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  1. 1. Module XLV - Investigating Child Pornography Cases
  2. 2. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: 7 Southern California Men Arrested in Child Porn Investigation Source: http://www.latimes.com/
  3. 3. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: Chinese National Arrested Over Child Porn Source: http://www.abc.net.au/
  4. 4. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: Theft Leads to Child Porn Search Source: http://www.argusleader.com/
  5. 5. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Objective • Child Pornography • People’s Motives behind Child Pornography • People involved in Child Pornography • Role of Internet in Promoting Child Pornography • Effects of Child Pornography on children • Measures to Prevent Dissemination of Child Pornography • Challenges in controlling Child Pornography • Steps for Investigating Child Pornography cases • Sources of Digital Evidence • Techniques to reduce the problem of Child Pornography • Guidelines to avoid pornography • Report on Child Pornography • Laws against Child Pornography • Anti-Child-Pornography Organizations This module will familiarize you with:
  6. 6. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Flow Child Pornography People’s Motives behind Child Pornography People Involved in Child Pornography Role of Internet in Promoting Child Pornography Effects of Child Pornography on children Measures to Prevent Dissemi- nation of Child Pornography Steps for Investigating Child Pornography Cases Sources of Digital Evidence Guidelines to avoid Child Pornography Techniques to reduce problem Of Child Pornography Report on Child Pornography Laws against Child Pornography Challenges in controlling Child Pornography Anti-Child-Pornography Organizations
  7. 7. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Introduction to Child Pornography “Child Pornography is defined as a visual depiction of any kind, including a drawing, cartoon, sculpture, or painting, photograph, film, video, or computer-generated image or picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or other means, of sexually explicit conduct, where it depicts a minor being engaged in sexually explicit conduct” Sexually explicit conduct includes various forms of sexual activities such as intercourse, bestiality, masturbation, sadistic or masochistic abuse, and lascivious exhibition of the genitals
  8. 8. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Survey The Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children
  9. 9. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Survey (cont’d) The Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children
  10. 10. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Survey (cont’d)
  11. 11. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited People’s Motive Behind Child Pornography Sexual interest Voyeurism Blackmailing Making money by selling images or setting up paid obscene web sites
  12. 12. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited People Involved in Child Pornography Person who downloads child pornography images from the Internet and uses the same to disseminate them Person who provides sources of child pornography i.e., indirect abuse of children Parents or legal guardians who acquiesce their child’s participation in child pornography Offenders who enter into online relationship and send the pornographic images to children as a part of grooming process
  13. 13. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Role of Internet in Child Pornography Internet provides easy access to huge quantity of pornographic materials It ensures complete anonymity and privacy Various web services such as e-mails, newsgroups, and chat room facilitated the sharing of pornographic materials It provides cost effective medium for transfer of pornographic materials It enables people with Internet connection to access pornographic materials at any time and anywhere It supports transfer of pornographic materials in various formats which can be easily stored in different digital storage devices
  14. 14. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Effects of Child Pornography on Children Child victims suffer from depression, anger, withdrawal, and other psychological problems Physical injuries due to molestation, such as genital bruising, or exposure to sexually transmitted diseases They experience mental weakness such as: • Guiltiness and feel responsible for the abuse and betrayal • Sense of powerlessness and worthlessness • Low self-esteem Girl victim may suffer from higher rates of nightmares, back pain, headaches, pelvic pain, and other similar symptoms in her adult age
  15. 15. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Measures to Prevent Dissemination of Child Pornography • Block the illegal sites • Apply the filters to browsers and search engines for safe search • Establish compliant sites Computer Industry Self Regulation (Role of ISP): • Hold the ISPs legally responsible for site content • ISP should verify the identities of people who use Internet • Advertisers should avoid advertising of such sites Legislative Regulation: • Creates public awareness about such issues and offers the platform for people to report against child pornographyCitizens committee : • Parents should restrict his ward’s search by using filtering software and child-oriented search enginesParental Strategies: • Investigate pornographic sites using modern computer forensics techniques • Set up honey-trap sites Law Enforcement Responses (Role of Police):
  16. 16. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Challenges in Controlling Child Pornography Large Internet traffic Unclear jurisdiction due to anonymity of offenders Lack of laws and regulation Differences in legislation of various countries Sophistication and adaptation of Internet technology by offenders
  17. 17. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Precautions before Investigating Child Pornography Cases Ensure that authorization is enforced to investigate child pornography cases Familiarize yourself with local laws Document each step of investigation in-detail Take assistance from two authorized persons Investigation steps
  18. 18. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Steps for Investigating Child Pornography Search and seize all computers and media devices Check authenticated login sessions Search hard disk for pornographic material Recover deleted files and folders Check metadata of files and folders related to pornography Check and recover the browser information: • Browsing History • Download History • Saved Form and Search History • Cache • Cookies • Saved Passwords • Authenticated Sessions Check ISP Logs
