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Opportunities for open spatial data


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Presentation by Dr. Bheshem Ramlal

Published in: Technology
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Opportunities for open spatial data

  1. 1. Opportunities forOpen Spatial Data Bheshem Ramlal, Ph.D. Department of Geomatics Engineering and Land Management The University of the West Indies St. Augustine
  2. 2. Presentation Overview• Introduction• Spatial Data Development in Trinidad and Tobago• Open Spatial Data Access – Issues and Prospects• UWI’s role• Conclusions
  3. 3. Introduction• From its initial development in Canada in the 1960s, GIS has grown significantly to become pervasive in almost all societies• Globally, spatial data development is a multi- billion dollar industry
  4. 4. GIS Worth -Global Estimates
  5. 5. Introduction• With changes in ICT, spatial data have become much more accessible to users• Initially most spatial data were not accessible to the public.• There has been a gradual move by many countries from cost-recovery policies to open access policies• Move to develop the public commons for Geospatial Data
  6. 6. ArcGIS Online
  7. 7. GEOSUR
  8. 8. IMAP Jamaica
  9. 9. Open Source Software
  10. 10. Open Source Software
  11. 11. GIS Development in Trinidad and Tobago• WASA • NEMA Tobago • MoWT• TTEC • Forestry • LSA• TTPOST • MFPLMR • HDC• EMA • Police • MPESDGA• IMA • SUATT • MNS• TCPD • SSA • MSYA• LSD • MoH • PoSCC• LMD • CSO • TSTT• PETROTRIN • MPA • TATT• NGC • FSD• MoLG • MoEEI• ODPM • MoE
  12. 12. Data Sets AvailableRoads and other transportation Landslides Underground Storage Tanksnetworks Buildings OceanographyWetlands, Lagoons, Ponds, Communications TopographyLakes Network Coastline and Coastal ActivitiesAdministrative Boundaries Utilities Aerial Photos & satellite ImagerySoils Oil and Gas Facilities Survey PlansGeology Gas Stations Seismic ActivitiesFood Supply Networks Watercourses QuarriesPublic Safety Organizations Flood Plains Recreation facilities and openHealth Care Providers spaces Demographic DataPublic Health Facilities National Parks/ Protected AreasWater Quality Existing Land UseWatersheds Cemeteries and cremation sitesElectoral Boundaries Industrial PlantsDumps Emergency Op/ Disaster sheltersMeteorological Educational FacilitiesVegetation Sensitive SitesWASA Installations and wells
  13. 13. Status of GIS Development Status of Agencies No of AgenciesInterest in GIS development 31GIS needs assessment completed 10GIS implementation plan completed (document) 9GIS training acquired 21GIS database development initiated 19GIS database completed 5Enterprise GIS 8Metadata Developed 2Data Sharing Policy 5Data and Spatial products available on website 4
  14. 14. Open Spatial Data: Issues• Lack of Metadata• No Metadata Standards• Lack of Data Sharing Policies• Lack of Accuracy Specifications
  15. 15. Open Spatial Data: Prospects• Significant effort being made to develop Enterprise GIS by government agencies• Government moving towards the development of national policy on Spatial Data Infrastructure• Technology becoming more available for the sharing of spatial data in Trinidad and Tobago
  16. 16. A Role for the DGELMThe UWI has had significant input in GISDevelopment in Trinidad and Tobago – The UWI has designed and delivered over 60 training courses in GIS to industry in the last 15 years – Certificate in GIS and a MSc Geo- informatics programs delivered by UWI – Provided consulting services for the design and development of several enterprise GIS for Government and Private Sector organizations – Set up the GIS Society of Trinidad and Tobago
  17. 17. A Role for the DGELM• Provide support and advice to stakeholder with respect to policies, standards, and technical requirements• Conduct relevant research and develop appropriate solutions• Develop and make available spatial data sets where possible• Advocate for policy changes• Support training needs of stakeholders
  18. 18. Conclusions• While extensive work has been done in the development of spatial data sets most are not available for open access to the public• There is some movement by government towards setting up a NSDI but this is still at a very early stage of development• There is much work to be done to convince government to adopt open access policies• The UWI has played a significant role in making spatial data openly available