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The City of DetroitPast, Present and Future            Presentation toDetroit Young Professionals (DYP)            Kurt Me...
MissionData Driven Detroit provides accessiblehigh-quality information and analysis todrive informed decision-making.     ...
A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate
A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate       Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate       Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
www.DetroitDataCollaborative.org
Development         HistoryYear Builtby 5 Acre Gridcells     1920 and Earlier     1921 - 1940     1941 - 1960     1961 - 1...
Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post-World War II                                      Post-3,500,000               Tri-        ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
I-75                                         M-10                                M-39                                     ...
Detroit in 201“It was the best of times,    it was the worst of times.”                  Charles Dickens…..A Tale of Two C...
Hazel                                                 Warren                                                  Eastpointe  ...
2000 – 2010 Population Change by Race/Ethnicity Group                                                        CITY OF DETRO...
The Suburban Movement of the 1990s Increased Post-2000                                             Post-    With Exodus of...
2000 – 2010 Population Change by Age Group                                                                    DETROIT     ...
Hazel                          Warren                                 Eastpointe       St Clair Shores                    ...
St Clair                                                                                                                  ...
When Children Reached School Age, Many Parents Decided to                Leave Detroit for the Suburbs                    ...
Family Economic Security                                                                                                  ...
Family Economic Security                                                                                                  ...
DETROIT STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK plan                    december 2012
Live Downtown BoundariesWoodward Corridor InitiativeDetroit Works Project Demonstration AreasNext Detroit Neighborhood Ini...
The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future
The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future
The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future
The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future
The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future
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The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future

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Data Driven Detroit (D3) Director Kurt Metzger's presentation to Detroit Young Professionals (DYP) on January 31, 2013.

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The City of Detroit: Past, Present, and Future

  1. 1. The City of DetroitPast, Present and Future Presentation toDetroit Young Professionals (DYP) Kurt Metzger Data Driven Detroit (D3) January 31, 2013 A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
  2. 2. MissionData Driven Detroit provides accessiblehigh-quality information and analysis todrive informed decision-making. A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
  3. 3. A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate
  4. 4. A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
  5. 5. A Michigan Nonprofit Association Affiliate Affiliated with the Michigan Nonprofit Association
  6. 6. www.DetroitDataCollaborative.org
  7. 7. Development HistoryYear Builtby 5 Acre Gridcells 1920 and Earlier 1921 - 1940 1941 - 1960 1961 - 1980 1981 - 1990 1991 - 2000 2001 - 2004