  19. 19. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 1: Search and Seize All Computers and Media Devices Search the files and folders of the suspect’s system for porn material Look for the porn material in the media devices such as USB, CDs and DVDs, and pen drives Document and seize the collected evidence carefully
  20. 20. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 2: Check Authenticated Login Sessions Check the login information as user accounts are password protected Check under which account the porn material was accessed Check the user, who accessed the porn material i.e., is he an authenticated user a guest, or an administrator
  21. 21. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 3: Search Hard Disk for Pornographic Material Search the hard disk of the suspect’s system for pornographic material • Files and folders • Applications • Temporary Internet files • Recycle bin • Tools such as SurfRecon scans the system for pornographic material (both on hard disk as well as browser cache) Hard disk search includes search in:
  22. 22. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 4: Recover Deleted Files and Folders The user may delete the porn material from Recycle Bin Recover the files and folders using tools such as File Recover, Data recovery wizards, PC Inspector File Recovery
  23. 23. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 5: Check Metadata of Files and Folders Related to Pornography Metadata is the information on when the file was created, modified, or deleted File/folder creation, modification, or deletion let the investigator know when the material was accessed Check the metadata of files and folders that consist of porn material
  24. 24. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 6: Check and Recover the Browser Information • Browsing History • Download History • Saved Form and Search History • Cache • Cookies • Offline Website Data • Saved Passwords • Authenticated Sessions Check and recover the browser information, which includes:
  25. 25. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Browsing History, Save Form, and Search History Open Internet browser and press Control + H to open the browsing history Check the links that were accessed to trace the child porn link Investigator can search for the suspected link through search bar
  26. 26. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Download History Downloaded information is saved here To view download history, select Tools and click Download or just press Ctrl + J
  27. 27. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Cache Check the web page copies stored on the system’s hard disk or in its random-access memory (RAM) To change cache settings, open the browser. Select Tools. Open the Advanced panel, and click the Network tab. Enter a number in the Use up to field to specify the size of the cache Browser cache information can be recovered using tools such as INDEX.DAT file viewer
  28. 28. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Cookies Check the cookie information to determine the websites that the user has accessed To access cookies, select Tools → click Options → Privacy → Show Cookies
  29. 29. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Saved Passwords Passwords are remembered and saved by the browser, depending upon the user’s request Check for those passwords and access the link to find evidence To view them, go to select Tools → Options → Security → Show Passwords
  30. 30. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Authenticated Sessions Authenticated session is the use of correct username and password for a particular link Check whether the user had logged in to website with authentication Check for the number of attempts made by the user
  31. 31. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Step 7: Check ISP Logs ISP logs are all Internet activity information that are saved by Internet service providers An ISP log provides all the information about the users to whom a particular ISP provider provides Internet service • ISPs usually do not show the logs to maintain user privacy • Though ISPs show the logs, it is difficult to extract required information from the huge amount of logs It is the difficult way to extract information because:
  32. 32. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Sources of Digital Evidence • Images saved on a computer’s hard drive are the most obvious evidence of pornography Offender’s computer: • Digital devices such as PDAs and mobile phones are also sources for Pornography Hand-held devices: • Servers provide information about the user of pornography sites. For example, an ISP authentication server records customer’s account IP Servers:
  33. 33. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Citizens’ Responsibility Against Pornography • Protesting against child porn websites • Providing information about the impact of pornography on children • Taking initiatives to end child porn on the web • Reporting to government officials • Reporting to anti-child porn organizations about the site • Blocking credit card transactions • Asking ISPs to block the content or URL • Example: World's largest Internet Service Providers (ISPs) Verizon, Time Warner Cable, and Sprint blocked access to child porn Citizens can help to eradicate pornography by:
  34. 34. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Guidelines to Avoid Child Pornography on the Web Use Internet filter that filters unwanted content on the system Make use of search engines that have in-built filters • Example: Google safe search filtering Avoid guesswork on URLs Avoid browsing questionable URLs or banners that take you to unwelcomed sites
  35. 35. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Guidelines for Parents to Protect Children from Pornography Maintain a friendly relationship with child Guide the child while browsing Install filtering software that prevents porn sites Promote the use of search engines with safe search Parents should make the children aware of the child pornography prevailing on Internet
