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Introduction to the study of Phonetics. LInguistics 2012 UQROO

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  1. 1. Quiz 1 <ul><li>What’s linguistics ? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s a gloss ? </li></ul><ul><li>Write an immaginary example of synchronic and diachronic linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>What’s language planning ? </li></ul><ul><li>Write a small conceptual map with the branches of linguistics . </li></ul>
  2. 2. Phonetics M.C. Rafael Alberto Velasco Argente
  3. 3. Phonetics and Phonology <ul><li>Phonetic is different to Phonology in matters that the former refers to the origin and production of sounds. Phonology, in the other hand refers to the sound systems of a language. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why do I need to learn Phonetics? <ul><li>Phonetics increases your knowledge in matters of pronunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>By knowing how languages are produce you can better your pronunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>It facilitates the acquisition of new words. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps you to read the dictionary using the correct sounds inscripted in the words . </li></ul>
  5. 5. What’s the first thing to learn about phonetics? <ul><li>First of all you need to know that there are 3 different kinds of Phonetics </li></ul>Auditory Articulatory Acoustic
  6. 6. Ok, I get it…what’s next? <ul><li>Another thing you should master is the Points of Articulation. </li></ul><ul><li>The Points of Articulation are the essential components of the vocal tract that allow human beings to produce sounds or phonemes </li></ul><ul><li>A phoneme is the minimun part of sound </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Points of Articulation 1 2 4 3 6 9 11 7 10 5 8 12 13 <ul><li>Nasal Cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Lips </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Alveolar ridge </li></ul><ul><li>Hard palate </li></ul><ul><li>Soft palate </li></ul><ul><li>Tip of the tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Blade of the tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Back of the tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Epiglottis </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal folds </li></ul><ul><li>Pharinx </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to start noticing the sounds? <ul><li>The first thing to notice is whether the sounds are voiced or voiceless </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, to notice whether the sounds are nasal or non-nasal </li></ul><ul><li>Third, to notice whether the sounds are aspirated or unaspirated </li></ul>
  9. 9. Very good…and the sounds? <ul><li>Sounds can be classified as consonants ( ety. conssonare ‘to sound together, to sound loud’ and vowels (ety. vocalis ‘from the voice’) . </li></ul><ul><li>Today we’ll just study the Consonant sounds. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Consonants of American English <ul><li>The consonats are classified in 3 large groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manner of pronunciation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place of production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice of production </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Let’s practice! <ul><li> </li></ul>