  8. 8. Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post-World War II Post-3,500,000 Tri- Tri-County Totals 3,150,147 3,092,197 1950 3,016,1973,000,000 1960 3,762,390 2,884,705 1970 4,203,743 2,840,897 1980 4,044,236 2,692,261 1990 3,912,679 2000 4,043,4672,500,000 2010 3,863,924 2,092,2462,000,000 1,849,568 1,670,144 1,511,4821,500,000 1,166,629 1,203,339 1,027,974 951,2701,000,000 713,777 500,000 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Census Bureau
  9. 9. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 80,150 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1950 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  10. 10. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 56,275 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 1,410 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1960 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  11. 11. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 39,582 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 405 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1970 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  12. 12. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 32,710 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 29 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1980 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  13. 13. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 16,901 5,000 - 9,999 115 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1990 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  14. 14. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 17,090 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2000 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  15. 15. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,001 - 16,051 5,001 - 10,000 6 - 5,000 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 20100 0.45 0.9 1.8 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 4/10/2011
  16. 16. Detroit in 201“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” Charles Dickens…..A Tale of Two Cities
  17. 17. Hazel Warren Eastpointe St Clair Shores Southfield Oak Park Royal Ferndale Park 102 Oak 102 Harper Grosse Woods Pointe Mound Rd Woods 24 E 75 McNichols Rd 53 Evergreen Rd 8 Highland Park Grosse 5 Pointe 3 Hamtramck Farms 10 Grosse Pointe Co 39 Grosse nn Pointe er St 96 94 Park Redford Detroit ve W tA Je f res frie ve E Fo Fw s e nA e y arr Av Livernois A EW on 1 Evergreen Ave rs ffe Je W n W st E rre o re Wa veF v e ve A A E r he Fis wy F Dearborn 75 375 Heights Fis W 12 her 153 Fw y 85 Dr ag Dearborn oo Pct. Change in Population, 2000-2010 nS t By Census Tract, Detroit, MI Percent Population Change Population Less Than 100Inkster -63.2% - -45% Other City Melvindale -44.9% - -30% River -29.9% - -15% Rouge -14.9% - 0% Allen Park 0.1% - 15% 15.1% - 30% Taylor Lincoln 30.1% - 493.2% Ecorse Park 0 0.5 1 2Source: U.S. Census. Data Driven Detroit. 4/15/2011 Miles
  18. 18. 2000 – 2010 Population Change by Race/Ethnicity Group CITY OF DETROIT All Ages -25.0% NonHispanic 26 4% -26.4% White -44.4%African American -24.0%Native American -25.1% Asian and PI -19.2% Other Race -40.7% Multi Race -33.1% Hispanic 3.2% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% Source: 2010 Census
  19. 19. The Suburban Movement of the 1990s Increased Post-2000 Post- With Exodus of African Americans From Detroit African Other/ White Asian Hispanic American Multi Macomb -16,189 50,902 8,176 6,660 2,664 Oakland -68,354 42,595 18,319 12,921 2,104 Washtenaw 3,642 3,826 6,746 5,021 2,530 Wayne -126,804 -131,826 10,659 18,053 -10,316 Out-Wayne Out- -82,487 53,567 12,445 16,541 -3,327 Detroit -44,317 -185,393 -1,786 1,512 -6,989 Source: Census Bureau
  20. 20. 2000 – 2010 Population Change by Age Group DETROIT All Ages -25.0% Age 0-4 -34.2% Age 5-9 -47.2% Age 10-14 -36.8% Age 15-19 -4.5% Age 20-24 -17.6% Age 25-29 -41.0% Age 30-34 -39.3% Age 35-39 -30.8% Age 40-44 -33.3% Age 45-49 -25.5% Age 50-54 -3.7% Age 55-59 19.4% Age 60-64 26.5% Age 65-69 -6.6% Age 70-74 -30.2% Age 75-79 -29.6% Age 80-84 -11.6% Age 85+ 3.8% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60%Source: 2010 Census
