1) Define "deviance." (Chapter 6) 2) How does the "absolutist approach" explain deviance? (Chapter 6) ...
<ul><li>HOMICIDE RATES ARE 3 TIMES HIGHER IN THE US COMPARED TO COUNTRIES WITH SIMILAR POLITICAL & ECONOMIC SYSTEMS. </li>...
WHY IS THERE SO MUCH VIOLENCE IN AMERICA?
VIOLENCE “ THE EXPRESSION OF PHYSICAL OR VERBAL FORCE AGAINST ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL(S).”
 
 
 
VIOLENCE IN SPORTS “ PHYSICAL ACTS, AS WELL AS THREATS OF PHYSICAL HARM, COMMITTED BEYOND THE NORMAL LEVELS EXPECTED WHILE...
 
 
 
 
VIOLENCE VS AGGRESSION VIOLENCE: “ THE EXPRESSION OF PHYSICAL OR VERBAL FORCE AGAINST ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL(S).” AGGRESSION: ...
2 FORMS OF AGGRESSION 1) INSTRUMENTAL AGGRESSION -NON-EMOTIONAL & TASK ORIENTED. *VIOLENCE IS AN OUTCOME OF REACTIVE AGGRE...
<ul><li>VIOLENCE IN SPORTS OCCURS IN 2 FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>ATHLETE VIOLENCE </li></ul><ul><li>SPECTATOR/FAN VIOLENCE <...
WHAT CAUSES SPECTATOR/FAN VIOLENCE?
SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY “ US VERSUS THEM” -STATES THAT GROUP MEMBERSHIP CREATES SELF-CATEGORIZATION & ENHANCEMENT IN WAYS T...
 
WHAT CAUSES ATHLETE VIOLENCE?
THEORIES TO EXPLAIN ATHLETE VIOLENCE
BIOLOGICAL THEORY -AGGRESSION IS A BASIC, INHERENT HUMAN CHARACTERISTIC. -SPORT IS A SOCIALLY ACEPTABLE WAY TO DISCHARGE T...
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY -AGGRESSION IS CAUSED BY FRUSTRATION. -IT IS SITUATIONAL. -FRUSTRATION RESULTS WHEN ONE’S EFFORTS TO ...
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY -AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IS LEARNED THROUGH MODELING & REINFORCED BY REWARDS & PUNISHMENTS.
REINFORCEMENT FOR ACTS OF VIOLENCE
1) THE ATHLETE’S IMMEDIATE REFERENCE GROUP
2) STRUCTURE OF THE GAME
3) ATTITUDES OF FANS & MEDIA
THE MASS MEDIA CONTRIBUTES TO ATHLETE & FAN/SPECTATOR VIOLENCE ________________________________________________ -IT OFFERS...
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Unit 3 violence

