Our food

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Our Food

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Our food

  1. 1. By Devang
  2. 2.  Food contains different substances which are useful top our body. These substances are called Nutrients. These nutrients are necessary for life and growth.  Food contains nutrients like proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. It also contains water and roughage.
  3. 3.  Proteins help your body to grow. They help your body to build muscles, other organs and blood. That is why foods which contain proteins are called body building food.  Eg- nuts, milk, fish.
  4. 4.  Carbohydrates give us energy. People who do more physical work need more carbohydrates.  Eg- sugar, rice, potatoes.
  5. 5.  Fats too give us energy. They also help to keep your body warm.  Too much of fat is not good for your health.  Eg- oil, butter, ghee, nuts and fish.
  6. 6. Vitamins and minerals are need in small amount by our body. They also help your body to fight diseases. Vitamins: there are different types of vitamins like vitamins A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
  7. 7.  There are many different minerals such as calcium and iron which are needed by our body. You need calcium for strong bones and teeth . Iron helps in formation of blood.  Eg- wheat, meat, eggs
  8. 8.  Roughage is the fibre part of the food we eat. It cannot be digested and also has no food value. But it is very important as it helps our body to move the undigested food through the digestive system and out of the body.
  9. 9.  Water is needed by our body to function properly. Food contains some amount of water. But it is not sufficient. Your body needs more water. You must drink at least four to five glasses of water every-day.
  10. 10.  The food you eat every day is your diet. The diet that provides all the nutrients in the right amount is a balanced diet. A balanced diet keeps you fit and healthy.
  11. 11.  Fruits and vegetables are grown in fields. Very offen , dust and mud stick to them that’s why we must clean the raw food.
  12. 12.  Fruits and some vegetables like carrots, cucujmber and radish are eaten raw. But other foods have to be cooke before eating. Cooking makes the food soft, tasty and easy to digest Idli: steamed food Bread : baked food
  13. 13.  Food gets spolit if it is kept for a long time. Germs start growing in it.  We can preerve food in freezing , drying, canning, and adding salt, sugar, vinegar or oil.

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