E4DetWhatYourBodyDoesEVU68

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E4DetWhatYourBodyDoesEVU68

  1. 1. Unit 68 What your body does Unit 53 Health and medicine 1
  2. 2. A. Verbs connected with the mouth and breathing Unit 68 What your body does 2
  3. 3. A nurse gave the old man artificial respiration and he started b__________ again. Unit 68 What your body does 3
  4. 4. A nurse gave the old man artificial respiration and he started breathing again. breathe /bri:ð/ verb (AIR) [I or T] • breathe – breathed – have breathed • to move air into and out of the lungs • It's so airless in here - I can hardly breathe.; The instructor told us to breathe in deeply and then breathe out slowly.; I'm sorry if I'm breathing (= blowing out air containing) garlic fumes all over you! • Dutch : ademen Unit 68 What your body does 4
  5. 5. If one person y__________ everyone else seems to start too. Unit 68 What your body does 5
  6. 6. If one person yawns everyone else seems to start too. yawn /jɔ:n/ verb • yawn – yawned – have yawned • to open the mouth wide and take a lot of air into the lungs and slowly send it out, usually when tired or bored • I can't stop yawning - I must be tired. • Dutch : geeuwen Unit 68 What your body does 6
  7. 7. It was so smoky in the room that he couldn’t stop c__________. Unit 68 What your body does 7
  8. 8. It was so smoky in the room that he couldn’t stop coughing. cough /kɒf/ verb • cough – coughed – coughed • to force air out of your lungs through your throat with a short loud sound • The smoke made me cough.; I coughed all night long. • Dutch : hoesten, kuchen Unit 68 What your body does 8
  9. 9. Dust often makes me s__________. Unit 68 What your body does 9
  10. 10. Dust often makes me sneeze. sneeze /sni:z/ verb [I] • sneeze – sneezed – have sneezed • When you sneeze, air and often small drops of liquid suddenly come out of your nose and mouth in a way you cannot control • Cats make him sneeze - I think he's allergic to the fur. • Dutch : niezen Unit 68 What your body does 10
  11. 11. She s__________ with relief when she heard the plane had landed safely. Unit 68 What your body does 11
  12. 12. She sighed with relief when she heard the plane had landed safely. sigh /saɪ/ verb [I] • sigh – sighed – have sighed • to breathe out slowly and noisily, expressing tiredness, sadness, pleasure, etc. • She sighed deeply and sat down.; "I wish he was here, " she sighed (= she said with a sigh).; If the wind sighs, it makes a long, soft sound as it moves through trees.; I lay on my back, listening to the sound of the wind sighing in the trees. • Dutch : zuchten Unit 68 What your body does 12
  13. 13. Holding your breath and swallowing can help you stop h__________. Unit 68 What your body does 13
  14. 14. Holding your breath and swallowing can help you stop hiccoughing. hiccough verb (also hiccup (-p- or -pp-) ) /’hɪk.ʌp/ [I] • hiccough – hiccoughed – have hiccoughed • to make a loud noise in the throat because of a sudden uncontrollable tightening of a muscle just below the chest • I can't stop hiccoughing/hiccuping - does anyone know a good cure? • Dutch : hikken Unit 68 What your body does 14
  15. 15. She s__________ all night with her mouth wide open. Unit 68 What your body does 15
  16. 16. She snored all night with her mouth wide open. snore /snɔ:r/ verb [I] • snore – snored – have snored • to breathe in a very noisy way while you are sleeping • Sometimes my husband snores so loudly, it keeps me awake at night.; Do you know any cures for snoring? • Dutch : snurken Snorer/’snɔ:r.ɚ/ noun [C] • He's a terrible snorer. Unit 68 What your body does 16
  17. 17. B. Verbs connected with eating and digestion Unit 68 What your body does 17
  18. 18. He patted the baby’s back to make it b__________ after its feed. Unit 68 What your body does 18
  19. 19. He patted the baby’s back to make it burp after its feed. burp /bɜ:p/ verb • burp – burped – have burped • [I] to allow air from the stomach to come out through the mouth in a noisy way • [T] to gently rub a baby's back to help air to come out of its stomach • Since babies swallow air when they eat, you'll need to burp them to give them relief. • Dutch : boeren, een boertje laten • burp noun [C] Unit 68 What your body does 19
