National Accounts  GDP – main aggregates and per capita indices - 2006-2010  GDP- expenditure, annual, 2006-2010  GDP- by income, 2001-2010  Gross value added by industry by constant/current prices, 2001-2010  Rate of growth of value added by industry at current/constant prices, 2001-2010  Tourism digest gross value added 31 CARICOM
  30. 30. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Labour Market & Earnings  LF main indicators  LF main agriculture groups  LF main Occupational group  LF main Industrial group  LF pop. 14 yrs. and over by economic activity  LF (female stats)  LF (male stats)  Employed LF by age group  Employed LF by Industry  Employed LF by Occupational group 32 CARICOM
  31. 31. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Labour Market & Earnings (cont‟d)  Unemployed LF by age group  Unemployed LF by occupational group  Unemployed LF by industrial group  Persons outside of LF by age group and sex  Subscriptions:  CPI 2007, annual review USD 10  Demographic statistics, 2007, USD 8  Employment & Earnings, 2007, USD 7  External Trade, 2004, USD 8  LF statistics, 2007, USD 8  National income and Product produced, USD 16  Pocket book of statistics ,2003, USD 6 33 CARICOM
  32. 32. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Production statistics, 2007 USD 7  Producer‟s price index, 2008, USD 11  Producer price index bulletin, USD 3  CPI bulletin, 2010 4 Q, USD 3  Quarterly GDP, 2009, USD 6  Survey of living conditions, USD 35  Employment statistics 2003 & mineral account, USD 20  Jamaica environment in your pocket book, USD 4  Environment statistics & SOE 2001, USD 11  Household & Environment, 2002, USD 6 34 CARICOM
  33. 33. JAMAICA (Cont‟d):  Environment statistics 2005 and water, USD 20  LF bulletin, USD 4  Pop. Census 2001, country - USD 22  Pop. Census 2001, age and sex, vol. 2 – USD 28  Pop. Census 2001, education , part A, USD 18  Pop. Census2001, Housing vol. 4 – USD 13  Feedback  Confidential statement – terms and conditions of data use  NEWS:  Media Advisory- statistical statements for: CPI 35 CARICOM
  34. 34. • OPEN DATA- data are free, based on open standards, freely usable; SOME OPERATING RULES RE OPEN DATA AND STATISTICS: • Copyright Issues/attribution- Creative Commons;  Sources of Data-detailed data sources must be provided;  Estimating for missing data – should be discouraged;  ECOSOC 2006/6- greater transparency …by the avoidance of imputations unless reliable country data are available for reliable imputations following consultations with countries ; 36 CARICOM
  35. 35. •  SOME OPERATING RULES RE OPEN DATA AND STATISTICS (Cont‟d):  Gapminder Foundation- note on its sources of data: Gapminder has combined the data …. From several sources such as official international statistics, various historical sources and own estimates – A further note on a particular variable – discouraging the use of that data set for statistical analysis;  Explanations about the data- Metadata;  Statistics Act-release of individual data-Micro data. 37 CARICOM
  36. 36. • Open data – as a catalyst to the improvement of Statistics; • Place demands on Statistical Offices re higher standards in production and dissemination; • Greater Interaction with users to be relevant an use-oriented in the activities/outputs; • Appropriately resourced to deliver the data to an increasing and more diverse group of users. • Statistics is an important category of Open Data and its contribution can aid it own development and elevate its positioning. 38 CARICOM
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