  36. 36. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Guidelines for Parents to Protect Children from Pornography (cont’d) Parents should be aware of the anti-child-pornography organizations Use a software that: • Monitors and records all websites visited by your child • Captures and logs the chats of your child on instant messenger • Monitors their emails, friends’ nature, etc. If something is found, explain and guide the child about the crime he/she is making under the law
  37. 37. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Tools to Protect Children from Pornography
  38. 38. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reveal http://www.antichildporn.org/ Reveal helps bridging the technology gap between the knowledgeable child who is on the Internet, yet lacking the life skills needed to know what is and is not dangerous It provides quick means for evaluating large amounts of computer data/files It works by searching all files found and comparing each word inside a file against special dictionaries of words commonly used by pedophiles, child pornographers, cultists, occultists, drug pushers and purveyors of hate and violence It also searches for images, video, and audio files and provides a quick and easy means for you to review these files for objectionable content
  39. 39. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited iProtectYou http://www.softforyou.com/ • Restricts your family members from visiting web sites and news groups that may contain pernicious information • Blocks e-mails, chat sessions, instant messages and P2P connections if they contain inappropriate words • Prevents private information (credit card number for example) from being sent to the Internet • Sets a schedule to specify days and times when on-line activity is allowed • Limits Internet Traffic to a specified amount of data that can be sent or received per user / per day • Controls the list of programs that can have access to the Internet • Gets notification e-mails with full description of blocked operations and an attached screen-shot of your kids' computer to control them remotely Features: iProtectYou is an Internet filtering and monitoring program designed for parents who are concerned about the possible detrimental effects of the Internet on the development of their children It allows to block e-mails, chat sessions and instant messages that contain inappropriate words
  40. 40. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited iProtectYou: Screenshot
  41. 41. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited WUPC Web Control for Parents 4 WUPC is a parental control tool, developed for protecting children from forbidden materials • Example: Pornography, online gambling, and online drugs information It helps to prevent kids from accessing user-specified websites
  42. 42. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited WUPC Web Control for Parents 4: Screenshot
  43. 43. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited BrowseControl BrowseControl helps you to restrict inappropriate surfing and enforces Internet usage policies It can completely block the Internet, allow access to only websites that you specify, deny web access to websites that you specify, and schedule Internet ON at only certain times of the day It consists of an application blocker that allows you to specify software applications you want to block the user from running • It is easy to manage • It blocks the applications • It blocks protocols Features:
  44. 44. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited BrowseControl: Screenshot
  45. 45. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ChatGuard • Internet • Chat sessions, URLs, communications, and emails • Games and audio • Desktop enhancements • Business and finance It monitors: ChatGuard is the software developed for protection from online sexual solicitation
  46. 46. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ChatGuard: Screenshot
  47. 47. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Exploitation Tracking System (CETS) http://www.microsoft.com/ CETS was developed jointly by Microsoft Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Toronto Police Service CETS, a software solution built using open industry standards, assists law-enforcement officials in their work to stop the exploitation of children on the Internet It enables effective collaboration and provides a set of advanced software tools and technologies for use by investigators The solution enables police agencies to capture, share and search information from the point of detection through to the investigative phase, arrest and offender management Using CETS, police agencies can manage and analyze huge volumes of information in powerful new ways, such as cross-referencing obscure data relationships and using social- network analysis to identify communities of offenders
  48. 48. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography
  49. 49. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  50. 50. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  51. 51. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  52. 52. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  53. 53. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  54. 54. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  55. 55. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  56. 56. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  57. 57. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  58. 58. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Reports on Child Pornography (cont’d)
  59. 59. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Laws Against Child Pornography
  60. 60. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited U.S. Laws Against Child Pornography • It is forbidden to knowingly produce, distribute, receive, or possess with the intent to distribute, a visual depiction of any kind, including a drawing, cartoon, sculpture, or painting, that • depicts a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct and is obscene, or • depicts an image that is, or appears to be, of a minor engaging in graphic bestiality, sadistic or masochistic abuse, or sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral- genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal, whether between persons of the same or opposite sex, and such depiction lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value • Penalties: For production, distribution, or receipt or possession with the intent to distribute: imprisonment for 5 to 20 years for a first offense, for between 15 and 40 years for persons with certain prior offenses, and a fine of up to $250,000 § 18 U.S.C. 1466A – Obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children.