  20. 20. My granny used to say you should ch__________ every mouthful ten times. Unit 68 What your body does 20
  21. 21. My granny used to say you should chew every mouthful ten times. chew /tʃu:/ verb [I or T] • chew – chewed – have chewed • to crush food into smaller, softer pieces with the teeth so that it can be swallowed • This meat is difficult to chew.; You don't chew your food enough - that's why you get indigestion. • to bite something with your teeth, usually in order to taste its flavour • Would you like some gum to chew?; She gave the children some sweets to chew (on) during the long car journey.; She sat in the dentist's waiting room, nervously chewing (at) (= biting) her nails • Dutch : kauwen Unit 68 What your body does 21
  22. 22. It’s embarrassing if your stomach r__________ during an interview. Unit 68 What your body does 22
  23. 23. It’s embarrassing if your stomach rumbles during an interview. rumble /’rʌm.bl ̩/ verb (SOUND) [I] • rumble – rumbled – have rumbled • to make a continuous low sound • Please excuse my stomach rumbling - I haven't eaten all day.; The tanks rumbled (= moved slowly, making a continuous noise) across the battlefield. • Dutch : rommelen Unit 68 What your body does 23
  24. 24. Take a drink of water to help you s__________ the pills. Unit 68 What your body does 24
  25. 25. Take a drink of water to help you swallow the pills. swallow /’swɒl.əʊ/ verb (THROAT) • swallow – swallowed – have swallowed • [I or T] to cause food, drink, pills, etc. to move from your mouth into your stomach by using the muscles of your throat, or to use the muscles of your throat as if doing this • My throat is so sore that it really hurts when I swallow.; He put a grape into his mouth and swallowed it whole. • Dutch : slikken, inslikken Unit 68 What your body does 25
  26. 26. Sometimes in an aeroplane, you are given a sweet to s__________ - it can stop your ears popping! Unit 68 What your body does 26
  27. 27. Sometimes in an aeroplane, you are given a sweet to suck - it can stop your ears popping! suck /sʌk/ verb (PULL IN) • suck sucked have sucked • [I or T] to pull in liquid or air through your mouth without using your teeth, or to move the tongue and muscles of the mouth around something inside your mouth, often in order to dissolve it • She was sitting on the grass sucking lemonade through a straw.; I sucked my thumb until I was seven.; I tried sucking (on) a mint to stop myself coughing. • Dutch : zuigen Unit 68 What your body does 27
  28. 28. The cat l__________ the bowl clean. Unit 68 What your body does 28
  29. 29. The cat licked the bowl clean. lick /lɪk/ verb (MOVE TONGUE) • lick – licked – have licked • [T] to move the tongue across the surface of something • He licked the chocolate off his fingers.; She licked the stamps and stuck them on the parcel. • Dutch : likken Unit 68 What your body does 29
  30. 30. Don’t b__________ that hard sweet – you’ll hurt your teeth. Unit 68 What your body does 30
  31. 31. Don’t bite that hard sweet – you’ll hurt your teeth. bite /baɪt/ verb (USE TEETH) • bite – bit – have bitten • [I or T] to use your teeth to cut into something or someone • He bit into the apple.: An insect bit me on the arm.; He bites his fingernails. • Dutch : bijten Unit 68 What your body does 31
  32. 32. C. Verbs connected with the eyes and face Unit 68 What your body does 32
  33. 33. She b__________ several times to try and get the dust out of her eye. Unit 68 What your body does 33
  34. 34. She blinked several times to try and get the dust out of her eye. blink /blɪŋk/ verb • blink – blinked – have blinked • [I or T] When you blink, you close and then open your eyes quickly once or several times, and when an eye blinks, it does this • You've got something in your eye - try blinking a few times. • [I] literary If a light blinks, it flashes on and off. • Dutch : knipperen Unit 68 What your body does 34
  35. 35. He w__________ at me across the room to try to make me laugh. Unit 68 What your body does 35