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Unit 3 violence

  1. 1. 1) Define &quot;deviance.&quot; (Chapter 6) 2) How does the &quot;absolutist approach&quot; explain deviance? (Chapter 6) 3) How does the &quot;constructionist approach&quot; explain deviance? (Chapter 6) 4) What is a &quot;sport ethic?&quot; (Chapter 6) 5) Explain the 4 general norms that form the sport ethic. (Chapter 6) 6) Explain the difference between &quot;violence&quot; and &quot;aggression. (Chapter 7) 7) What are reasons for fan violence? (Article) 8) How does the mass media contribute to sports violence? (Article) 9) Explain the 3 major theories that seek to explain violent aggression in sports. (Article) 10) Reinforcement for acts of sports violence come from what 3 sources? (Article)
  2. 2. <ul><li>HOMICIDE RATES ARE 3 TIMES HIGHER IN THE US COMPARED TO COUNTRIES WITH SIMILAR POLITICAL & ECONOMIC SYSTEMS. </li></ul><ul><li>16,000+ MURDERS IN THE US EACH YEAR (2 PER HOUR). </li></ul><ul><li>11,000+ PEOPLE ARE KILLED EVERY YEAR IN THE US BY GUNS. </li></ul><ul><li>95,000+ RAPES IN THE US EACH YEAR (11 PER HOUR). </li></ul><ul><li>IN 2005, 20-24 YEAR OLDS ACCOUNTED FOR 7% OF THE US POPULATION BUT WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR 17% OF ALL HOMICIDE OFFENSES. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHY IS THERE SO MUCH VIOLENCE IN AMERICA?
  4. 4. VIOLENCE “ THE EXPRESSION OF PHYSICAL OR VERBAL FORCE AGAINST ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL(S).”
  5. 8. VIOLENCE IN SPORTS “ PHYSICAL ACTS, AS WELL AS THREATS OF PHYSICAL HARM, COMMITTED BEYOND THE NORMAL LEVELS EXPECTED WHILE PLAYING/SPECTATING A SPORT.”
  6. 13. VIOLENCE VS AGGRESSION VIOLENCE: “ THE EXPRESSION OF PHYSICAL OR VERBAL FORCE AGAINST ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL(S).” AGGRESSION: -”VERBAL OR PHYSICAL ACTIONS GROUNDED IN AN INTENT TO DOMINATE, CONTROL, OR DO HARM TO ANOTHER PERSON.”
  7. 14. 2 FORMS OF AGGRESSION 1) INSTRUMENTAL AGGRESSION -NON-EMOTIONAL & TASK ORIENTED. *VIOLENCE IS AN OUTCOME OF REACTIVE AGGRESSION. 2) REACTIVE AGGRESSION -UNDERLYING EMOTIONAL COMPONENT WITH HARM AS ITS GOAL.
  8. 15. <ul><li>VIOLENCE IN SPORTS OCCURS IN 2 FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>ATHLETE VIOLENCE </li></ul><ul><li>SPECTATOR/FAN VIOLENCE </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT CAUSES VIOLENCE TO OCCUR FOR EACH GROUP? </li></ul>
  9. 16. WHAT CAUSES SPECTATOR/FAN VIOLENCE?
  10. 17. SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY “ US VERSUS THEM” -STATES THAT GROUP MEMBERSHIP CREATES SELF-CATEGORIZATION & ENHANCEMENT IN WAYS THAT FAVOR THE IN-GROUP (US) AT THE EXPENSE OF THE OUT-GROUP (THEM). -THE GROUPS THAT WE BELONG (FRATERNITIES & SORORITIES) TO & THE TEAMS THAT WE CHEER FOR (YANKEES & RED SOX) INFLUENCE OUR SELF-IDENTITY. -GROUP SOLIDARITY WITH PLAYERS & TEAMS LEADS TO A VIEW OF OPPOSING PLAYERS & TEAMS AS ENEMIES & FOSTERS HOSTILITY TOWARDS THE OUT-GROUP.
  11. 19. WHAT CAUSES ATHLETE VIOLENCE?
  12. 20. THEORIES TO EXPLAIN ATHLETE VIOLENCE
  13. 21. BIOLOGICAL THEORY -AGGRESSION IS A BASIC, INHERENT HUMAN CHARACTERISTIC. -SPORT IS A SOCIALLY ACEPTABLE WAY TO DISCHARGE THE BUILT-UP AGGRESSION.
  14. 22. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY -AGGRESSION IS CAUSED BY FRUSTRATION. -IT IS SITUATIONAL. -FRUSTRATION RESULTS WHEN ONE’S EFFORTS TO REACH A PARTICULAR GOAL ARE BLOCKED.
  15. 23. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY -AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IS LEARNED THROUGH MODELING & REINFORCED BY REWARDS & PUNISHMENTS.
  16. 24. REINFORCEMENT FOR ACTS OF VIOLENCE
  17. 25. 1) THE ATHLETE’S IMMEDIATE REFERENCE GROUP
  18. 26. 2) STRUCTURE OF THE GAME
  19. 27. 3) ATTITUDES OF FANS & MEDIA
  20. 28. THE MASS MEDIA CONTRIBUTES TO ATHLETE & FAN/SPECTATOR VIOLENCE ________________________________________________ -IT OFFERS EXPOSURE TO SPORTS-RELATED VIOLENCE. -IT GLAMORIZES THE MOST CONTROVERSIAL & AGGRESSIVE INCIDENTS. -ITS COMMENTARY IS LACED WITH DESCRIPTIVE SUGGESTIONS SUCH AS: -BATTLE -WAR -COMBAT -SOLDIERS

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