  61. 61. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited U.S. Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • (a) Any person who employs, uses, persuades, induces, entices, or coerces any minor to engage in, or who has a minor assist any other person to engage in, or who transports any minor in interstate or foreign commerce, or in any Territory or Possession of the United States, with the intent that such minor engage in, any sexually explicit conduct for the purpose of producing any visual depiction of such conduct • (d) Any person who, knowingly makes, prints, or publishes, or causes to be made, printed, or published, any notice or advertisement seeking or offering— (A) to receive, exchange, buy, produce, display, distribute, or reproduce, any visual depiction, if the production of such visual depiction involves the use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct and such visual depiction is of such conduct • Any individual who violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, this section shall be fined under this title and imprisoned not less than 15 years nor more than 30 years § 18 U.S.C. 2251: According to this law, it is consider as offence if:
  62. 62. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited U.S. Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • (a) Any person who— • (1) knowingly transports or ships in interstate or foreign commerce by any means including by computer or mails, any visual depiction, if • (A) the producing of such visual depiction involves the use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct; and • (B) such visual depiction is of such conduct; • (2) knowingly receives, or distributes, any visual depiction that has been mailed, or has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce, or which contains materials which have been mailed or so shipped or transported, by any means including by computer • Person find guilty in above, shall be fined under this title and imprisoned not less than 5 years and not more than 20 years § 18 U.S.C. 2252- Certain activities relating to material involving the sexual exploitation of minors
  63. 63. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited U.S. Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • Whoever, while providing an electronic communication service or a remote computing service to the public through a facility or means of interstate or foreign commerce, obtains knowledge of facts or circumstances from which a violation of certain offenses involving child pornography is apparent, must report those facts or circumstances to the [CyberTipline] at the National Center for Missing [&] Exploited Children as soon as is reasonably possible 42 U.S.C. 13032 – Reporting of child pornography by electronic communication service providers
  64. 64. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Australia Laws Against Child Pornography CRIMINAL CODE ACT 1995: code474.19- Using a carriage service for child • pornography material (1) A person is guilty of an offence if: • (a) the person: • (i) uses a carriage service to access material; or • (ii) uses a carriage service to cause material to be transmitted to the person; or • (iii) uses a carriage service to make material available Penalty: Imprisonment for 10 years
  65. 65. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Australia Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • A person is guilty of an offence if: • (a) the person: • (i) has possession or control of material; or • (ii) produces, supplies or obtains material • Penalty: Imprisonment for 10 years 474.20- Possessing, controlling, producing, supplying or obtaining Child Pornography material for use through a carriage service
  66. 66. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Austria Laws Against Child Pornography • (1) Anyone who • produces or • imports, transports or exports for the purpose of dissemination or • offers, procures, transfers, presents or makes available in any other manner to another person a pornographic depiction of a minor will be sentenced to up to three years' imprisonment • (2) Anyone who commits the offence for financial gain will be sentenced to six months' to five years' imprisonment • (3) Anyone who obtains, or is in possession of, a pornographic depiction of a minor over 14 years of age § 207a - Pornographic depictions of minors
  67. 67. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Belgium Laws Against Child Pornography • § 1. Whosoever has displayed, sold, rented, distributed or handed out emblems, objects, films, photos, slides or other visual media representing sexual positions or acts of a pornographic nature, involving or representing minors or has handed to a transport or distribution agent, manufactured or held, imported or caused to be imported such objects with a view to commerce or distribution shall be punished by penal servitude and a fine of five hundred to ten thousand francs • § 2. Whosoever has knowingly possessed emblems, objects, films, photos, slides or other visual media as referred to under § 1 shall be punished by imprisonment for a month to a year and a fine of hundred to a thousand francs • § 3. The offence referred to under § 1 shall be punished by forced labor for ten to fifteen years and a fine of five hundred to fifty thousand francs if it constitutes an act of participation in the main or accessory activity of an association, whether or not the culprit holds the position of manager Article 383bis of the Penal Code:
