Chapter. 7

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Chapter. 7

  1. 1. <ul><li>CHAPTER 7 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>DEFINE “FITNESS.” </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLAIN WHAT THE “FITNESS ILLUSION” IS. </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT % OF AMERICANS DO NOT EXERCISE AT ALL DURING THEIR LEISURE? </li></ul><ul><li>50% OF NEW FITNESS CLUB MEMBERSHIPS QUIT WITHIN HOW MANY MONTHS OF JOINING? </li></ul><ul><li>DEFINE “OBESITY.” </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT % OF AMERICAN ADULTS ARE OBESE? </li></ul><ul><li>STATE & EXPLAIN THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF EXERCIES. </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT ARE SOME OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF EXERCISE? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS THE REAL REASON WHY MOST PEOPLE DO NOT EXERCISE? </li></ul><ul><li>STATE & EXPLAIN THE COMPONENTS OF HEALTH-RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS. </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS ONE OF THE INFLUENCES ON RECREATIONAL EATING CHOICES? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT % OF A FAMILY’S FOOD BUDGET GOES TOWARD MEALS EATEN OUTSIDE THE HOME? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS “PORTION DISTORTION?” </li></ul><ul><li>IN YOUR OPINION, WHY IS ALCOHOL RELATED PROBLEMS SUCH AN ISSUE ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES? </li></ul><ul><li>IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT IS “BINGE DRINKING?” </li></ul>
  2. 2. FITNESS -”THE ABILITY TO PARTICIPATE, WITHOUT UNDUE STRESS, IN ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING. -ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING -”EVERDAY BEHAVIORS THAT PEOPLE NORMALLY DO TO FUNCTION IN LIFE.” -CARRYING GROCERIES -DOING LAUNDRY -CLEANING THE HOUSE.
  3. 3. HOW CAN FITNESS BE AFFECTED BY LEISURE? 1) PHYSICAL LEISURE ACTIVITIES -Life in general has become more sedentary, making the importance of physical activity during leisure that much greater. 2) NEGATIVE LEISURE ACTIVITIES -Certain leisure activities can have an adverse effect on fitness. -Drug Use -Alcohol Consumption -Junk Food -Excessive TV, Phone, Computer 3) LEISURE PLANNING -Effective leisure planning and time management can enable more time to be devoted to fitness-related activities. 4) PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE -The psychological state elicited by leisure activities in turn affects physical well-being.
  4. 4. HOW CAN FITNESS HAVE AN IMPACT ON LEISURE? 1) INCREASE ENERGY -The energizing effects of exercise may help a person work more efficiently, thereby creating more leisure time. 2) INCREASE STAMINA -A high level of fitness can raise the performance and stamina levels of certain leisure activities, making them more personally satisfying. 3) ENHANCED SELF-ESTEEM -The enhanced self-esteem derived from improved fitness may increase both the enjoyment and number of social leisure activities.
  5. 5. <ul><li>WHAT IS THE FITNESS ILLUSION? </li></ul><ul><li>30 million Americans belong to some form of health club. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry revenue is $10.6 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>-”Americans spend a great deal of money on fitness, but do not actually participate in physical activity.” </li></ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHAT % OF AMERICANS DO NOT EXERCISE AT ALL DURING THEIR LEISURE? 50%
  7. 7. 50% OF NEW FITNESS CLUB MEMBERSHIPS QUIT WITHIN HOW MANY MONTHS OF JOINING? 6 MONTHS
  8. 8. WHAT IS THE REAL REASON WHY MOST PEOPLE DO NOT EXERCISE? LAZINESS
  9. 9. <ul><li>OBESITY </li></ul><ul><li>-”A PERSON WHO IS 30 POUNDS OR MORE OVERWEIGHT.” </li></ul><ul><li>26% OF AMERICAN ADULTS ARE OBESE. </li></ul><ul><li>35% OF AMERICAN ADULTS ARE OVERWEIGHT. </li></ul><ul><li>1 IN 3 AMERICAN KIDS & TEENS IS OVERWEIGHT OR OBESE. </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 AMERICANS DIE ANNUALLY FROM DISEASES RELATED TO INACTIVITY. </li></ul><ul><li>OBESITY/OVERWEIGHT ISSUES ACCOUNT FOR $50 BILLION ANNUALLY IN MEDICAL COSTS. </li></ul>
  10. 10. WHY ARE SO MANY AMERICAN ADULTS OVERWEIGHT/OBESE? WHY ARE SO MANY AMERICAN KIDS & TEENS OVERWEIGHT/OBESE?
  11. 11. PHYSIOLOGICAL (PHYSICAL) BENEFITS OF EXERCISE 1) CARDIOVASCULAR -STRENGTHENS THE HEART, KEEPS BLOOD PRESSURE & CHOLESTEROL DOWN, & LOWERS THE RISK OF DEATH FROM HEART DISEASE. 2) DIABETES -SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE IS A MAJOR CAUSE OF DIABETES. -EXERCISE CAN HELP PREVENT DIABETES BY LOWERING BODY FAT LEVELS. 3) CANCER -EXERCISE HELPS PREVENT CERTAIN TYPES OF CANCER (COLON, BREAST, PROSTATE). 4) BONES -REDUCES LIKELIHOOD OF OSTEOPOROSIS & HELPS PREVENT FRAILTY. 5) IMMUNE SYSTEM -STRENGTHENS IMMUNE SYSTEM. PHYSICALLY FIT PEOPLE ARE LESS LIKELY TO SUFFER FROM COMMON ILLNESSES (COLD & FLU). 6) LIFE SPAN -EVERY HOUR SPENT EXERCISING INCREASES YOUR LIFE SPAN BY 2 HOURS.
