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The Smart Home Illusion

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Talk given at Iot 2019 in Bilbao on October 23rd 2019.

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The Smart Home Illusion

  1. 1. The Smart Home Illusion IoT Conference, Bilbao. October 23rd 2019
  2. 2. My name is Alexandra Deschamps-Sonsino (@iotwatch on twitter)
  3. 3. What I’m working on now Research for Overlay (ING Labs) & UCL Petras A new book on corporate innovation cultures
  4. 4. What I’m going to talk about Technocracy in the domestic space Terraforming the domestic space What it means for research
  5. 5. What I’m going to talk about Technocracy in the domestic space Terraforming the domestic space What it means for research
  6. 6. A space electric. A hundred years since the first electric irons.
  7. 7. Electric discoveries. Joseph Swan for Lord Armstrong in Cragside (patent: 1880)
  8. 8. Electric discoveries (marketed). Edison Christmas lights for the White House (1894)
  9. 9. Factory efficiency. Frederick Taylor ‘s Scientific management (1911), Lillian Gilbreth, Eadweard Muybridge
  10. 10. The (domestic) factory floor. Christine Frederick, 1912
  11. 11. The domestic factory floor (marketed). Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, 1926
  12. 12. The ‘all-electric’ house. Electric Association for Women Competition, 1920s
  13. 13. The ‘all-electric’ house (marketed). Electric Association for Women showcase, 1935
  14. 14. The ‘all-electric’ house (marketed). GE Theatre & Medallion homes, 1950s
  15. 15. Domotics. ‘La domotique’ 1984
  16. 16. The ‘smart’ home. National Home Builders Association, 1987
  17. 17. The ‘smart’ home (marketed).
  18. 18. *Still using servants. Servants used to live in the same home, or in the same building, now they live elsewhere and we may never actually see them.
  19. 19. *Still talking about doing more with less. Minimal home concepts since 1890s
  20. 20. *Still at the mercy of real estate realities. Size of average American home in sq feet based on M.K.Mason (2017)
  21. 21. What I’m going to talk about Technocracy in the domestic space Terraforming the domestic space What it means for research
  22. 22. Things are always on. ‘Smart TVs’ are always using power and so are our smart devices.
  23. 23. Creatures of post-industrial habits. Demand on the grid increases early in the morning and from 6-9pm.
  24. 24. The grid isn’t green.
  25. 25. Single? Older? They spend more energy than others. Older people feel colder and people living on their own put the washing machine on more often. (Intertek Report, May 2012)
  26. 26. Homes leaks energy. Buildings built after WWII sometimes worst than pre-1919 buildings.
  27. 27. Connected devices demand energy. From phantom to vampire power, our charging cables & transformers are rarely smart.
  28. 28. Web services use up energy constantly. From music services to servers.
  29. 29. Cars will weigh in soon. An electric vehicle can double energy bills. Smart charging a car at night will increase night-time demand.
  30. 30. What I’m going to talk about Technocracy in the domestic space Terraforming the domestic space What it means for research
  31. 31. From behaviour to structure Energy, energy efficiency, energy loss, energy related behaviours.
  32. 32. Social engineering & nudging for good. How do we encourage people to keep going, to unplug, to contribute to degrowth while other countries need to contribute more.
  33. 33. Supporting government with research.
  34. 34. How do you support research for degrowth? How do we disentangle the home from its inhabitants to make meaningful recommendations? How do we do build tools & methods valid internationally?
  35. 35. Eskerrik asko. designswarm.com/book alex@designswarm.com @iotwatch

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