  68. 68. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Belgium Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • § 1. Shall be punished by imprisonment for two months to two years and a fine of two hundred Euro to two thousand Euro whosoever and by whatever means publishes, distributes or disseminates or causes to be published, distributed or disseminated publicity, directly or indirectly, even in concealing its nature through artifices of language, for an offer of services of a sexual nature with a direct or indirect profit- making objective, when the said publicity is specifically addressed to minors or when it refers to services proposed either by minors or by persons claimed to be so • § 2 . Shall be punished by imprisonment for one month to a year and a fine of a hundred to a thousand Euro whosoever by whatever means publishes, distributes or disseminates or causes to be published, distributed or disseminated publicity, directly or indirectly, even in concealing its nature through artifices of language, for an offer of services of a sexual nature with a direct or indirect profit-making objective, when these services are offered through a telecommunications medium • § 3. In cases not covered by § 1 and § 2, shall be punished by imprisonment for one month to a year and a fine of a hundred to a thousand Euro whosoever by whatever means of publicity, even in concealing its nature through artifices of language, makes it known that he indulges in prostitution, facilitates the prostitution of others or wishes to enter into a relationship with a person indulging in debauchery Art.380ter
  69. 69. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Cyprus Laws Against Child Pornography • Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, when committed intentionally and without right the following conduct • a. producing Child Pornography for the purpose of its distribution through a computer system; • b. offering or making available Child Pornography through a computer system; • c. distributing or transmitting Child Pornography through a computer system; • d. procuring Child Pornography through a computer system for oneself or for another person; • e. possessing Child Pornography in a computer system or on a computer data storage medium • Person found guilty in any above case will be liable to imprisonment not exceeding ten (10) years Offences related to Child Pornography Criminal Code chapter 154, Article 154, Title 3, article 9:
  70. 70. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Japan Laws Against Child Pornography • 1. A person who distributes, sells, lends as a business, or displays in public, Child Pornography shall be punished with imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or a fine not exceeding three million yen • 2. A person who produces, possesses, transports, imports to or exports from Japan Child Pornography for the purpose of conducting any of the acts mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be punished with the same penalty as is described in the said paragraph • 3. A Japanese national who imports to or exports from a foreign country Child Pornography for the purpose of conducting any of the acts mentioned in paragraph 1 of this article shall be punished with the same penalty as is described in the said paragraph Law no. 45:
  71. 71. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited South African Laws Against Child Pornography • Any person who participates or is involved in the commercial sexual exploitation of a child, shall be guilty of an offence • Any person who is an owner, lessor, manager, tenant, or occupier of property on which the commercial sexual exploitation of a child occurs and who, within a reasonable time of gaining information of such occurrence, fails to report such occurrence at a police station, shall be guilty of an offence • Any person who is convicted of an offence in terms of this section, shall be liable to a fine, or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 10 years, or to both such fine and such imprisonment (Section 50) Child Care Amendment Act
  72. 72. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited South African Laws Against Child Pornography (cont’d) • The objects of this Act shall be to— • (a) regulate the creation, production, possession, and distribution of certain publications and certain films by means of classification, the imposition of age restrictions and the giving of consumer advice due regard being had in particular to the protection of children against sexual exploitation or degradation in publications, films and on the Internet and • (b) make the exploitative use of children in pornographic publications, films or on the Internet punishable Amendment of section 2 of Act 65 of 1996 • Any person shall be guilty of an offence if he or she knowingly: • (a) creates, produces, imports, or is in possession of a publication which contains a visual presentation of child pornography • (b) creates, produces, imports, or is in possession of a film which contains a scene or scenes of child pornography Amendment of section 27 of Act 65 of 1996
  73. 73. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited UK Laws Against Child Pornography • An Act to make new provision about sexual offences, their prevention and the protection of children from harm from other sexual acts, and for connected purpose • The sections that act against child pornography are: • Section 15: Meeting a child following sexual grooming etc. • Section 16: Abuse of position of trust: sexual activity with a child • Section 17: Abuse of position of trust: causing or inciting a child to engage in sexual activity • Section 18: Abuse of position of trust: sexual activity in the presence of a child • Section 19: Abuse of position of trust: causing a child to watch a sexual act • Section 47: Paying for sexual services of a child • Section 48: Causing or inciting child prostitution or pornography • Section 49: Controlling a child prostitute or a child involved in pornography • Section 50: Arranging or facilitating child prostitution or pornography Sex Offences Act 2003 (SOA 2003)
  74. 74. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited State Laws: Michigan Laws Against Child Pornography • Act 250 of 1982- It is an act: • To establish the state child abuse and neglect prevention board • To provide the powers and duties of the state child abuse and neglect prevention board • To prescribe the powers and duties of certain state departments Child abuse and neglect prevention act