  12. 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL (MENTAL & EMOTIONAL) BENEFITS OF EXERCISE 1) BETTER MOOD -EXERCISE SIGNIFICANTLY LESSENS DEPRESSION, ANGER, & CYNICAL DISTRUST. 2) STRESS RELIEVER -EXERCISE HELPS INDIVIDUALS RELIEVE EMOTIONAL STRESS. 3) REDUCES MENTAL FATIGUE -EXERCISE RECARGES THE MIND & REDUCES LEVEL OF CONFUSION.
  13. 13. WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS? 1) Aerobic Capacity: -Most important component due to research linking aerobic capacity with various health factors. -Aerobic fitness is related to the frequency, intensity, duration, and type of physical activity engaged in. 2) Body Composition: -Two components: -1) Body-Fat Weight: Total of body’s fat. -2) Lean Body Weight: Muscle, bone, skin, water, and organs. 3) Musculoskeletal Development/Fitness: -Three components: 1) Muscular Strength 2) Muscular Endurance 3) Flexibility
  14. 14. RECREATIONAL EATING
  15. 15. ONE OF THE MAIN INFLUENCES ON RECREATIONAL EATING CHOICES ADVERTISING -2001: THE 5 LEADING FAST-FOOD CHAINS SPENT $1.5 BILLION PROMOTING THEIR PRODUCTS.
  16. 16. WHAT % OF A FAMILY’S BUDGET GOES TOWARDS MEALS EATEN OUTSIDE THE HOME? 40%
  17. 17. PORTION DISTORTION -THE NORM THAT PORTION SIZES HAVE STEADILY INCREASED SINCE THE 1970’S. -2004: AVERAGE FAST FOOD RESTAURANT SODA SIZE: 24 OUNCES. -1979: AVERAGE FAST FOOD RESTAURANT SODA SIZE: 12 OUNCES.
  18. 18. RECREATIONAL ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
  19. 19. 2010 STUDY BY BRITAIN’S CENTER FOR CRIME & JUSTICE STUDIES MOST DANGEROUS DRUG: ALCOHOL CRITERIA: -HOW ADDICTIVE A DRUG IS. -HOW IT HARMS THE BODY. -ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE CAUSED. -ROLE IN BREAKING UP FAMILIES. -ECONOMIC COSTS (HEALTH CARE, SOCIAL SERVICES, & PRISON).
  20. 20. <ul><li>HIGH RISK COLLEGE DRINKING CONSEQUENCES </li></ul><ul><li>1) 1700 HOW MANY COLLEGE STUDENTS DIE EACH YEAR FROM ALOCOHOL-RELATED UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES? </li></ul><ul><li>1700 </li></ul><ul><li>2) HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE AVERAGE COLLEGE STUDENT SPEND ON ALCOHOL EACH YEAR? </li></ul><ul><li>$900 </li></ul><ul><li>3) WHAT % OF CAMPUS RAPES OCCUR WHEN ALCOHOL HAS BEEN USED? </li></ul><ul><li>90% </li></ul><ul><li>4) WHAT % OF COLLEGE MALES ADMIT TO HAVING COMMITTED ACTS THAT MEET THE LEGAL DEFINITION OF RAPE OR DATE RAPE? </li></ul><ul><li>8% (1 IN 12) </li></ul><ul><li>5) WHAT % OF COLLEGE STUDENTS SAY THEY HAVE HAD UNPROTECTED SEX AS A RESULT IT BEING DRUNK? </li></ul><ul><li>20% </li></ul><ul><li>6) ON AN EMPTY STOMACH, HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR ALCOHOL TO BE ABSORBED INTO THE BLOODSTREAM? </li></ul><ul><li>5 MINUTES. </li></ul><ul><li>7) ONCE IN THE BLOODSTREAM, HO WLONG DOES IT TAKE FOR ALCOHOL TO BE CARRIED TO ALL OF THE BODY’S ORGANS INCLUDING THE BRAIN? </li></ul><ul><li>90 SECONDS. </li></ul><ul><li>8) HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE THE BODY TO GET RID OF THE ALCOHOL FROM AN AVERAGE DRINK? </li></ul><ul><li>2 HOURS. </li></ul><ul><li>9) HOW MANY 1ST-YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS DROP OUT EVERY YEAR FOR ALCOHOL/DRUP RELATED REASONS? </li></ul><ul><li>159,000. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>MEDIA & PEER PRESSURE IMPACTING COLLEGE DRINKING </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICANS SPEND MORE THAN $120 BILLION ON ALCOHOL EACH YEAR </li></ul><ul><li>$50-70 BILLION OF WHICH IS ON BEER </li></ul><ul><li>MALES 21-35 ARE MAIN TARGET OF BEER ADS </li></ul><ul><li>BEER COMMERCIALS TEND TO PROMOTE ALCOHOL & SEX GO PERFECTLY TOGETHER </li></ul><ul><li>A 2004 USA TODAY ARTICLE STATED THAT A STUDY FOUND THAT NCAA TOURNAMENT GAMES LED ALL OTHER SPORTS EVENTS IN ALCOHOL-RELATED ADVERTISING </li></ul><ul><li>STUDIES SHOW THAT COLLEGE ATHLETES DRINK MORE HEAVILY THAN NON-ATHLETES </li></ul>
  22. 22. WHY IS ALCOHOL SUCH AN ISSUE ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES?
  23. 23. BINGE DRINKING -THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALCOHOLISM & ALCOHOL ABUSE (NIAAA) ADOPTED THE 5/4 DEFINITION. -MALES: 5 OR MORE DRINKS IN A 2 HOUR PERIOD -FEMALES: 4 OR MORE DRINKS IN A 2 HOUR PERIOD WHY IS BINGE DRINKING MORE OF A PROBLEM ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES THAN IN SOCIETY?

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