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  1. 1. Module IX – Digital Media Devices
  2. 2. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: T-Mobile's G1 Gets Visual Voice Mail, Opera Browser Source: http://www.cio-today.com/ November 25, 2008 8:39AM A visual voice-mail application from PhoneFusion and the Opera Mini 4.2 browser have become available for T-Mobile's G1 smartphone powered by Google's Android mobile operating system. The free Opera Mini browser runs faster than the beta and is also available for the Samsung Instinct and newer phones from Sony Ericsson and Nokia. A new visual voice-mail application and the Opera Mini browser were made available Monday for T-Mobile's Android-based G1 smartphone. The Opera Mini 4.2 mobile browser, released as a beta earlier this month, is now out in a free final version. It includes a performance increase of up to 30 percent over the beta, thanks to a farm of U.S.-based servers that preprocess and compress Web requests. It also includes skins, syncing with notes, support for multiple languages, and other features. Opera Software describes the browser as "the world's most popular mobile Web browser," with more than 20 million users. Other features include staying in touch with friends via Facebook, searching with Google, and secure online banking, The browser is also available for the Samsung Instinct and newer Sony Ericsson and Nokia phones. It offers browsing of full Web pages, with the user being able to zoom into a page whose text has been formatted correctly for the small screen. The Opera Mini browser is available from the Opera Software site, as well as the Android Market, a Google app store comparable to Apple's iPhone App Store. The Android Market is also offering the beta version of Fusion Voicemail Plus from Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.-based PhoneFusion.
  3. 3. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Objective • Magnetic Tapes • Floppy Disk • Compact Disk (CD) • Digital Versatile Disk (DVD) • Blu-Ray • Network Attached Storage (NAS) • iPod and Zune • Flash Memory Cards • Secure Digital (SD) Memory Card • Solid-State Drive (SSD) • Tape Libraries and Autoloaders • Hybrid Hard Drive • USB Flash Drive • Different Models of Digital Devices This module will familiarize you with:
  4. 4. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Flow Magnetic Tapes Different Models of Digital Devices Flash Memory Cards Blue-Ray Secure Digital (SD) Memory Card Floppy Disk USB Flash Drive DVD Network Attached Storage (NAS) Solid-State Drive (SSD) Tape Libraries and Autoloaders iPod and Zune
  5. 5. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Digital Storage Devices
  6. 6. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Digital Storage Devices Magnetic Tapes Floppy CD • CD-ROM DVD • DVD-R/ DVD+R • DVD-RW/ DVD+RW • DVD+R DL/ DVD-R DL/ DVD-RAM Blu-Ray
  7. 7. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Digital Storage Devices (cont’d) Flash Memory Cards USB Flash Drive Network Attached Storage (NAS) Secure Digital Input Output (SDIO) Solid-State Drive Tape Libraries and Autoloaders Hybrid Hard Drive ExpressCard
  8. 8. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Magnetic Tape Magnetic tape is a non-volatile storage medium consisting of a magnetic coating on a thin plastic strip It is used for video, audio storage, and general purpose digital data storage Data is stored in frames across the width of the tape Frames are grouped into blocks or records which are separated from other blocks by gaps Magnetic tape is a serial access medium
  9. 9. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Magnetic Tape
  10. 10. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Floppy Disk • Soft magnetic disk • Less expensive • Portable Features: • 8-inch • Designed and invented by IBM • 5¼-inch • Storage capacity varies from 100K to 1.2MB (megabytes) of data • 3½-inch • Storage capacity varies from 400K to 1.4MB Floppies come in three basic sizes:
  11. 11. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Compact Disk A Compact Disk (CD) is an optical disk to store digital data It is made up of pure polycarbonate plastic disk In a CD, data is stored as a series of tiny indentations (pits), encoded in a tightly packed spiral track of pits molded into the top of the polycarbonate layer Infrared 780 nm laser is used to write data on a CD Types of CDs: • CD-ROM • CD-R/W
  12. 12. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited CD-ROM Compact Disk Read-Only Memory Each CD-ROM sector is 2352 bytes, and contains 2048 bytes of PC Data, 2336 bytes of PSX/VCD Data or 2352 bytes of AUDIO A standard 120 mm CD-ROM holds 650 or 700 MB of data
  13. 13. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited DVD DVD is also known as "Digital Versatile disk" or "Digital Video disk” DVDs use a 650-nm-wavelength red laser It has enough space to store a full-length, MPEG-2-encoded movie, as well as a lot of other information Like a CD, the data on a DVD is encoded in the form of small pits and bumps on the track of the disk • Higher-density data storage • Less overhead, more area • Multi-layer storage DVDs can store more data than CDs because of:
  14. 14. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited DVD Data Tracks on a DVD DVD-R Read/Write Side
