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For Classroom Use Only!  No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted in any...
WORLD 1 – MODULE 1         A Quest to Understand Where            Everything Comes From               LEARNING UNIT 3    A...
Lecture Outline1) Complex Adaptive Systems and Living Systems Defined2) Properties and Characteristics of Complex Adaptive...
Defining Complex AdaptiveSystems and Living SystemsA number of interacting elements capableof examining and responding to ...
Holarchic Structure                              And so on…                                Bioregion                      ...
Open and Purposeful SystemsOpen Systems……exchange information, matter, andenergy with the environment (critical foradaptat...
Adaptation, Self-Organization and EmergenceAdaptation (a property of the elements)Each element is able to learn and initia...
Sensitivity to Initial Conditions:A Characteristic of all Chaotic Systems                                                 ...
System Adaptation and EvolutionCapacity                                                     New Life Conditions More struc...
Life Creativity“So the driving force of evolution, according to the emerging newtheory, is to be found not in the chance e...
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W1 m1-u3 cas+ls

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W1 m1-u3 cas+ls

  1. 1. For Classroom Use Only! No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the priorpermission in writing from the Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University. © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  2. 2. WORLD 1 – MODULE 1 A Quest to Understand Where Everything Comes From LEARNING UNIT 3 Appreciating Things from the Perspective of Complex Adaptive and Living Systems Introduction to the Theoryof Complex Adaptive Systems and Living System © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  3. 3. Lecture Outline1) Complex Adaptive Systems and Living Systems Defined2) Properties and Characteristics of Complex Adaptive Systems and Living Systems • Holarchic Structure • Open and Purposeful Systems • Adaptation, Self-Organization and Emergence • Sensitivity to Initial Conditions • System Adaptation and Evolution • Life Creativity © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  4. 4. Defining Complex AdaptiveSystems and Living SystemsA number of interacting elements capableof examining and responding to eachother’s behavior using a set of rules thataim at improving their own behavior as wellas the behavior of the overall system. Bacteria: Complex adaptive systemsNo centralized control mechanisms to and living systemscoordinate behavior.Non-linear processes and multipleintertwined feedback loops. Crystals: Simple systems © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  5. 5. Holarchic Structure And so on… Bioregion Ecosystem Community Family Body Organ Tissue Cell Cell © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  6. 6. Open and Purposeful SystemsOpen Systems……exchange information, matter, andenergy with the environment (critical foradaptation and self-organization)Purposeful Systems……use feedback loops to achieve internalgoals (such as homeostasis) Source: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/Press_releases/20 06/03_07_06.html © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  7. 7. Adaptation, Self-Organization and EmergenceAdaptation (a property of the elements)Each element is able to learn and initiatestructural changes in the face of changes in itsenvironment.Self-OrganizationThe spontaneous emergence of new structuresand new forms of behavior in open systems farfrom equilibrium, characterized by internalfeedback loops and described mathematically bynon-linear equations.Emergence (a property of the whole)The system exhibits properties and behaviorsthat are not present in the parts and cannot bededuced from the analysis of the parts. © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  8. 8. Sensitivity to Initial Conditions:A Characteristic of all Chaotic Systems Lorentz Butterfly Effect Chaotic system produces ordered structures and patternsSource: http://langley.atmos.colostate.edu/grp21.html © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  9. 9. System Adaptation and EvolutionCapacity New Life Conditions More structural complexity Surge to New Dynamic More degrees of freedom Stability Greater flexibility and creativity Higher flows of matter, info, energy Life ConditionsDynamic Stability/ Equilibrium Chaos Phase- Outcome ??? Extinction path Critical point Regression path Bifurcation Time © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University
  10. 10. Life Creativity“So the driving force of evolution, according to the emerging newtheory, is to be found not in the chance events of random mutations,but in life’s inherent tendency to create novelty, in the spontaneousemergence of increasing complexity and order.” ~ Fritjof Capra, The Web of Life Source: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_CloseUp/pale oclimatology_closeup_2.php © 2012 Giordano Bruno GlobalShift University

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