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A brief presentation of a brief history of humankind

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A brief presentation of a brief history of humankind

  1. 1. Desman Hidayat 18th May 2014 Jakarta Based on the course: “A Brief History of Humankind” by Dr. Yuval Noah Harari, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Coursera.org
  2. 2.  13 billion years ago Big Bang  Atom Physics  Molecule Chemistry  4 billion years ago Organism Biology  70.000 years ago Homo Sapiens developed culture history
  3. 3.  2.5 million years ago  Australopithecus  East Africa  2 million years ago  Left their homeland
  4. 4.  Homo Neanderthalensis  “Neanderthal”  Europe & Middle East
  5. 5.  Homo Floresiensis  Flores Island, Indonesia
  6. 6.  Large Brain  60 kilograms pig 200 CC brain  60 kilograms human 1200-1400 CC brain  Walk on 2 legs
  7. 7.  70,000 years ago  Migrated from East Africa  Reached Middle East, Europe, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia  60,000 years ago  Reached China & Korea  45,000 years ago  Reached Australia  15,000 years ago  Reached America
  8. 8.  Boats  Needles  Oil Lamps  Weapons  Religions
  9. 9.  Before human reached Australia (-50,000 years)  24 Australian animal species (50kg+)  After human reached Australia  Only 1 Australian animal species (50kg+)  Red Kangaroo
  10. 10. Agricultural Revolution
  11. 11.  Human brains are incapable of handling large amount of information  First script discovered:  The name of an accountant  Economic documents
  12. 12.  Unify the world into a single system  3 factors:  Money  Politic  Religion  Empires’ history  2250 BC: first empire: Akkadian Empire of Sargon the Great, Mediterranean  500 BC: Kiros the Great of Persia  Alexander the Great  Etc.
  13. 13.  3 unique characteristics of modern science:  Modern science assumes that we don’t know everything  The centrality of observation and mathematics  It aims to acquire new “power”
  14. 14.  Problems  Solutions  The leading project of modern science is to give humankind eternal life  2050  Ammortal
  15. 15.  18th Century: European states were still weaker than the great power of Asia  European managed to conquer America and the oceans mainly because Asia showed very little interest in this areas  How to rule the world?  Technology  European voyages = scientific voyages + imperial voyages
  16. 16.  James Cook  1778  South Pacific Ocean & Australia  Geographer + Naval Officer in the British Royal Navy  Zheng He  15th Century  7 voyages  Reached East Africa  Sent by ruling faction in Beijing
  17. 17.  European empires were created and managed by private businesses  VOC  Established 1602  1603 – first arrived in Indonesia  1800 – Indonesia became a national colony of the Dutch state  British East India Company  Conquered India 1757  1858 - the British crown nationalized India
  18. 18.  1781  James Watt  Steam Engine  The problem of industrial revolution  Increased production, lack of consumption  Solution?  Consumerism
  19. 19.  Main contributing factors to the new era of peace:  The price of war has gone up dramatically  Nuclear  The profit of war declined  Peace has become more profitable than ever before
  20. 20.  Within a few decades or couple of centuries at most, Homo Sapiens will disappear  Not extinct, but evolve  Singularity  Our world of meaning collapsed completely  Our identity will become irrelevant  When?  Nobody really knows  2050?  100-300 years later?
  21. 21.  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Australopithecus_afarensis.JPG  http://www.archeolog-home.com/medias/images/1-neanderthal.jpg  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/Homo_floresiensis_a dult_female_-_model_of_head_- _Smithsonian_Museum_of_Natural_History_-_2012-05-17.jpg  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Large_bonfire.jpg  http://www.theartnewspaper.com/imgart/lion-man-ulm.jpg  http://timewellness.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/gossip.jpg?w=480&h=320&cr op=1  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Kangur.rudy.drs.jpg  http://www.novatel.com/assets/Web-Phase-2-2012/Industry- Pages/Agriculture.png  http://www.qacps.k12.md.us/mms/george/gilgameshpicture.jpg  http://www.bestmediums.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/dove-of- peace-3.jpg  Video lectures from the course: “A Brief History of Humankind” at Coursera.org

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