  15. 15. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited DVD-R, DVD+R, and DVD+R(W) • DVD-R is a DVD recordable format • It has storage capacity of 4.7 GB DVD-R: • A DVD+R is a writable optical disk with 4.7 GB of storage capacity • DVD+R disks can be written only once DVD+R: DVD+R(W) has a more robust error management system than DVD-R(W)
  16. 16. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited DVD-RW, DVD+RW • A DVD-RW is a rewritable optical disk with storage capacity equal to a DVD-R, typically 4.7 GB • The primary advantage of DVD-RW over DVD-R is the ability to erase and rewrite on a DVD-RW disk DVD-RW: • A DVD+RW is a rewritable optical disk with storage capacity equal to a DVD+R, typically 4.7 GB DVD+RW: Both disks are used for volatile data storage such as backups
  17. 17. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited DVD+R DL/ DVD-R DL/ DVD-RAM • DVD+R DL is a dual layer writeable DVD+R • DVD-9: • The dual layered disks can hold 7.95 GB data • DVD-18: • The dual layered double sides disks can hold 15.9 GB data DVD+R DL: • DVD-R DL or DVD-R9 is a dual layer writeable DVD-R DVD-R DL: • DVD-RAM has the best recording features but it is not compatible with most DVD-ROM drives and DVD-Video players • It is usually used in some DVD Recorders DVD-RAM:
  18. 18. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Blu-Ray Blu-ray is the next-generation digital video disk patented by SONY With their high storage capacity, Blu-ray disks can hold and play back large quantities of high-definition video and audio, photos, and other digital content Blu-Ray disks use 405 nanometer blue-violet lasers A single-layer Blu-ray disk can hold up to 27 GB of data and a double-layer Blu- ray disk can store up to 50 GB of data
  19. 19. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Blu-Ray (cont’d) • Records high-definition television (HDTV) without any loss in quality • Instantly skips to any spot on the disk • Records one program while watching another on the disk • Creates playlists • Edits or reorders programs recorded on the disk • Automatically searches for an empty space on the disk to avoid recording over a program • Accesses the web to download subtitles and other extra features Advantages:
  20. 20. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Network Attached Storage (NAS) Network Attached Storage (NAS) is a dedicated hard disk-based storage technology It is designed to be connected directly to a computer network, providing centralized data access to multiple network clients A single hardware device, called the NAS box or NAS head, acts as the interface between the NAS and network clients
  21. 21. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited iPod The iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Computer The full-sized model stores media on a built-in hard drive, while the smaller iPod nano and iPod shuffle uses flash memory iPod supports MP3, WAV, M4A/AAC, Protected AAC, AIFF, Audible audio book, and Apple Lossless audio file formats • If the host computer runs Windows, the iPod uses a FAT32 file system format • If the host computer runs Mac OS X, the iPod uses HFS-Plus format iPod can function as a mass storage device to store data files:
  22. 22. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Zune A portable MP3 player developed by Microsoft Corp Zune consists of a 3-3.5" LCD display and has a built-in FM tuner which works with American, European, and Japanese frequencies It has a Wi-Fi connectivity and is compatible with WLAN 802.11
  23. 23. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Flash Memory Cards A memory card or flash memory card is a solid-state electronic flash memory data storage device It is used with digital cameras, handheld and laptop computers, telephones, music players, video game consoles, and other electronics • Secure Digital (SD) • CompactFlash (CF) • Memory Stick (MS) • MultiMediaCard (MMC) • xD-Picture Card (xD) • SmartMedia (SM) The most popular types of flash memory cards used in digital cameras are:
  24. 24. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Secure Digital (SD) Memory Card • The SD Memory Card measures a mere 24mm x 32mm x 2.1mm Compact and slim: • SD cards currently range in size from 16MB up to 4GB Large capacity: Links various kinds of digital equipment through its easy connectivity features that support a host of application formats Features:
  25. 25. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Secure Digital (SD) Memory Card (cont’d) • It allows high volume data transfer High-speed data transfer: • It assures a high level of protection against illegal copying Copyright protection: • Expansion of networking possibilities Expandability-SDIO: Features:
  26. 26. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) Card The SD High-Capacity (SDHC) card provides more removable storage power than ever before The capacity range is from 4GB to 32GB The three SDHC speed classes are - Class 2, Class 4, and Class 6 - transfer data at least 2, 4, and 6MB per second It preserves photographic integrity and raises the memory performance bar by guaranteeing minimum performance rates
