Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Chapter 12

555 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Chapter 12

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) How do you effectively deal with negative stress? 2) Define: Stress, Stressor, Eustress, Distress 3) Explain the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome. 4) Define explanatory style & explain the 2 types: optimistic & pessimistic. 5) Explain how self-esteem & fighting spirit can be used to deal with stress. 6) What is the difference between Type A, Type B, & Type C people? 7) What are the 5 steps to time management? 8) What is the fight or flight mechanism?
  2. 2. STRESS: -THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, & PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO ANY SITUATION THAT IS NEW, THREATENING, FRIGHTENING, OR EXCITING. STRESSOR: -STRESS-CAUSING EVENT. EUSTRESS: -POSITIVE STRESS. DISTRESS: -NEGATIVE STRESS.
  3. 3. WHAT ARE STRESSORS (EUSTRESS/DISTRESS) IN YOUR LIFE?
  4. 4. TOP 5 COLLEGE STUDENT STRESSORS
  5. 5. 1) FINANCES
  6. 6. 2) ACADEMICS
  7. 7. 3) TIME MANAGEMENT
  8. 8. 4) ROOMMATE CONFLICTS
  9. 9. 5) RELATIONSHIPS
  10. 10. <ul><li>COLLEGE STRESS COPING MECHANISMS </li></ul><ul><li>SLEEP </li></ul><ul><li>FOOD </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISE </li></ul><ul><li>DISTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>PERSPECTIVE </li></ul>
  11. 11. GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME THE BODY’S ADAPTATION TO SUSTAINED STRESS. 3 STAGES: 1) ALARM -THE IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A STRESSOR. 2) RESISTANCE -BODY BUILDS UP RESISTANCE TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS. 3) EXHAUSTION/RECOVERY -BODY LOSES ITS ABILITY TO COPE.
  12. 12. EXPLANATORY STYLE -”THE WAY PEOPLE PERCEIVE THE EVENTS IN THEIR LIVES.” -A WAY OF THINKING WHEN ALL OTHER FACTORS ARE EQUAL & THERE ARE NO CLEAR-CUT RIGHT & WRONG ANSWERS. -3 COMPONENTS: 1) PERSONAL: IN A SITUATION, PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES AS THE CAUSE. “ I ALWAYS FORGET TO MAKE THAT TURN.” 2) PERMANENT: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS UNCHANGEABLE. “ I ALWAYS LOSE MY KEYS.” 3) PERVASIVE: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS AFFECTING ALL ASPECTS OF LIFE. “ I CAN’T DO ANYTHING RIGHT.”
  13. 13. OPTIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE -PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS POSITIVELY.
  14. 14. PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE -PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS NEGATIVELY.
  15. 15. COPING WITH STRESS
  16. 16. SELF-ESTEEM -”A PERSON’S OVERALL EVALUATION OR APPRAISAL OF HIS/HER OWN SELF WORTH.”
  17. 17. FIGHTING SPIRIT -”THE HEALTHY EXPRESSION OF EMPTIONS, WHETHER THEY ARE NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE.”
  18. 18. FIGHT OR FLIGHT -”PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO STRESS THAT PREPARES THE INDIVIDUAL TO TAKE ACTION BY STIMULATING THE BODY’S VITAL DEFENSE SYSTEMS.”
  19. 19. PERSONALITY TYPES
  20. 20. TYPE A -HARD-DRIVING, OVERAMBITIOUS, OVERLY COMPETITIVE. -OFTEN SET THEIR OWN GOALS, ARE SELF-MOTIVATED, & TRY TO MANY TASKS AT THE SAME TIME. TYPE B -CALM, CASUAL, RELAXED, EASY-GOING. -TAKE ONE THING AT A TIME, DO NOT FEEL PRESSURED OR HURRIED, & SELDOM SET THEIR OWN DEADLINES.
  21. 21. TYPE C -AS HIGHLY STRESSED AS TYPE A BUT NOT AT A HIGHER RISK FOR DISEASE THAN TYPE B -PERFORM WELL UNDER PRESSURE. -KEYS FOR SUCCESS (3 C’S): -COMMITMENT, CONFIDENCE, CONTROL
  22. 22. MYERS-BRIGGS (BASED ON CARL JUNG) TYPOLOGY TEST ATTITUDES -EXTRAVERSION (ACTION ORIENTED) -INTROVERSION (THOUGHT ORIENTED) INFORMATION GATHERING FUNCTIONS -SENSING (TRUST INFORMATION IN THE PRESENT) -INTUITION (TRUST INFORMATION THAT IS MORE THEORETICAL) DECISION MAKING FUNCTIONS -THINKING (MAKE DECISIONS FROM A MORE DETACHED STANDPOINT) -FEELING (MAKE DECISIONS BY ASSOCIATING WITH THE SITUATION) LIFESTYLE -JUDGMENT (THINK/FEEL WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD) -PERCEPTION (SENSE/INTUITION WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD)
  23. 23. <ul><li>5 STEPS TO TIME MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>FIND THE TIME KILLERS </li></ul><ul><li>SET LONG-RANGE & SHORT-RANGE GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>IDENTIFY & PRIORITIZE YOUR IMMEDIATE GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>USE A DAILY PLANNER </li></ul><ul><li>CONDUCT NIGHTLY AUDITS </li></ul>
  24. 24. COMMON TIME WASTERS
  25. 25. 1) TV
  26. 26. 2) COMPUTERS
  27. 27. 3) CELL PHONES
  28. 28. 4) VIDEO GAMES
  29. 29. 5) WORRYING

×