  21. 21. Hazel Warren Eastpointe St Clair Shores Oak Park Royal Ferndale Park 102 Southfield Oak 102 Harper Woods Grosse Pointe 24 Woods 75 53 8 Highland Park Grosse 5 Pointe 3 Hamtramck Farms 10 Grosse Pointe 39 96 Grosse Pointe 94 Park Redford 1 96 Dearborn 75 375 Heights 12 Detroit 153 85 Dearborn Pct. Change, Population Under 18Inkster By Census Tract, Detroit, MI, 2010 Percent Change Other City -92.8% - -60% Less than 25 Youth -59.9% - -40% Melvindale River -39.9% - -20% Rouge -19.9% - 0% Allen Park 0.1% - 20% 20.1% - 40% Taylor Lincoln 40.1% - 47.8% Ecorse Park 0 0.5 1 2Source: U.S. Census. Data Driven Detroit. 4/13/2011 Miles
  22. 22. St Clair Hazel Eastpointe Shores Oak Park Ferndale Warren Southfield Park Royal Oak 5032 5031 5002 5001 5075 5068 5067 5061 5392 5391 5081 Harper 5390 5381 5051 5050 5033 5034 Grosse 48235 5408 5401 5062 5003 Woods 5417 5409 5080 5069 5066 Pointe 48234 5074 48205 5418 5415 5397 5388 5389 5382 Woods 5407 5402 5393 5035 5006 5410 5070 5065 5007 5079 48219 5396 5394 5386 5073 5071 5063 5049 5036 5008 48236 5406 5403 5384 5004 5005 5009 5387 5383 5064 5414 5412 5411 5405 5385 5078 5072 5040 5041 5010 5015 5413 5395 5054 48203 5404 48221 5113 5011 5104 5052 5039 5012 5016 Grosse 5431 5376 5369 5362 5361 5432 5421 5302 5301 5105 5048 5042 5014 Pointe Highland 5106 5017 48238 48224 5443 Farms 48212 5430 5375 5370 5368 5363 5044 5043 5013 5442 5435 5422 Park 5110 5121 5434 5303 5018 5429 5423 5377 5371 5367 5364 5317 Hamtramck 5047 5055 5122 5020 5019 5436 Grosse Redford 5441 48223 5425 5424 5378 5316 5304 5315 5319 5114 5107 48213 5143 5123 5124 Pointe 5437 5428 5366 5365 5322 5438 5372 5318 Grosse 48211 5426 5373 5305 5313 5323 5159 5142 5126 5427 5314 5141 Pointe 48227 5440 5439 5312 9852 5342 5324 5464 5469 5451 5352 5343 5341 5309 48206 5339 5119 5112 9851 5185 5161 5145 5139 5129 Park 48239 5353 5311 5331 5184 5160 48202 5351 5344 5308 5326 5156 5132 5463 5465 5468 5452 5332 5330 9859 5186 5162 5136 5137 5466 5467 5453 5354 5357 5347 5345 5335 5334 5333 5224 5180 5188 5163 5152 5154 48214 48215 5350 5133 48228 5454 5355 5356 48204 5337 5336 5222 5223 5202 5175 5189 5168 5164 5153 5157 5461 5460 5272 5219 5203 5462 5455 5265 9850 5273 482085204 5167 48201 48207 5459 5218 5169 5221 5220 5166 9855 Dearborn 5170 5456 5264 5254 Heights 5458 5262 5215 5165 5261 5263 5255 5213 5207 5172 5171 5457 48210 5258 5214 48226 5260 5257 5256 5231 48216 5208 48243 5234 5211 5240 5233 9853 5241 5232 Dearborn 5238 5242 5250 48209 Detroit Zip Codes and 5243 5249 2010 Census Tracts 5245 Inkster 48217 Melvindale River 5247 Rouge Allen Park 5248 Taylor Lincoln Ecorse Park 0 0.5 1 2Source: Data Driven Detroit. U.S. Census. Michigan Center for Geographic Information. 2011. Miles
  23. 23. When Children Reached School Age, Many Parents Decided to Leave Detroit for the Suburbs 0%The Population 5to 9 years of agedecreased in all -10% -24.0%ZIP Codes. 48205Losses -20% -39.1% 48207 -46.3% -47.7%accelerated -47.5% -54.4% -54.9% 48211when children -58.6% -30% 48212reached school -63.0%age, with African 48213American -40% 48214families leaving 48215for close in 48224suburbs. -50%Hamtramck 48234fared muchbetter than the -60%rest. -70%
  24. 24. Family Economic Security State of the Detroit ChildFood Assistance Program Participation 2007 - 2010 Detroit Food Assistance Program Participation Change in Median Household 50 & Family Income 40 $45,695 41.0% $39,855 30 In 2011, 41 percent of Detroit households $30,524 27.4% When adjusted to 2011 dollars, median 20 reported receiving food assistance. The $25,193 household income in Detroit decreased by rate for Wayne County, outside of Detroit, more than a third (36.8 percent) between was 16.6 percent, while the state, minus 10 1999 and 2011. Half of all Detroit house- Detroit, came in at 16.5 percent. Household Family holds had an annual income in 2011 of less 0 than $25,000. Families, while losing a little less buying power than households, expe- 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 rienced a 33.2 percent decrease. 1999 2011 1999 2011 While the economic downturn was feltChildren Living Below the Poverty Line in 2011 across the state, with large decreases in all areas, median household income in 2011 15 to 17 years 48.8% for the state was 1.8 times that of Detroit at $45,981 and the state’s median family 12 to 14 years 58.7% income was 1.9 times higher at $56,068. 