  27. 27. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Secure Digital Input Output (SDIO) Card SDIO card is an interface that extends the functionality of devices by using a standard SD card slot to give new capabilities to devices • GPS • Camera • Wi-Fi • FM radio • Ethernet • Barcode readers • Bluetooth The list of new capabilities includes:
  28. 28. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Secure Digital Input Output (SDIO) (cont’d)
  29. 29. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Compact Flash (CF) Memory Card CF Card also called CF memory card is a small removable mass storage device Compact Flash cards contain memory chips and a controller CF cards with storage capacity of more than 2GB use the FAT32 file system There are two types of Compact Flash cards: Type I (3.3mm thick) and Type II (5mm thick) CF memory Cards are designed with flash technology, a non- volatile storage solution that does not require a battery to retain data indefinitely These are faster and more reliable and consume only five percent of the power required by small disk drives
  30. 30. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Memory Stick (MS) Memory Card • Theoretical maximum capacity is 32GB High Capacity: • In the parallel mode, data is transferred at speeds up to 160Mbps (theoretical value) • It can write at speeds of 15Mbps or higher High Speed Data Transfer Technology: • Copyright protection and data security Highly Reliable Security: It is an IC recording media designed to record various kinds of digital content on a single stick It is compact, light, reliable, and easy to handle Features:
  31. 31. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Multi Media Memory Card (MMC) MultiMedia Card (MMC) is a tiny memory card that makes storage portable among various devices with a MultiMedia Card-compliant slot Reduced-size MultiMedia Card (RS-MMC) is specially designed for mobile phones; with an adapter it can be used as a regular size MMC card A 64MB MultiMedia Memory Card holds 64 minutes of MP3 or about 40,000 book pages
  32. 32. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited xD-Picture Card (xD) xD-Picture Card is a reusable and removable digital media with an ultra-compact design about the size of a postage stamp It is available in 16MB, 32MB, 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB, and 2GB capacities An xD card is 20 mm × 25 mm × 1.78 mm and weighs 2.8 grams • Fast in comparison with older formats • Small form-factor in comparison with other formats • Have a low power consumption • Small in size, which allows devices to be smaller, especially USB flash drives Advantages:
  33. 33. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited SmartMedia Memory (SM) Card SmartMedia is a flash memory card standard owned by Toshiba A SmartMedia card consists of a single NAND flash EEPROM chip embedded in a thin plastic card • Size: 45.0 × 37.0 × 0.76 mm • Capacities: 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 MB • Data transfer rate: 2MB/s • 1,000,000 read/write cycles
  34. 34. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Solid-State Drive (SSD) A solid-state drive (SSD) is a data storage device that uses solid-state memory to store persistent data Electronic circuitry is built using semiconductors Advantage of SSD over magnetic hard drives are: • Less power usage • Faster data access • Higher reliability
  35. 35. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Tape Libraries and Autoloaders The most common approach to ease the burden of backup and restoring of data is the tape library or autoloader Autoloaders are the data storage devices with at least one tape drive Larger autoloaders with multiple drives are known as tape libraries A tape library is one or more tape backup drives in an enclosure that contains a robotic mechanism for changing tapes Tape libraries are commonly used for centralized backup and restore
  36. 36. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Barracuda Hard Drives Barracuda desktop drives deliver superior performance, reliability, and value for all the applications • Capacities from 80 GB to 1.5 TB • Perpendicular recording technology • Wide range of cache options, from 2 MB to 32 MB • Eco-friendly power levels Features and benefits:
  37. 37. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Hybrid Hard Drive Hybrid hard drive is a hard disk drive that also contains flash memory It offers several advantages compared to conventional HDDs The power consumption of the hybrid hard drive is less than that of the hard disk drive It allows computers to boot quickly It gives longer life expectancy due to the reduction in time in operating motor and electronic components
  38. 38. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Benefits of Hybrid Hard Drive
  39. 39. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Holographic Data Storage Holographic memory allows high record density together with maximum data access speed It is achieved due to the holographic image (hologram) coded in one big data block which is recorded at one access The device first splits a blue argon laser beam into separate reference and object beams The object beam that carries the information gets expanded so that it fully illuminates a spatial light modulator (SLM) To read the stored data, the hologram is illuminated with the reference beam
  40. 40. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Holographic Data Storage (cont’d)
