PROJECT TIGER• Project Tiger was launched in 1973 inIndia.• The Project aims at ensuring a viable population of tigers in their natural habitats and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage for the people.• The projects task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would emigrate to adjacent forests.
The Indian tiger population at the turn of the 20th century was estimated at20,000 to 40,000 individuals. The first country-wide tiger census conducted in1995 estimated the population to comprise a little more than 1,800 individuals.In 1973, the project was launched in Palamau Tiger Reserve, and various tigerreserves were created in the country based on a core-buffer strategy. For eachtiger reserve, management plans were drawn up based on the followingprinciples:Elimination of all forms of human exploitation and biotic disturbance from thecore area and rationalization of activities in the buffer zone.Restricting the habitat management only to repair the damages done to theecosystem by human and other interferences so as to facilitate recovery of theecosystem to its natural state.Monitoring the faunal and floral changes over time and carrying out researchabout wildlife.
PLANS• Wildlife protection and crime risk management in the present scenario requires a widely distributed Information Network, using state-of-the-art information and communication technology. This becomes all the more important to ensure the desired level of protection in field formations to safeguard the impressive gains of a focused project like Project Tiger.• Space technology has shown the interconnectivity of natural and anthropogenic phenomena occurring anywhere on earth. Several tiger reserves are being linked with the Project Tiger Directorate in the GIS domain for Wildlife Crime Risk Management.
• India, being home to about 60% of the worlds wild tiger population, is now the best hope for tiger survival. The Indian tiger is under severe pressure from habitat reduction and poaching for Traditional Chinese Medicine.• With only 2000-3000 tigers left in severely fractured habitats in India, there is a distinct threat that the wild tiger could collapse into the extinction vortex in the near future and disappear forever.
REASONS FOR DECREASE IN THEIR NUMBER• The major threat to TIGER population are numerous, such as poaching for trade,shrinking habitat,depletion of prey based species ,growing human activities etc.• The trade of the TIGER skin and the use of their bones in traditional medicines etc.
SAVE TIGERS• Today there is still a will in the region to save the tiger.• Law in India sets tiger habitat aside, and significant financial resources are committed every year by the governments to save the tiger.• There are 22 tiger reserves and many more national parks and sanctuaries.• Our focus is on wild tigers and we do not support captive breeding of tigers - they are big cats in cages that would never survive if released into the wild.
FACT ABOUT TIGERS• One of the most fascinating facts about the wild tiger is the extremely close and extended bond between the tigress and her cubs. A tiger learns every survival skill from its mother - which can not happen if they are fed in cages. If we preserve their habitat, they will live. Probably the most important reason for saving the wild tiger - being at the top of food chain, her survival means the survival of all other species that live in her habitat and preserving the complex relationships within an ecosystem that was created by Nature and that can not be recreated by man.