  75. 75. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited State Laws: England and Wales Laws • Section 1: It is an offence for a person – • To take, or permit to be taken, or to make any indecent photograph or pseudo-photograph of a child; or to distribute or show such indecent photographs or pseudo-photographs; or to possess such indecent photographs or pseudo-photographs, with a view to their being distributed or shown by himself or others; or to publish or cause to be published any advertisement likely to be understood as conveying that the advertiser distributes or shows such indecent photographs or pseudo-photographs, or intends to do so Protection of Children Act 1978
  76. 76. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited State Laws: Scotland Laws • Section 52 - Indecent Child Photographs • Any person who: • Takes, or permits to be taken or makes, any indecent photograph or pseudo- photograph of a child under 18 years of age • Distributes or shows such an indecent photograph or pseudo-photograph • Has in his possession such an indecent photograph or pseudo-photograph with a view to its being distributed or shown by himself or others; or • Publishes or causes to be published any advertisement likely to be understood as conveying that the advertiser distributes or shows such an indecent photograph or pseudo-photograph, or intends to do so, • Shall be guilty of an offence under this section Civic Government (Scotland) Act, 1982
  77. 77. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited State Laws: Scotland Laws (cont’d) • It is an offence for a person to have any indecent photograph or pseudo-photograph of a child under the age of 18 years in his possession Section 52A - Possession of Photographs • In relation to offences under Section 52(1)(a), 52(1)(b), 52(1)(c) and Section 52A the accused is not guilty of an offence Section 52B - Exemptions for photographs of 16 and 17 year olds
  78. 78. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited State Laws: Philippines Laws (Republic Acts) • Article III, Section 5: Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse • Children, whether male or female, who for money, profit, or any other consideration or due to the coercion or influence of any adult, syndicate or group, indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct, are deemed to be children exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse Republic Act 7610 - Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act
  79. 79. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) is a federal law enacted by Congress in December 2000 It is to address concerns about access to offensive content over the Internet
  80. 80. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Anti-Child-Pornography Organizations
  81. 81. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Anti-Child-Pornography Organizations Project Safe Childhood (http://www.projectsafechildhood.gov) Innocent Images National Initiative (http://www.fbi.gov/innocent.htm) Internet Crimes Against Children (http://www.icactraining.org/) Antichildporn.org Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) Centre (www.ceop.gov.uk ) ThinkUKnow (http://www.thinkuknow.co.uk/ ) Virtual Global Taskforce (http://www.virtualglobaltaskforce.com/) Internet Watch Foundation (http://www.iwf.org.uk/) International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (http://www.icmec.org/)
  82. 82. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Anti-Child-Pornography Organizations (cont’d) National Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (http://www.missingkids.com/) Child Victim Identification Program (http://www.missingkids.com/) Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography Preverted Justice (http://www.perverted-justice.com/) The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) (http://www.nspcc.org.uk/) Canadian Centre for Child Protection (http://www.protectchildren.ca/) Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection (ASACP) (http://www.asacp.org/) Websites Against Child Porn (WSACP) (http://www.wsacp.org/) Child Focus (http://www.childfocus.be/)
  83. 83. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited http://www.projectsafechildhood.gov • Integrated federal, state, and local efforts to investigate and prosecute • Participation of PSC partners in coordinated national initiatives • Increased federal involvement in child pornography and enticement cases • Training of federal, state, and local law enforcement • Community awareness and educational programs The PSC partnerships in every district will aim to address five major components of the initiative, as follows: Project Safe Childhood (PSC) aims to combat the proliferation of technology-facilitated sexual exploitation crimes against children PSC creates, on a national platform, locally designed partnerships of federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement officers in each federal judicial district to investigate and prosecute Internet-based crimes against children
  84. 84. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Innocent Images National Initiative • Online organizations, enterprises and communities that exploit children for profit or personal gain • Producers of child pornography • Individuals who travel, or indicate a willingness to travel, for the purpose of engaging in sexual activity with a minor • Major distributors of child pornography, such as those who appear to have transmitted a large volume of Child Pornography over an online computer • Possessors of child pornography FBI’s Innocent Images National Initiative focuses on: Innocent Images National Initiative (IINI), a component of FBI's cyber crimes program It is an intelligence driven, proactive, and multi-agency investigative operation to combat the proliferation of Child Pornography/Child Sexual Exploitation (CP/CSE) facilitated by an online computer