6 to 11 years 56.0% 5 Years & Under 62.7% Percent of children in poverty: Percent Change 34.8% in 1999. 57.3% in 2011. +64.7% -33.2% 1999 to 2011 -36.8%The percent of children and youth in pov- driven by the high poverty rates of singleerty increased from 34.8 percent in 1999 parent, female-headed, families. While theto 57.3 percent in 2011. As shown above, poverty rate for married couple familiesthe youngest children, 5 years and younger, with children was 29.7 percent in 2011, Percent Change in Medianhad the highest rate of poverty - 62.7 that for single parent, female-headed, fami- Household/Family Incomepercent. The poverty rate for children was lies was 59.1 percent Between 1999 & 2011 Page 8
  25. 25. Family Economic Security State of the Detroit ChildFamily Poverty Rate by Educational Attainment Unemployment Ratesof Householder in 2011 30 60.4% 56.9% 25 50.4% 20 42.2% 40.1% 15 30.5% 29.3% 10 21.9% 22.2% 14.1% 16.1% 5 6.6% 0 Married Couple 2000 2010 2005 2009 2007 2004 1990 2002 2008 2003 2006 1998 1993 1997 1999 1996 1994 1995 2001 1992 2011 1991 Single Male Single Female Less than high school graduate High school graduate (includes equivalency) 35.5% Detroit State of Michigan 49.1% Percent of Detroit’s families Percent of Detroit’s Some college, associates degree whose income in the past 12 months working age population Bachelors degree or higher was below the poverty level. who were not working in 2011.The importance of education to the eco- families had the lowest poverty rates As shown in the chart above, Detroit’s Detroit’s high unemployment rate was fur-nomic outcomes for families is very clear across all educational attainment levels. unemployment rate has consistently been ther compounded by the fact that it had the- income increases and poverty decreases Their lower poverty rates were due to the twice that of the state average since 2001. highest percentage of working age peopleas education increases. Of all family house- fact that they are more likely to have more It began rising after 2000 and reached a not participating in the labor force of anyhold types living below the poverty level, than one earner in the household. high of 24.9 percent in2009. Additionally, major city in the country.those with householders in possession of a the city’s unemployment rate during thebachelor’s degree or higher experienced The highest poverty rates among fam- last decade has run well over twice that of Almost half (49.1%) of Detroiters betweendramatically lower poverty rates. ily households were found among those the six-county Detroit metropolitan area. 16 and 64 years of age reported not work- headed by single females who lack ad- ing during 2010-2011. Only 27 percentThe poverty rate for married couple fami- vanced degrees. The poverty rate for single of the working age population reportedlies tracked consistently at half or less that parent, female-headed, families, which was working full-time during the period (50-52of single parent families. Married couple 46.4 percent overall, dropped to only 14.1 weeks and 35 hours of more per week). percent when the householder had at least a bachelor’s degree. Page 9
  26. 26. DETROIT STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK plan december 2012
  27. 27. Live Downtown BoundariesWoodward Corridor InitiativeDetroit Works Project Demonstration AreasNext Detroit Neighborhood InitiativeLive Midtown Boundaries Federal, foundation, city and corporate ¯Skillman Good Neighborhoods investment program areas in Detroit, MICommunity FoundationNSP I 0 0.5 1 2 3 4 MilesNSP IIRenaissance Zones Source: Midtown Detroit Inc., CFSEM, NSP I/II, NDNI; Data Driven Detroit. Map created 2011. NSP I Next Detroit Neighborhood Initiative Detroit Works Project Demonstration Areas NSP II Renaissance Zones Woodward Corridor Initiative Live Downtown Boundaries Skillman Good Neighborhoods Live Midtown Boundaries Community Foundation

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