Chapter 8

830 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
830
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 8

  1. 1. <ul><li>CHAPTER 8 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Define: stress, stressors, distress, eustress. </li></ul><ul><li>How does Selye define stress? </li></ul><ul><li>3) Explain how state, nonspecifically induced changes, & specific syndrome contribute to Selye's stress definition. </li></ul><ul><li>4) What does GAS stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>5) State & explain the 3 stages of GAS (page 217). </li></ul>
  2. 2. CHAPTER 8: THE ROLE OF LEISURE IN STRESS REDUCTION
  3. 3. WHAT IS STRESS? -A PHYSICAL RESPONSE BY THE BODY TO A STIMULUS THAT DISTURBS OR INTERFERES WITH THE NORMAL PHYSIOLOGICAL EQUILIBRIUM OF AN ORGANISM. -STRESS CAN BE FELT AS PHYSICAL, MENTAL, OR EMOTIONAL STRAIN/TENSION.
  4. 4. WHAT IS A STRESSOR? -A STIMULUS (ACTIVITY, EVENT, ETC) THAT CAUSES STRESS.
  5. 5. WHAT IS DISTRESS? -NEGATIVE STRESS. -STRESS THAT CAUSES PAIN, SUFFERING, TROUBLE, ETC.
  6. 6. WHAT IS EUSTRESS? -POSITIVE STRESS. -STRESS THAT IS HELPFUL.
  7. 7. AS WE DISCUSS SELYE & THE GAS STAGES, THINK OF A SPORT YOU PLAY/PLAYED AS THE STRESSOR.
  8. 8. SELYE’S STRESS DEFINITION “ A state manifested by a specific syndrome that consists of all nonspecifically induced changes within a biological system.” 1) State -Stress is characterized by a particular state of being -Stress produces physiological changes that are evident in most people under stress -People under stress display common characteristics of their state of being 2) Nonspecifically Induced Changes -Stress can be induced anywhere and by anything -Thus, stress is nonspecifically induced 3) Specific Syndrome -Stress is characterized by a specific pattern of changes (GAS) -General Adaptation Syndrome
  9. 9. <ul><li>GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>-Has widespread effect on biological system </li></ul><ul><li>-Many parts of the body are affected </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>-Stimulates a defense or adjustment to a stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>-A set of coordinated stages that are dependent on one another </li></ul><ul><li>-GAS consists of 3 stages </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>GAS STAGES </li></ul><ul><li>1) ALARM </li></ul><ul><li>Body has initial physical reaction to a stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Often called the Fight-or-Flight reaction </li></ul><ul><li>This prepares the body for life-threatening situations, channeling away resources from such as the digestive and immune system to more immediate muscular and emotional needs. </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to the immune system being depressed, making us susceptible to disease. </li></ul><ul><li>-Weight Loss </li></ul><ul><li>-Blood becoming more concentrated with hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Stage is short-lived </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>2) RESISTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>As we become used to the stress levels, we initially become more resistance to disease </li></ul><ul><li>Body is working at peak efficiency and is unlikely to succumb to stressor </li></ul><ul><li>-Blood becomes diluted </li></ul><ul><li>-Body weight returns to normal </li></ul><ul><li>This leads us to believe we can easily adapt to these more stressful situations </li></ul><ul><li>However, this is only the immune system fighting to keep up with demands and expectations, but requires it to work at abnormally high levels </li></ul><ul><li>Stage can last seconds, days, months </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>3) EXHAUSTION </li></ul><ul><li>Body becomes weak and is vulnerable to stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Damage inflicted is depended on strength of the body and nature of stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Strong stressor could result in stress-related disease </li></ul><ul><li>-Heart Attack </li></ul><ul><li>-Death </li></ul><ul><li>Mild stressor may not cause any significant damage </li></ul><ul><li>-Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>-Minimal weight loss </li></ul>

×