  85. 85. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) The Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force (ICAC) is a multi- jurisdictional task force that investigates and prosecutes individuals who use the Internet to exploit children It is a network of coordinated regional task forces engaged in helping state and local law enforcement agencies to develop an effective response to cyber-enticement and child pornography cases This help consists of proactive investigations, forensic and investigative components, training and technical assistance, effective prosecutions, victim services, and community education
  86. 86. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Antichildporn.org • Provides a maximum of information to law enforcement authorities • Keeps a halt to sensationalism and hype regarding the Internet while promoting quality investigative journalism on pedophile pornography • Creates enough public pressure to bring authorities to the point of action • Forms cooperation with other Internet groups with similar goals that will benefit all and increase the impact Goals: AntiChildPorn.org (ACPO) is an organization, comprised of volunteers from all around the world, whose mission is to stop the sexual exploitation of the world's children It mainly focuses on protection of children from becoming victims of Child Pornography, and provide knowledge about the Child Pornography
  87. 87. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited How to Report Antichildporn.org about Child Pornography Cases • Go to Homepage http://www.antichildporn.org • Click Report!  Report Child Porn • The form ‘Anonymous Submission’ will appear • Give the appropriate Web address or FTP address of the pornographic site • Write details about that site • Click Submit Here are the procedures to report about child porn:
  88. 88. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  89. 89. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) Centre • How offenders operate and think • How children and young people behave • How technological advances are developing CEOP Centre intelligence researches on: CEOP Centre is dedicated for eradicating the sexual abuse of children Each team consists of police officers who specialize in this area of criminality working with professionals
  90. 90. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) Centre: Screenshot
  91. 91. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ThinkUKnow • How to have fun • How to stay in control • How to report a problem It is based around three themes: ThinkUKnow is the education programme of the CEOP Centre aimed at young people that encourages safe browsing
  92. 92. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ThinkUKnow: Screenshot
  93. 93. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Virtual Global Taskforce (VGT) • To make the Internet a safer place • To identify, locate, and help children at risk • To hold perpetrators appropriately to account Objectives of the VGT: Virtual Global Taskforce (VGT) is a group of law enforcement agencies from around the world working together to fight online child abuse The aim is to build an effective, international partnership of law enforcement agencies that helps to protect children from online child abuse
  94. 94. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Virtual Global Taskforce (VGT) (cont’d) • Australian Federal Police • CEOP Centre in UK • Italian Postal and Communication Police Service • Royal Canadian Mounted Police • US Department of Homeland Security • Interpol The VGT is made up of: It allows the users to report the abuse online
  95. 95. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Virtual Global Taskforce: Screenshot
  96. 96. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) • Online reporting • Links to relevant websites • Tools for choosing appearance of the page • Searches within IWF using keywords or phrases Features: IWF is the UK hotline for reporting illegal content specifically It acts upon child sexual abuse content hosted worldwide and criminally obscene and incitement to racial hatred content hosted in the UK
  97. 97. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) (cont’d) • Go to http://www.iwf.org.uk/ • To report against illegal content, click “Click here Report Illegal Content” How to use it:
  98. 98. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Internet Watch Foundation (IWF): Screenshot
  99. 99. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC) ICMEC founded in 1998 and launched by the U.S. It works to identify and coordinate a global network of organizations fighting child-sexual exploitation and abduction
  100. 100. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC)
  101. 101. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) • Go to http://www.missingkids.com/cybertip/ • Click the arrow besides Cyber Tipline • Enter the form as required • Enter the URL that is showcasing child pornography • Submit the report How to report: NCMEC is the non-profit anti-child-pornography organization It provides a resource for a better understanding about child pornography It offers a cyber tipline to report abuse
  102. 102. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC): Screenshot
  103. 103. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Victim Identification Program (CVIP) CVIP is the world's largest database of child pornography It is maintained by: • The Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section of the United States Department of Justice • The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) It assists law enforcement and prosecution teams with child-pornography evidence to help prosecutor to learn: • Full range of crimes committed in each case • Maximize sentences available for each charge • Attempt to identify the location of unidentified child sexual exploitation victims
  104. 104. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Victim Identification Program: Screenshot
  105. 105. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography (FCACP) FCACP is a coalition of credit card issuers and Internet services companies which seeks to eliminate commercial child pornography It merged with the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC) and NCMEC Thirty companies have joined ICMEC and the NCMEC to create FCACP FCACP includes leading banks, credit card companies, third-party payment companies, and Internet services companies