  36. 36. He winked at me across the room to try to make me laugh. wink /wɪŋk/ v [I] verb • wink – winked – have winked • to close one eye for a short time as a way of greeting someone or showing friendliness, sexual interest, etc., or of showing that you are not serious about something you have said • She winked at me as he turned his back.; For a moment I thought he was being serious, but then he winked at me. • Dutch : knipogen • When lights wink, they keep flashing on and off quickly • Reflected in the water, the lights winked at us from the other side of the lake. ; The light was winking on the answering machine. • Dutch : knipperen Unit 68 What your body does 36
  37. 37. Why are you f__________? What’s the problem? Unit 68 What your body does 37
  38. 38. Why are you frowning? What’s the problem? frown /fraʊn/ verb [I] • frown – frowned – have frowned • to bring your eyebrows together so that there are lines on your face above your eyes to show that you are annoyed or worried • She frowned at me, clearly annoyed.; He frowned as he read the instructions, as if puzzled. • Dutch : je wenkbrauwen fronsen Unit 68 What your body does 38
  39. 39. She was so delighted with the present that she g__________ from ear to ear. Unit 68 What your body does 39
  40. 40. She was so delighted with the present that she grinned from ear to ear. grin /grɪn/ verb [I] • grin – grinned – have grinned • to smile a wide smile • He grinned at me from the doorway.; What are you grinning about? • Dutch : grijnzen Unit 68 What your body does 40
  41. 41. He b__________ with embarrassment when she smiled at him. Unit 68 What your body does 41
  42. 42. He blushed with embarrassment when she smiled at him. blush /blʌʃ/ verb [I] • blush – blushed – have blushed • to become pink in the face, usually from embarrassment • I always blush when I speak in public.; I blush to think of what a fool I made of myself. • Dutch : blozen Unit 68 What your body does 42
  43. 43. D. Verbs connected with the whole body Unit 68 What your body does 43
  44. 44. When it’s hot you s__________/p__________. (p__________ is more formal). Unit 68 What your body does 44
  45. 45. When it’s hot you sweat/perspire. (perspire is more formal). seat /swet/ verb [I] • sweat – sweated – have sweated • to pass a salty colourless liquid through the skin because you are hot, ill or frightened • It was so hot when we arrived in Tripoli that we started to sweat as soon as we got off the plane.; The prisoners were sweating with fear. perspire /pɚ:’spaɪɚ/ /pə:’spaɪər/ verb [I] • perspire – perspired – have perspired • formal or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin) • He was perspiring in his thick woollen suit.; The journalists and camera crews began to perspire in the heat as they stood waiting for the president to appear. • Dutch : transpireren Unit 68 What your body does 45
  46. 46. My hands t__________ when I’ve been drinking too much coffee. Unit 68 What your body does 46
  47. 47. My hands tremble when I’ve been drinking too much coffee. tremble /trem.bl ̩/ verb [I] • tremble – trembled – have trembled • to shake slightly, usually because you are cold, frightened, or very emotional • When he came out of the water, he was trembling with cold.; Her bottom lip trembled and tears welled up in her eyes.; His voice started to tremble and I thought he was going to cry. • Dutch : trillen, beven Unit 68 What your body does 47
  48. 48. Look at him! He’s so cold that he’s sh_________! Unit 68 What your body does 48
  49. 49. Look at him! He’s so cold that he’s shivering! shiver /’ʃɪv.ə//-ɚr/ verb [I] • shiver – shivered – have shivered • When people or animals shiver, they shake slightly because they feel cold, ill or frightened • The poor dog - it's shivering!; He shivered with cold in his thin cotton shirt. • Dutch : bibberen, sidderen Unit 68 What your body does 49
  50. 50. She laughed so much that her whole body sh__________. Unit 68 What your body does 50
  51. 51. She laughed so much that her whole body shook. shake /ʃeɪk/ verb (MOVE) • shake – shook – have shaken • [I] If you are shaking, your body makes quick short movements, or you feel as if it is doing so, because you are frightened or nervous • She was shaking as she opened the letter.; Her voice shook as she spoke about the person who attacked her.; I was shaking in my shoes/boots (= very nervous) about having to tell Dad what I'd done.; I was shaking like a leaf/ UK like a jelly (= very nervous) before my exam. • Dutch : schudden, schokken, beven, trillen Unit 68 What your body does 51

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