  41. 41. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited ExpressCard ExpressCard technology is designed to deliver high-performance, modular expansion to both desktop and notebook computers Users are able to add memory, wired and wireless communications, multimedia, and security features by inserting ExpressCard modules into the compliant systems • A smaller and faster PC card solution • Suitable for mobile and desktop systems • Supports USB 2.0 and PCI Express applications Advantages:
  42. 42. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited USB Flash Drives These are NAND-type flash memory data storage devices integrated with a USB interface Memory capacity typically ranges from 8 megabytes up to 64 gigabytes Use the USB mass storage standard which is supported by Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows XP Flash drive consists of a small printed circuit board in a robust plastic or metal casing • Small and lightweight • Removable • Rewritable • Faster and holds more data • Reliable • Requires no other external power source Advantages:
  43. 43. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited USB Flash in a Pen
  44. 44. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited E-ball Futuristic Computer Apostol Tnokovski designed a PC concept that is of an orb-shaped PC which is called as E-ball It comes with a projected display and keyboard It uses an IR sensor to recognize the keys pressed
  45. 45. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Models of Digital Devices
  46. 46. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Pocket Hard Drives Seagate 5GB USB 2.0 Pocket Hard Drive Targus - 40GB Ultra Slim Pocket Hard Drive Buffalo MiniStation Pocket Sized External Hard Disk Drive Pocket size hard drive Micro Hard Drive
  47. 47. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Network- Attached Storage Devices Netgear ReadyNAS Duo Netgear ReadyNAS NV+ Synology Disk Station DS207+ Maxtor Shared Storage II
  48. 48. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Digital Camera Devices Olympus C-5060 Digital Camera DIGIGR8 digital cameras Pentax X-Change camera Canon EOS 40D Digital Camera
  49. 49. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Mini Digital Cameras Panasonic SV-AV10 e-wear BenQ 300mini SiPix StyleCam Blink Aiptek Mini PenCam Rolleiflex MiniDigi AF5.0
  50. 50. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Digital Video Cameras Panasonic HDC-SX5 camcorder Audiovox DC400 Canon HR10 Samsung SC-DC575
  51. 51. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Digital Video Cameras (cont’d) Oregon Aiptek IS-DV2 Xacti Digital Camera VPC-CG9 Digital Video Glasses
  52. 52. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Mobile Devices Readius – rollable display enabled mobile device Motorola – MPx Pocket PC Phone Telescope Lens for Mobile Phones TV Dual-Sim-Card Mobile Phone-- TMJ668
  53. 53. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Mobile Devices (cont’d) F88 Wrist Watch Mobile Phone Apple – iPhone Ultra Mobile Devices (UMD)
  54. 54. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Mobile Devices in the Future The futuristic mobile device uses a touch screen, built-in camera, scanner, WiFi, Google Maps, Google Search, image search, etc. This helps in knowing the details of the image seen from the device
  55. 55. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Digital Audio Players IRiver S7 Digital Audio Player Panasonic SV-SD300 digital audio player GoGear Flash audio player Apple Ipod Shuffle
  56. 56. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Digital Video Players Apple iPod Classic Tiny Digital Video Player Tanko - Eco-Friendly Solar Powered Digital Audio Player Philips GoGear Digital Audio Video Player SA9345 VI
  57. 57. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Laptop computers Transparent laptop computer M230 Rugged Laptop Computer Apple - Macbook Air Lenovo - ThinkPad X61 Tablet Laptop Computer with Mobile Broadband
  58. 58. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Solar Powered Concept for Laptop Gadget
  59. 59. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of Bluetooth Devices BlueAnt X3 Micro Bluetooth Headset Motorola H5 Miniblue Bluetooth Headset Sony's DRBT21GB Stereo Bluetooth Headset Parrot Minikit
  60. 60. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Different Types of USB Drives External USB DVR for Ipod and USB drives Super Talent Pico USB drive SanDisk USB drives
  61. 61. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Summary In a CD, data is stored as a series of tiny indentations (pits), encoded in a tightly packed spiral track of pits molded into the top of the polycarbonate layer Network Attached Storage (NAS) is a dedicated hard disk-based storage technology The iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Computer A solid-state drive (SSD) is a data storage device that uses solid-state memory to store persistent data Barracuda desktop drives deliver superior performance, reliability, and value for all the applications Hybrid hard drive is a hard disk drive that also contains flash memory
  62. 62. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  63. 63. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited

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