  106. 106. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Perverted Justice • Pose as underage children in chat rooms • Use a fake online screen name • Wait for predators to instigate conversation with them It recruits volunteer contributors who: Perverted Justice is a website for investigating, identifying, or publicizing users in chat rooms with predatory tendencies towards children
  107. 107. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) NSPCC protects children from cruelty, supports vulnerable families, campaigns for changes to the law, and raises awareness about abuse The main aim is to have a society where all children are loved, valued, and able to fulfill their potential It has 177 community-based projects and runs the Child Protection Helpline and ChildLine in the UK and the Channel Islands http://www.childline.org.uk/ is the service provided by NSPCC which helps users know about abuse or porn
  108. 108. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) (cont’d) • To mobilize everyone to take action to end child cruelty • To give children the help, support, and environment they need to stay safe from cruelty • To find ways of working with communities to keep children safe from cruelty • To be, and be seen as, someone to turn to for children and young people NSPCC has set four objectives that help it in reaching its goal:
  109. 109. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Canadian Centre for Child Protection • Reduce the incidence of missing and sexually exploited children • Educate the public on child personal safety and sexual exploitation • Assist in finding the location of missing children • Advocate for and increase awareness about issues relating to child sexual exploitation Mission: The Canadian Centre for Child Protection (CCCP) is a charitable organization dedicated to the personal safety of all children Goal of CCCP is to reduce child victimization by providing programs and services to Canadians
  110. 110. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Canadian Centre for Child Protection: Screenshot
  111. 111. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited http://cybertip.ca/ • Go to http://cybertip.ca/ • Click on “Click here to report” • Write details about the child porn site • Submit the report Procedure to report about child porn: Cybertip.ca is Canada’s national tipline for reporting the online sexual exploitation of children
  112. 112. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited http://cybertip.ca/: Screenshot
  113. 113. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection (ASACP) • Reporting child pornography hotline • Organizing the efforts of the online adult industry • Helping parents to prevent children from viewing age- inappropriate material online It battles pornography through: ASACP is an organization dedicated to eliminating child pornography from the Internet
  114. 114. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ASACP: Screenshot
  115. 115. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Web Sites Against Child Porn (WSACP) WSACP is an anti-child-pornography organization It offers online reporting against a site by submitting the URL It provides news and resources related to child pornography
  116. 116. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited http://www.reportchildporn.com/ • A way to report child porn • An avenue to discuss problems related to child porn It offers: Reportchildporn.com is a hotline for webmasters and surfers to report suspected child pornography
  117. 117. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited http://www.reportchildporn.com/: Screenshot
  118. 118. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Focus • It provides active support in the investigation of disappearance, abduction, or sexual exploitation of children • It supports and encourages the investigation and the legal measures • It ensures follow-up to the cases that are entrusted to it and participates in the counseling of victims Features European Centre for Missing and Sexually Exploited Children, operating under the name of Child Focus, is a foundation under Belgian law recognized as a public utility
  119. 119. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Child Focus: Screenshot
  120. 120. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited StopChildPorno.be • Go to http://www.stopchildporno.be/index.php?language=en • Click on report a site • In procedure, check either “I want to be anonymous” or “I want to be informed” and click continue • Indicate which type of report you want to submit • Copy and paste the URL of the website • Submit the report How to report: StopChildPorno.be is the Belgian civil hotline for reporting child abuse images found on the Internet
  121. 121. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited StopChildPorno.be: Screenshot
  122. 122. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Summary Child Pornography can be defined as any work that center on the activities involving sexual behavior of children It includes production, distribution, and downloading of the film, video, picture, and images of children Images and pictures are distributed through e-mails, chat room, newsgroups, and web cam Child Pornography causes physical, social, and psychological effects on children During investigation of the offender’s computer, hand-held devices, and servers are the main sources of evidence Antichildporn.org (ACPO) is an organization, comprised of volunteers from all around the world, whose mission is to stop the sexual exploitation of the world's children Send report about Child Pornography to website http://www.antichildporn.org/
  123. 123. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  124. 124. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited

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